Motives for Exercise in Undergraduate Muslim Women and Men in Oman and Pakistan Compared to the United States

In this study we examined motives for exercise as well as the frequency and amount of time spent in exercising in female and male undergraduates in two Muslim countries [Oman, n = 104 and Pakistan, n = 134] as compared with those of U.S. undergraduates [n = 560]. As predicted, overall levels of exercise activity were found to be lower in undergraduates from Pakistan and Oman than in the U.S. sample, and higher in men than women across all three countries. Muslim women were least likely to exercise with the modal groups for both countries not exercising at all. Gender and country differences were more evident in reports of frequency and duration of exercise than in thinking about exercise. Thoughts about exercise predicted frequency and duration of exercise in all gender by country groups. Improving health was especially important as a reason for exercise for the Omani students, as predicted, although this motive was even higher in the Omani women than men. Pakistani women and men were motivated by wanting to relax (as predicted) and improve their appearance, an unexpected finding. For Spending Time with Others, Oman was highest, followed by Pakistan, and with the U.S. lowest, a result not predicted, although the more communal Muslim cultures may help explain this finding.
Source: Sex Roles - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

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ConclusionSubstantial agreement exists among experts regarding many strong recommendations for the improvement of practice concerning the use of muscle relaxants and reversal agents during anaesthesia. In particular, the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR) recommends the use of a device to monitor neuromuscular blockade throughout anaesthesia.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care Medicine, Volume 21, Issue 1Author(s):
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care Medicine, Volume 21, Issue 1Author(s):
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Date: Thursday, 02 06, 2020; Speaker: Dr. Jean-Marc Egly , Institut de Genetique et de Biologie Mol éculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC); Building 37; 4041
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Tuesday, 04 07, 2020; Speaker: Brad Walters, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Dept. of Neurobiology and Anatomical Sciences, University of Mississippi Medical Center; 35A; 610
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Tuesday, 04 28, 2020; Speaker: Uli Mueller, Ph.D., Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of Neuroscience and Biology, Johns Hopkins University; 49; 1A51/1A59
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
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Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Friday, 01 24, 2020; Speaker: Peter D. Crompton, M.D., M.P.H. , Chief, Malaria Infection Biology and Immunity Unit , Laboratory of Immunogenetics, NIAID ; Building 1; Wilson Hall ; Videocast Event
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Friday, 01 24, 2020; Speaker: Diane L. Bolton, Ph.D., Chief, Animal Models&Pathogenesis Section, US Military HIV Research Program; 33; 1N09
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
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Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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