Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging may be useful in differentiating fungal abscess from malignant intracranial lesion: Case report.

Conclusions: Correctly identifying an infectious versus tumor etiology is important. Research has been carried out to employ diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiating the variable radiological findings. The role of DWI in diagnosing bacterial abscess is more commonly seen in comparison to fungal abscess. DWI has a high diagnostic potential, but more works need to be done. PMID: 30788184 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that extrastriate brain regions probably involved in cortical spreading depression are associated with CBF changes in the interictal state. We conclude that ASL-MRI is a sensitive method to identify local neuro-functional abnormalities in CBF in patients with EM in the interictal state. PMID: 31680242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
A 26-year-old female patient referred to our emergency service with complaint of increase headache and swelling of the left upper eye led. External examination of the head revealed left frontal scalp and left eye led swelling, which was soft and pulsatile. Brain computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed left frontal soft tissue and left periorbital swelling with crowded left intraorbital contents. Brain CT angiography showed vascular mass lesion in the left frontal subcutaneous lesion. Six-vessel cerebral angiography showed left frontal scalp arteriovenous malformation (AVM) supplied from the righ...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Technical Strategies Source Type: research
Conclusions: Higher voxel intensity in disc and inferior head of LPM of MRI scans was linked to the increased volume of articular disc, inferior head of LPM and migraine. PMID: 31646924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research
J Neurol Surg B DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700509Tumors located in the craniocervical junction region are significantly challenging for surgical resection. We shared our experience of a meningioma at craniocervical junction resected through far lateral approach in a 68-year-old female. The patient presented with intermittent headache with discomfort in the neck and shoulders for 3 years without any positive signs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a tumor of 3.6 cm × 3.0 cm × 2.5 cm lying at the ventral side of medulla oblongata, with T1 hypointensity, T2 hyper...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Skull Base: Operative Videos Source Type: research
Rationale: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) represents one of the most alarming forms of hemostatic abnormalities that may occur in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Patient concerns: Here we report a case of a 25-year-old male with ulcerative colitis, who developed such thromboembolic complication during flare of the disease. CVST in our patient was clinically manifested by headache and nausea. Diagnosis: Angio-magnetic resonance imaging scan of the head revealed segments of contrast filling defects/absence indicating right dural venous sinus thrombosis of the transverse sinus. Intervention...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
We report a case of idiopathic hyperaldosteronism characterized by BAH. Patient concerns: A 46-year-old woman had experienced a paroxysmal elevation of blood pressure for the past 2 months, along with an intermittent headache and mild occipital swelling and pain. Diagnoses: We performed clinical, laboratory, and imaging tests, as well as bilateral adrenal vein sampling (AVS) on this patient. Specifically, computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging were used to characterize the properties of bilateral adrenal adenoma. Additionally, bilateral AVS was performed to distinguish unilateral from bilateral adren...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsPDB is often diagnosed through incidental findings in a regular blood chemistry panel, particularly ALK, or through imaging done for another reason. The planar radiograph gives the best clue to the presence of PDB. The MDCT is mandatory for better outcomes in treatment of osteosarcoma, whereas MRI is best for depicting local intracranial extension. PET identifies the region of a tumor through FDG increase. Lastly, biopsy is necessary for confirming the tumor.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Authors: Naito Y, Mori J, Tazoe J, Tomida A, Yagyu S, Nakajima H, Iehara T, Tatsuzawa K, Mukai T, Hosoi H Abstract A 14-year-old girl was referred to our department because of headache and visual impairment following the resection of recurrent cardiac myxoma. Head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan detected an intra- and supra-sellar tumor. Moreover, the patient showed the presence of spotty skin pigmentations on her cheeks and lower lip. Blood examination revealed hypothyrotropinemia, and ultrasonography results revealed multiple thyroid nodules. She was diagnosed with Carney complex (CNC). Her pituitary tumor ...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Aaron Musara, Nyarai Soko, Sharai ShamuMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 26(2):114-116 Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larvae of the cestode Taenia solium. Ocular parasitosis in humans is well recognized; however, cysticercosis of the optic nerve is rare. Here, we report a case of an adult male who presented with right-sided headache and a gradual loss of vision in the right eye. Optical coherence tomography indicated severe loss of ganglion cells in the right eye. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a predominantly suprasellar cystic lesion thought to represent an arachnoid cyst. We per...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results suggest that taVNS at 1 Hz can significantly modulate activity/connectivity of brain regions associated with the vagus nerve central pathway and pain modulation system, which may shed light on the neural mechanisms underlying taVNS treatment of migraine.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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