Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale in a National Sample of Arab Adolescents.

Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale in a National Sample of Arab Adolescents. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2019 Feb 22;:1-7 Authors: Dardas LA, Xu H, Shawashreh A, Franklin MS, Wainwright K, Pan W Abstract Having valid, reliable, and culturally adapted tools to screen for adolescent depression is a crucial concern for mental health care professionals who promote preventive care. To this aim, this study tested the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale among Arab adolescents. A nationally representative sample of 3,292 Jordanian adolescents aged 13-17 completed the CES-D 20-item scale. A principal axis factoring with a varimax rotation was used to identify the factor structure of the scale on a half of the sample (n1 = 1,655), followed by a confirmatory factor analysis to assess the fitness of the factor structure to the other half of the sample (n2 = 1,637) on a variety of model-fit indices. Findings did not support the original four-factor structure. The results indicated that two factors provide a reasonably better fit: Factor 1 combined items on depressed affect, somatic complaints and interpersonal problems, and Factor 2 consisted of the remaining four positive affect items. The modified model showed high internal reliability and excellent construct validity. The results revealed that depressi...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

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Conclusions: These results indicate that only a small proportion of community dwellers reported optimal well-being.Clinical Implications: Addressing depression and alleviating caregiver distress may constitute ingredients for promoting optimal well-being among older community dwellers. PMID: 31826711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
Synaptotagmin12 (SYT12) has been well characterized as the regulator of transmitter release in the nervous system, however the relevance and molecular mechanisms of SYT12 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are not understood. In the current study, we investigated the expression of SYT12 and its molecular biological functions in OSCC by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, immunoblot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. SYT12 were up-regulated significantly in OSCC-derived cell lines and primary OSCC tissue compared with the normal counterparts (P
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Associations between subjective maternal bonding recalled from the first 16 years of life and current sleep indices were investigated in a clinical sample of 34 adults with major depressive disorder and 36 normal controls (n = 70) using the self-report parental bonding instrument and wrist actigraphy. Results of multiple linear regression analyses indicated that reports of maternal bonding indices were associated with several sleep indices in adulthood independent of depression status. Higher levels of maternal care were associated with greater time in bed and total sleep time. Higher levels of maternal overprotection were...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study included 243 youths, ages 12 to 25 years (42 healthy controls, 43 non–help-seeking individuals [stage 0], 52 help-seeking youth experiencing distress and possibly mild symptoms of anxiety or depression [stage1a], and 108 youth demonstrating attenuated symptoms of an SMI such as bipolar disorder or psychosis [stage 1b]). Participants completed an adapted version of the Childhood Trauma and Abuse scale. There were high frequencies of reported trauma across all stages. Symptomatic individuals experienced more trauma and bullying. Stage 1b individuals reported more physical abuse. Stage 1b also indicated psych...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We aimed to retrospectively investigate childhood trauma and childhood mental disorder in military and employed civilian men aged 18 to 54 years. Data, derived from the 2010 Australian Defence Force (ADF) Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study and the 2007 Australian Bureau of Statistics National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing Study, were analyzed and compared using direct age standardization and logistic regression. A greater proportion of ADF reported childhood trauma, multiple trauma types, trauma onset below 12 years of age, and interpersonal trauma than civilian employed men. A greater proportion of ADF r...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Efficacy of "Pinggan Formula" in Controlling Acute Type B Aortic Dissection Perioperative Blood Pressure: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019;2019:6432953 Authors: Zhang H, Zhang D, Sun Y, Lu Y, Feng J, Zhang L, Song C, Jing Z, Yu C, Lu Q Abstract Objective: To explore a new treatment that can proceed from the whole, control blood pressure smoothly and coordinate the treatment of multiple factors causing blood pressure fluctuations. Method: We conducted a single-center, double-blinded, and randomized controlled clinical trial. 48 patients with ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Study Objectives:To evaluate the influence of sex on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-related symptoms and prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a large clinical population of patients.Methods:A total of 6,716 patients (mean age 52 years, 24% women) had undergone diagnostic polysomnography and completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Athens Insomnia Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory. We investigated the predictive value of sex on associated symptoms and prevalent cardiovascular disease, after adjustment for relevant confounding factors including age, obesity, and comorbidities.Results:Most of the patients (90%) ha...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:A lighting intervention tailored to maximally entrain the circadian system can improve sleep, mood, and behavior in patients with dementia living in controlled environments.Clinical Trial Registration:Registry:ClinicalTrials.gov, title: Methodology Issues in a Tailored Light Treatment for Persons With Dementia, URL:https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01816152, identifier: NCT01816152.Citation:Figueiro MG, Plitnick B, Roohan C, Sahin L, Kalsher M, Rea MS. Effects of a tailored lighting intervention on sleep quality, rest–activity, mood, and behavior in older adults with Alzheimer disease and related dem...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Study Objective:We aimed to evaluate the association between patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and treatment regimen/standardized dose (STD), a measure of drug burden, in patients with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1)/type 2 (NT2) and idiopathic hypersomnia (IH).Methods:Patients age 18 years or older with NT1/NT2 and IH with baseline and≥ 6-month follow-up during 2008–2010 were included. Changes in PROs (Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS], Fatigue Severity Scale [FSS], Patient Health Questionnaire 9 [PHQ-9], total sleep time [TST]) by diagnosis, treatment regimen (monotherapy versus polytherapy, sodium oxybate [SO] use), and ST...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: In conclusion, alexithymic PTSD outpatients may be characterised by higher disorder severity and difficulty in identifying feelings that may be linked to increased suicide ideation, regardless of affective temperaments or homocysteine levels. Homocysteine levels were not related to any studied variable. However, study limitations are discussed and must be considered. KeypointsPatients with alexithymia showed increased PTSD severity, a higher score on TEMPS-A subscales, and more severe suicide ideation.The Difficulty in Identifying Feelings (DIF) dimension of TAS-20 was associated with suicide ideation in patie...
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research
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