Evaluation of a brief unguided psychological online intervention for depression: a controlled trial including exploratory moderator analyses - L üdtke T, Westermann S, Pult LK, Schneider BC, Pfuhl G, Moritz S.

Background Psychological online interventions (POIs) reduce depression but we know little about factors influencing their effectiveness. We evaluated a new, brief POI for depression and conducted exploratory moderator analyses. Methods In this online t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS Our findings showed that about 20% of the youths had at least one mental disorder. However, this prevalence is underestimated since other relevant mental disorders were not assessed. Mental disorders were associated with higher suicide risk, especially the comorbidity between them.
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Asad Bandealy, Nicole Herrera, Mark Weissman, Peter ScheidtAbstractSuicide is the second-leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States. Counseling patients and families on safe storage of firearms and medications is an effective method of suicide prevention. We sought to determine the self-reported frequency of lethal means restriction (LMR) counseling among primary care pediatric providers working with adolescents who are at risk for suicide as well as factors associated with consistently employing LMR counseling. An anon...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Robert C. Whitaker, Allison N. Herman, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Kenneth Hubbell, Ryan Huff, Liam J. Heneghan, Peter C. RoweAbstractAlthough mindfulness-based interventions may be effective in addressing the common symptom of fatigue, no population-based studies have examined the relationship between mindfulness and fatigue. We determined whether higher levels of dispositional mindfulness were associated with lower levels of fatigue. Cross-sectional data were obtained through the Pennsylvania Head Start Staff Wellness Survey, a 2012 web-base...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionThe presence of wellness support was associated with better outcomes, suggesting the value of initiatives to manage workload and support the well-being of surgical resident physicians.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Global cerebral ischemia (GCI) commonly occurs in the elderly. Subcortical white matter lesions and oligodendrocyte (OLG) loss caused by cerebral ischemia have been implicated in the development of post-ischemic depression and cognitive impairment. OLGs are necessary for axonal myelination; the disrupted differentiation of OLG progenitor cells (OPCs) is associated with impaired remyelination. Evidence has indicated that increased levels of inflammatory cytokines released from activated microglia induce depression-like behaviors by affecting neurotransmitter pathways, but the mechanisms remain elusive. We explored the poten...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Eliana Vassena, Filip Van Opstal, Ingeborg Goethals, Tom VergutsAbstractThe ability to exert control has been widely investigated as a hallmark of adaptive behaviour. Dopamine is recognized as the key neuromodulator mediating various control-related processes. The neural mechanisms underlying the subjective perception of being in control, or Locus of Control (LOC) are however less clear. LOC indicates the subjective tendency to attribute environmental outcomes to one's actions (internal LOC) or instead to external ...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The risk of giving birth to a child with birth defects may be slightly higher in women with bipolar disorder who take lithium compared with those who do not take lithium, suggests ameta-analysis inAJP in Advance. However, these slight risks may be outweighed by the dangers to mother and child of relapse of illness episodes (either depressive or manic), the authors of the analysis caution.“Pregnancy should not be considered an absolute contraindication to lithium prescription, given the relatively small increase in risk for any malformation or cardiac malformations, and given that such events, fortunately, remain rare...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ajp in advance bipolar disorder cardiac birth defect congenital defect lithium meta-analysis Michele Fornaro miscarriage relapse Source Type: research
Conclusions: Results suggest TCC may have a small positive effect on early outcomes, but use of the services was highly variable among sites. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
The latest article from  Alcohol Research Current Reviews explores co-occurrence of alcohol use disorder and depression. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and depressive disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and co-occur more often than expected by chance. Studies have indicated that the co-occurrence of AUD and depressive disorders is a ssociated with greater severity and worse prognosis for both disorders. The aim of this review is to characterize the prevalence, course, and treatment of co-occurring AUD and depressive disorders. 
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news
AbstractEpilepsy self-management practices enhance a patient ’s competence and confidence in managing their chronic condition, which is assumed to lead to an improved quality of life (QoL). We analyzed the relationship between the Epilepsy Self-Management Scale (ESMS) responses and the Quality of Life in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31) scores. Baseline questionnaires f rom HOBSCOTCH, a self-management program for cognitive problems, were administered in four New England epilepsy centers on adults (n = 100) with epilepsy and subjective memory complaints. There was no correlation between overall self-management score...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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