Management of acquired compressive myelopathy due to spinal fluorosis

Conclusion: Skeletal survey along with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging is cost-effective modality for the screening/diagnosis for fluorosis. Once developed, surgery, either curative or palliative, is the best treatment at crippling stage of the disease.
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research

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Prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) increases with age and is endemic in the burgeoning population of older adults. Older adults with CVD are susceptible not only to high mortality but also to increased likelihood of disability, dependency, functional decline, and poor quality of life. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a multidimensional and comprehensive treatment program that can potentially address many of the distinctive challenges of older adults with CVD. In this review, the wide range of potential benefits of CR for older adults with CVD is summarized.
Source: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: research
This article reviews the history of LF control activities and summarizes the NLFEP extensive interventions to eliminate LF in Egypt. Based on MoHP data, mass drug administration (MDA) with DEC and ALB was started in 2000 in 161 implementation units (IUs). Additional IUs were included in subsequent MDA rounds, with the last IU included in 2007. MDA stopping surveys were conducted based on WHO guidelines (2005; 2011). Information about the presence of those suffering from lymphoedema/elephantiasis and hydrocele patients was collected, and care provided to those needing care in five rural health units (RHU) by primary health ...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
by Mohammad J. Karim, Rouseli Haq, Hayley E. Mableson, A. S. M. Sultan Mahmood, Mujibur Rahman, Salim M. Chowdhury, A. K. M. Fazlur Rahman, Israt Hafiz, Hannah Betts, Charles Mackenzie, Mark J. Taylor, Louise A. Kelly-Hope BackgroundThe Bangladesh Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) Elimination Programme has made significant progress in interrupting transmission through mass drug administration (MDA) and has now focussed its efforts on scaling up managing morbidity and preventing disability (MMDP) activities to deliver the minimum package of care to people affected by LF clinical conditions. This paper highlights the Bangladesh LF P...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study found a significant impact on the caregivers of those with podoconiosis, especially during acute attacks, in in Wayu Tukaworeda. It also highlighted the limited support available to caregivers. Further research is needed to understand whether this impact applies to podoconiosis caregivers across Ethiopia, and beyond, and to establish if there are wider implications of this important consequence of podoconiosis, for example on the economy and caregivers ’ mental and physical health.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
by Carmen Maroto-Camino, Pilar Hernandez-Pastor, Naomi Awaca, Lebon Safari, Janet Hemingway, Marilia Massangaie, Donald Whitson, Caroline Jeffery, Joseph J. Valadez Lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination as a public health problem requires the interruption of transmission by administration of preventive mass drug administration (MDA) to the eligible population living in endemic districts. Suboptimal MDA coverage leads to persistent parasite transmission with c onsequential infection, disease and disability, and the need for continuing MDA rounds, requiring considerable investment. Routine coverage reports must be verified ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, vaccination with CYD-TDV following serological screening could have a positive impact in some high-transmission settings, provided that screening is highly specific (to minimize individual harm), at least moderately sensitive (to maximize population benefit), and sufficiently inexpens ive (depending on the setting).
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe proposed model using RF allows for the diagnosis of leprosy with high sensitivity and specificity and the early identification of new cases among household contacts.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate lymphatic filariasis and strategies developed for its control in an area where MDA is not required. Together with the 2018 morbidity evaluation, a survey was conducted using point-of-care immunochromatographic test-AD12 tests for diagnostic screening in an area where MDA is not required. The methodology also included desk research based on Health Department reports of the control activities for lymphatic filariasis during 2003-2016. Among the 934 cases investigated in 2018, there was a 0.64% prevalence of circulating filarial antigen positive, comprising five adults and one 2-year-old child....
Source: Pathogens and Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pathog Glob Health Source Type: research
A young boy in Pakistan receives an oral polio vaccine (OPV). Over the last 30 years huge progress has been made against polio and it is now only endemic in 2 countries, Afghanistan and Pakistan, with only 33 cases confirmed cases last year. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, May 1 2019 (IPS) Since the introduction of vaccines, diseases such as measles and polio were quickly becoming a thing of the past. However, the world’s progress on immunisation is now being threatened. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 85 percent of the world’s children received basic va...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations diptheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) human papillomavirus (HPV) Measles Vaccines World Health Organ Source Type: news
Conclusion: Our results are similar to those reported from the state of Veracruz, Mexico, in which out of 33 samples of urine of patients with GBS two had a positive RT-PCR for ZIKV. Simultaneous processing of serum, CSF, urine, and saliva by RT-PCR may increase the success of diagnosis of GBS associated to ZIKV. Introduction In April 2016, a report of Epidemiological Surveillance for Zika virus (ZIKV) disease in Mexico reported 93 autochthonous laboratory-confirmed cases, collected between November 2015 and February 2016, and distributed amongst eight states of the country (1). In these patients, clinical manifest...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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