Morphometric study of lower end femur by using helical computed tomography
Conclusions: The current study highlights the need to develop components and implants for use in TKA and fractures of distal femur keeping the age- and sex-specific anatomical features of people of different ethnic origins in view.
This study does favour to obtain a better understanding on the symptoms and pathological changes of OA. It also may provide some potential directions for the prophylaxis and treatment of OA.
CONCLUSION: This initial, non-randomized, comparative evaluation of the OPTY-LINE device for HTO has produced similar outcomes to patients treated with the established Tomofix device. In particular, the rate of post-surgical bone regeneration and surgical accuracy achieved with the OPTY-LINE device are encouraging. Large-scale randomized controlled studies with longer follow-up are indicated to further evaluate the clinical and patient-related outcome performance for OPTY-LINE. PMID: 31379259 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: This cadaveric study aids in establishing the prevalence of LSTV (12.7%) in a random population and the frequency of the various Castellvi LSTV morphologies. An association was found between type Ia morphology and L4–L5 osteoarthritis which has not been reported in the past, suggesting that mild LSTV may carry more significance to lumbar pathology than previously considered.
Conclusions This scoping review confirmed that patients with malunited scaphoids seem to have higher likelihood of post traumatic arthritis. However, clinical implications remain uncertain and better methods for assessing and defining scaphoid deformity are required. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
CONCLUSION: Although functional results demonstrated that multiple CMC joint fracture dislocations can be treated with ORIF, the high rate of osteoarthritis is a disadvantage. PMID: 31291861 [PubMed - in process]
DiscussionFindings will provide patients with better information about the potential benefits and harms of stemless and stemmed TSA and will assist shoulder surgeons and patients in decision-making.Trial registrationClinicaltrials.gov,NCT03877315. Registered on 13 March 2019.
To develop and perform ex vivo 3D imaging of meniscus posterior horn microstructure using micro-computed tomography ( μCT), and to compare specimens from healthy references against end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) using conventional section-based histology and qualitative μCT.
Conclusions: Capsaicin-induced sensory denervation accelerated OA progression at early stage in mice. To put it another way, sensory nerve protects from OA progression at early stage in mice. PMID: 31274342 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractIntroductionSeveral recent studies have reported accurate and reliable use of patient-specific cutting guides (PSCG) for medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OW-HTO); however, a majority of these are small cases series or ex-vivo reports. The hypothesis of this study was that performing an OW-HTO with PSCG results in a reliable and accurate correction with good or satisfactory patient-reported functional outcomes at a mean of two years. We also hypothesized that the use of PSCG would not increase the rate of specific or non-specific complications.MethodsIn this single-centre, observational study, a pro...
Rationale: Kashin–Beck disease (KBD) is known for some typical characters like finger joint enlargement, shortened fingers, and dwarfism. However, Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the talus in KBD has rarely been reported in the literature. Here, we reported on a KBD patient presented with partial AVN of the talus in conjunction with ankle and subtalar arthritis. Patient concerns: A 50-year-old woman presented with severe pain and limited range of motion in her left ankle and subtalar joint while walking for 2 years. She had been walking with the aid of crutches for many years. Conservative treatment with rigid ortho...