Routine Upper Gastrointestinal Fluoroscopy Before Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: Is It Necessary?
AbstractBackgroundControversy exists regarding the clinical utility of routine preoperative upper gastrointestinal (GI) fluoroscopy in morbid obese patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The aim of our study was to determine the efficacy of these studies in detecting hiatal hernias (HH).MethodsThe institution ’s prospectively maintained, IRB-approved database was retrospectively queried to identify all consecutive patients who underwent LSG between 2011 and 2017. All patients underwent routine preoperative upper GI fluoroscopy. Reports from all imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed and compared to the presence of an intraoperative HH.ResultsDuring the study period, a total of 1810 patients (854 males, 956 females) underwent LSG at our institution. Mean age was 40.95 ± 13 years (range 11–75), and mean BMI was 42.8 ± 5 kg/m2 (range 30 –86). The overall prevalence of HH was 11.1% (201 patients). All HHs detected were repaired. Considering the intraoperative identification of HH the gold standard for diagnosis, the sensitivity and specificity of preoperative UGI fluoroscopy for HH detection were 32% (66/201) and 94% (1512/1609), respectively. The median operative time was significantly longer when concomitant LSG and HH repair was performed compared to LSG alone (76 min vs. 55 min,p
ConclusionGoni Moreno PPP is an effective procedure that allows a high rate of fascial closure. The population of patients requiring such procedures presents a high-risk profile for complications regarding demographics and associated diseases.
ConclusionA tailored approach is now employed and seen more so in hernia surgery and this fact is referred to and highlighted in the contemporaneous hernia guidelines published to date. In addition, with the increasing complexity of abdominal wall surgery, the number of procedures actually performed by trainees is no longer considered adequate to overcome any recognized learning curve. Therefore, to supplement general surgery training young surgeons should be offered a clinical fellowship to obtain an additional qualification as an abdominal wall surgeon and thus improve their clinical and operative experience under superv...
ConclusionRecent high-level literature recommends the use of mesh repair (flat mesh) in all patients with hernia width ≥ 1 cm. This evidence is limited to the use of flat mesh through an open approach. While AHSQC surgeons do offer mesh repair in the majority of cases, this is most commonly using a mesh patch, and is selective towards larger hernias and obese patients. Further research is required to evaluat e the safety of mesh patches, and a mesh repair should be offered to a young non-obese healthy patient, as they benefit similarly from the use of mesh.
Duodenal Switch post-operative complications include small bowel obstruction and internal hernias. This video presentation discusses the common causes for small bowel obstruction, demonstrating single band adhesions, mesocolic internal hernia, and mesoenteric internal hernia, including clinical presentation, radiographic evaluation, reduction technique, and repair.
Paraesophageal and sliding-type hiatal hernias are extremely common in patients who suffer from obesity. Concomitant hernia repairs at the time of bariatric surgery have been reported in as high as 20% of all bariatric surgeries. Bioabsorbable tissue matrices have been used to bolster and enhance sutured paraoesophageal hernia defects and reduce local recurrences. To date there exists no large volume study assess outcomes of hiatus hernias repaired at the time of concomitant bariatric surgery, particularly with respect to the use of bioabsorbable tissue matrix.
Morbid obesity is associated with an increased rate of hiatal and paraesophageal hernias (PEH). Concomitant repair at the time of Roux-En-Y gastric bypass is technically feasible, safe, and lowers recurrence rates; however, the ideal operative management remains controversial. The use of reinforcing mesh may further lower recurrence rates in the bariatric patient population. The patient is a 49 year-old female with a history of morbid obesity (BMI 42) and long-standing reflux with dysphagia. Preoperative endoscopy was notable for esophagitis and a moderate-sized PEH.
We present a case series of late term hiatal hernias after gastric bypass, and discuss the common presentation and treatment.
Post-bariatric, de-novo hiatal hernias are associated with a cluster of symptoms including Bloating (nausea/vomiting), Abdominal pain, Regurgitation, and Food intolerance or dysphagia (BARF). Patients with this cluster are at risk mis-diagnosis, malnutrition and maladaptive eating.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in the morbidly obese population, and hiatal hernias are encountered in 20% to 52% of patients. Primary surgical repair of hiatal hernias, in particular the paraesophageal type, is associated with a higher recurrence rate in obese patients. Concomitant weight loss surgery may be advisable. Combined sleeve gastrectomy and paraesophageal hiatal hernia repair is feasible but can induce or worsen preexisting GERD. A Roux-en-Y gastric bypass offers advantages of more pronounced excess weight loss and better symptom control, albeit with a potentially higher rate of morbidity compa...
Paraesophageal hernias (PEH) are common among patients with obesity. Most patients with severe obesity and a PEH will have the PEH repaired at the time of bariatric surgery. However, it is unclear whether there is increased risk when repairing a PEH during bariatric surgery.