Interventions for primary vesicoureteric reflux.

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with no treatment, the use of long-term, low-dose antibiotics may make little or no difference to the number of repeat symptomatic and febrile UTIs in children with VUR (low certainty evidence). Considerable variation in the study designs and subsequent findings prevented drawing firm conclusions on efficacy of antibiotic treatment.The added benefit of surgical or endoscopic correction of VUR over antibiotic treatment alone remains unclear since few studies comparing the same treatment and with relevant clinical outcomes were available for analysis. PMID: 30784039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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Authors: Xu J, Wang X, Xiao H, Xu J Abstract BACKGROUND To determine the difference in size-specific dose estimates (SSDEs), separately based on effective diameter (deff) and water equivalent diameter (dw) of the central slice of the scan range in computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA). MATERIAL AND METHODS There were 134 patients who underwent CTCA examination, were electronically retrieved. SSDEs (SSDEdeff and SSDEdw) were calculated using 2 approaches: deff and dw. The median SSDEs and mean absolute relative difference of SSDEs were calculated. Linear regression model was used to assess the absolute rel...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
By scanning static, not moving, objects along both the horizontal and vertical axes instead of one, structured light illumination achieves ...
Source: Optics Letters - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
This study set out to bolster morphological and molecular datasets of marine gregarine apicomplexans. Gregarines were sampled from the Sea of Japan and Northwest Pacific from cirratuliform polychaetes (Acrocirridae, Cirratulidae, and Flabelligeridae), as well as sipunculids. Trophozoites (feeding stages) were gathered for identification using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Cells were also collected for molecular phylogenetic analysis using 18S rDNA and 28S rDNA. As a result, three new species of Selenidium, S. planusae n. sp., S. validusae n. sp., and S. pyroidea n. sp...
Source: Protist - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Anqi C, Takabatake K, Kawai H, Oo MW, Yoshida S, Fujii M, Omori H, Sukegawa S, Nakano K, Tsujigiwa H, Jinhua Z, Nagatsuka H Abstract The stroma affects the properties and dynamics of the tumor. Previous studies have demonstrated that bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) possess the capability of differentiating into stromal cells. However, the characteristics and roles of BMDCs in oral squamous cell carcinoma remain unclear. The current study therefore investigated their locations and features by tracing green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labeled BMDCs in a transplantation mouse model. After irradiation, BALB-c ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CMV infection was not associated with impaired long-term prognosis after HT. PMID: 31806387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Pablo García-Manrique, Noelia D. Machado, Mariana A. Fernández, María Carmen Blanco-López, María Matos, Gemma GutiérrezAbstractEncapsulation into nanocarriers, such as niosomes, is a promising way to protect them from degradation, and allow controll and target delivery of bioactive compounds. For biotechnological applications, a tight control of particle size with acceptable encapsulation efficiencies (EE) is a technological challenge, especially for hydrophilic compounds due ...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Polymer TestingAuthor(s): C. Mittermeier, A. LionAbstractInvestigations on industrial produced polyethylene terephthalate (PET) were carried out in the temperature range from the glassy to the liquid state. In differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) experiments, the sample passed through this temperature range several times at different speeds, interrupted by isothermal segments. Thereby the caloric behaviour observed in earlier publications could be confirmed. A closer look reveals variations in the behaviour, depending on the initial state of the sample. The therm...
Source: Polymer Testing - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Chaole Yun, Liwen Wang, Yang Zhou, Yingying Wang, Chen Li, Lili Liang, Xuegang LuoAbstractA novel flower-like photocatalyst BiOBr/NaCo2O4 nanocomposite was successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method. The as-obtained samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)Author(s): L. Martin-Villen, F. Cabeza-Cabeza, J.J. Egea-Guerrero
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Authors: Park HK, Lim SD, Kwon GY Abstract Objectives: Androgen receptor splice variants (AR-Vs), especially androgen receptor splice variant 7 (AR-V7), are considered as important factors in developing castration-resistance of prostate cancer and also as candidate predictive factors. Our aim was to evaluate changes in the mRNA expression of full-length AR (AR-FL) and AR-Vs in the primary prostate cancers from the same patients before and after ADT.Methods: We compared morphologic differences and evaluated AR-FL, AR-V7, AR-V4, ARv567es, AR-V3 and AR8 mRNA expression in matched samples of primary hormone-sensitive a...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
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