Pediatricians Advocating Breastfeeding: Let's Start with Supporting our Fellow Pediatricians First

Physician mothers have some of the highest rates of breastfeeding initiation; however, their rates of continuation of breastfeeding to 12 months of age drop substantially from 97% to 34%.1 Major barriers include difficulty finding time and a place to express their milk while at work, competing demands from work and family, as well as perceived lack of employer support.1,2 Less than one-third of physician mothers are able to reach their personal breastfeeding goal, with more than one-half stating that they would have breastfed longer if their “job had been more supportive.”3 Insufficient opportunities to express milk can not only lead to a physician mother not meeting her own lactation goals, but also to blocked ducts, mastitis, decreased milk supply, feelings of inadequacy, stress, and burnout.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

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Abstract Bovine mastitis is a disease with a multi-etiological nature, defined as an inflammation of the udder. The main treatment for mastitis is the administration of antibiotics - usually directly to the udder. There is an urgent need for novel therapies to treat and prevent the disease, given the widespread emergence of antibiotic resistance and concomitant problems in the treatment of human and animal infections. We provide an overview of treatments for bovine mastitis, with emphasis on probiotics, bacteriocins, bacteriophages (phages), and phage endolysins. Probiotics have in recent years proved to be partic...
Source: Critical Reviews in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Crit Rev Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2019Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Ashley Ceniceros, Benjamin Galen, Theresa MadalineAbstractA 32-year-old woman nonlactational woman with a nipple piercing and previous oral-to-breast contact presented with findings consistent with mastitis and abscess, however, the patient failed multiple courses of empiric antimicrobials. Needle aspiration was performed and the culture was positive for N. gonorrhoeae. She was successfully treated with intravenous ceftriaxone and transitioned to oral ciprofloxacin once susceptibilities were known.N. gonorrhoeae is an uncommon cause of nonlactational...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): S. Abureema, M. Deighton, N. MantriAbstractStreptococcus uberis is an important bovine mastitis pathogen, but not all isolates have equal capacity to cause disease. The aims of this study were to identify possible virulence-associated genes that could be used to identify isolates with enhanced virulence. DNA from a pool of putative commensals was subtracted from a clinical pool resulting in a set of DNA sequences (probes) that were enriched in the clinical mastitis group. The probes were hybridised with DNA from a collection 29 isolat...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Fernando N. Souza, Eduardo M.R. Sanchez, Alice M.M.P. Della Libera, Marcos B. Heinemann
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): M. Amadori, F. Addis, V. Bronzo, B. Castiglioni, P. Moroni, R. Piccinini
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study we developed an ELISA method which allows the quantification of bovine ITIH4 in serum and milk samples. Previously developed antibodies were used to perform the assay, including anti bovine ITIH4 polyclonal antibodies and a monoclonal antibody against pig ITIH4 that also recognizes the bovine homologous protein. The ELISA developed showed an adequate precision, with inter and intra- assay coefficients of variation lower than 10 % for serum and milk samples. The assay keeps linearity under dilution for both serum and milk samples. A good agreement was observed between the values measured by ELISA and radial im...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Bovine mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is extremely difficult to control and new methods for its prevention and management are required. Nasal vaccines may prevent initial bovine mastitis inf...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 171Author(s): T. Kanda, S. Tanaka, M. Suwanruengsri, E. Sukmawinata, R. Uemura, R. Yamaguchi, M. SueyoshiSummaryMycoplasma bovis is a microorganism associated with pneumonia, mastitis, arthritis and otitis media of cattle; however, there are no reports of this organism causing bovine endocarditis. Five adult cattle with endocarditis characterized by caseated lesions (diameter 5–12 cm) of the endocardial surface of the left atrium, but without lesions in heart valves or affecting the right side of the heart, were identified in slaughter...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
The presentation of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis can mimic breast cancer. Therefore, awareness of the condition is important for surgeons. The current series is the largest in a US population.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the immune-regulated gene correlative with mastitis were screened and identified by two stage association analysis via GWAS-2b-RADseq in Chinese Holstein cows. We have screened 10,058 high quality SNPs from 7,957,920 tags and calculated their allele frequencies. Twenty-seven significant SNPs were co-labeled in two GWAS analysis models (Bayesian (PG, PIC=0.1676; rs20438858, G>A, PIC=0.3366) were annotated to immune-regulated genes (PTK2B, SYK and TNFRSF21). Identified three SNPs are located in non-coding regions with low or moderate genetic polymorphisms. However, ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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