New Issue of NIAAA Spectrum is Now Available!

NIAAA Spectrum is the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism's (NIAAA) triannual webzine. With engaging feature articles, short news updates, and colorful graphics,  NIAAA Spectrum offers accessible and relevant information on NIAAA and the alcohol research field.The latest issue is now available.  In This IssueAdvances in Understanding and Addressing Underage Drinking
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Alla B. Mirgorodskaya, Rushana A. Kushnazarova, Svetlana S. Lukashenko, Lucia Ya. ZakharovaAbstractAggregation behavior of mixed micellar solutions and microemulsions based on cationic carbamate-bearing surfactants with hexadecyl hydrophobic group and nonionic surfactants (Tween 80, Tween 20, and Triton X 100) has been studied. Critical micelle concentrations have been determined at varying component ratios, which demonstrated a negative deviation of surfactant systems from ideal behavior (synergetic effect). The electrokinetic po...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Tina Hörbelt, Birgit Knebel, Pia Fahlbusch, David Barbosa, Daniella Herzfeld de Wiza, Frederique Van de Velde, Yves Van Nieuwenhove, Bruno Lapauw, G. Hege Thoresen, Hadi Al-Hasani, Dirk Müller-Wieland, D. Margriet Ouwens, Jorg KotzkaAbstractSecreted frizzled-related protein (sFRP) 4 is an adipokine with increased expression in white adipose tissue from obese subjects with type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Yet, it is unknown whether sFRP4 action contributes ...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: Regulatory Toxicology and PharmacologyAuthor(s): Dirk W. Lachenmeier, Stephan G. Walch, Jürgen Rehm
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Adenovirus‑mediated overexpression of bone morphogenetic protein‑9 promotes methionine choline deficiency‑induced non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis in non‑obese mice. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Jul 19;: Authors: Li Q, Liu B, Breitkopf-Heinlein K, Weng H, Jiang Q, Dong P, Dooley S, Xu K, Ding H Abstract Liver inflammation and macrophage infiltration are critical steps in the progression of non‑alcoholic fatty liver to the development of non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis. Bone morphogenetic protein‑9 is a cytokine involved in the regulation of chemokines and lipogenesis. However, the function of bone morp...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Ascorbic acid attenuates cell stress by activating the fibroblast growth factor 21/fibroblast growth factor receptor 2/adiponectin pathway in HepG2 cells. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Jul 02;: Authors: Gu X, Luo X, Wang Y, He Z, Li X, Wu K, Zhang Y, Yang Y, Ji J, Luo X Abstract Increasing prevalence of obesity‑induced non‑alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has been reported. Ascorbic acid (AA), also known as vitamin C, an excellent antioxidant, has been shown to exert beneficial effects on NAFLD; however, the underlying mechanisms are yet to be fully elu...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical EngineersAuthor(s): Shenhao Yuan, Xushuai Lv, Yiwei Zhang, Yangjin Wu, Chunfeng Mao, Yuming Zhou, Wenxia Chen, Yanyun WangAbstractA core-shell structure Au-based catalysts mSiO2/Au/Co3O4HS were successfully derived from in-situ growth ZIF-67 hollow spheres, which were synthesized by a one-step soft template method. The samples were characterized by SEM, TEM, EDX, XPS, XRD and BET to confirm its successful preparation and structural features. The catalytic performance of the catalysts were evaluated by liquid phase oxidation o...
Source: Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 379Author(s): Xiaofeng Pan, Qinhua Wang, Peng He, Kai Liu, Yonghao Ni, Lihui Chen, Xinhua Ouyang, Liulian Huang, Hongping Wang, Siying XuAbstractTo completely mimic the tactile sensing of natural skin, flexible conductive hydrogels (CHs) have been assembled into bionic skin. However, most CHs cannot perfectly rebuild the feeling of human skin due to their highly linear structure. In addition, CHs are difficult to meet the super-stretchable, rapid self-healing properties at the same time. Here, we innovatively incorporated a proanthocyanins/reduced...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 December 2019Source: Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 378Author(s): Baldassarre Venezia, Mark Douthwaite, Gaowei Wu, Meenakshisundaram Sankar, Peter Ellis, Graham J. Hutchings, Asterios GavriilidisAbstractA novel reactor that combines a catalyst slurry flowing inside a loop configuration, incorporating a tubular membrane (Teflon AF-2400) for controlled oxygen delivery was designed and employed for the aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol using a 1 wt% Au-Pd/TiO2 powdered catalyst. This reactor keeps the liquid phase saturated with oxygen, while avoiding the creation of bubbles in it, thus enhancin...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Smyth D, Hutchinson M, Searby A Abstract Nurses remain at the forefront of direct patient care due to the nature of their role; they are in a position to provide assessment, response and referral of individuals in healthcare settings with problematic alcohol and other drug (AOD) use. We aim to determine the AOD knowledge of nurses in a regional health district in Australia and the awareness of an AOD service operating in the clinical environment. We employed a cross-sectional online survey, with descriptive and correlational analysis performed to explore relations between knowledge and both assessment and ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Claire Boudinaud, Armand Abergel, Juliette Joubert-Zakeyh, Mikael Fontarensky, Bruno Pereira, Benoit Chauveau, Jean Marc Garcier, Pascal Chabrot, Louis Boyer, Benoît MagninAbstractPurposeGiven the growing prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome, the management of hepatic steatosis, especially its quantification, is a major issue. We assessed the quantification of liver steatosis using four different MR methods, in order to determine the one that is best correlated with the reference method which consists of histologica...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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