Bacterial endocarditis (Endocarditis) - High Yeild Topics For USMLE, 10 Points You Sh

Bacterial endocarditis (Endocarditis) - High Yeild Topics For USMLE, 10 Points You Should Know is a localized infection of the endocardium characterized by vegetations involving the valve leaflets or walls. It can also be classified as acute (ABE) or subacute (SBE). Infection of healthy valves by high-virulence organisms Produces metastatic foci Usually fatal if not treated within 6 weeks Most common organism is S. aureus (MCQ) Seeding of previously damaged valves (rheumatic heart disease, con- genital valve defects: mitral valve prolapse) caused by low-virulence organisms Does not produce metastatic foci Most common organism is Streptococcus viridans (MCQ) Mitral valve is most often affected(MCQ) Read more at news4medico dot com/endocarditis/ 1132 High Yeild Topics for USMLE
Source: New Media Medicine - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Monash Medical School Source Type: forums

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ConclusionsIn favor of AVr, good patient selection, amenable techniques for the suitable pathology will give a good target hence the aim of the work.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: EMBs are rarely performed in SLE. In this case series, nonspecific interstitial fibrosis and myocyte hypertrophy were the most common findings, suggesting EMBs have limited value in the diagnosis of cardiac involvement in SLE and rather rule out competing conditions. These data support the need for diagnostic methods with high sensitivity and specificity for SLE heart disease. PMID: 31924147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): I. Chamtouri, A. Farah, R. Khalifa, W. Jomaa, K. Ben Hamda, F. MaatoukIntroductionDespite the progress in diagnostic modalities and therapeutic strategies, Infective endocarditis remains a lethal disease especially in children.AimWe aimed to update current characteristics of infective endocarditis in children and to identify complications.Patients and methodsWe carried out in our department a retrospective study including 40 children diagnosed with infective endocarditis (IE) between 1983 and 2017.ResultsFort...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): A. Rique, P. Aldebert, E. Aries, M. Orabona, V. Fouilloux, C. Ovaert, F. El LoualiIntroductionInfective endocarditis (IE) in children is unfrequent but potentially serious. The aim of the present study was to describe our pediatric population and to highlight the differences with the adult population.MethodsIn this retrospective monocentric cohort, 52 consecutive children with IE were included between January, 2000 and May, 2018.ResultsThe median age was 9 [4-14] years. Thirty-two (61.5%) children had congeni...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): M. Selegny, S. Dirani, S. Cohen, F. Godart, I. Durand, P. Maragnes, B. Urbina-Hiel, E. Bourges-Petit, A. MathironBackgroundCongenital heart disease (CHD) represents a predisposing condition for the development of infective endocarditis (IE). In recent years, the reduction in the incidence of rheumatic heart disease, advances in cardiac surgery and the increased use of long-term central venous catheters (CVC) in subjects without CHD have changed significantly the epidemiology of the disease. We sought to evalu...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Echocardiography is an important diagnostic tool in modern-day cardiothoracic surgery. Its use is supported by guidelines published by the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology in 2014, which make a class 1 recommendation for the use of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in the evaluation of suspected valvular heart disease and infective endocarditis, as well as for the use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in patients whose TTE was nondiagnostic.1 This recommendation is consistent with the consensus that valvular lesions usually are visualized better on TEE, with the exception of the pulmonic...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pro and Con Source Type: research
This study shows that CA are released from periventricular and subpial regions to the cerebrospinal fluid and are present in the cervical lymph nodes, into which cerebrospinal fluid drains through the meningeal lymphatic system. We also show that CA can be phagocytosed by macrophages. We conclude that CA can act as containers that remove waste products from the brain and may be involved in a mechanism that cleans the brain. Moreover, we postulate that CA may contribute in some autoimmune brain diseases, exporting brain substances that interact with the immune system, and hypothesize that CA may contain brain markers that m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract BACKGROUND: Few studies with a large sample size have been performed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors and prognostic value of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with infective endocarditis (IE).Methods and Results:A total of 1,063 IE patients were included and 83 developed new AF. Compared with no-AF, the incidence of in-hospital death (6.0% vs. 22.9%, P
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Infective endocarditis caused by S. agalactiae is very rare, particularly in patients without underlying structural heart disease. This study showed that IE due to S. Agalactiae is a disease with high mortality when associated with neurological complication, heart failure but especially when it is recurrent and hits valve prosthesis.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in children with structurally normal hearts suspected of having infective endocarditis (IE). We hypothesized that the diagnostic yield of TTE is minimal in low-risk patients with normal hearts. We performed a retrospective chart review of TTEs performed for concern for endocarditis at a pediatric tertiary care referral center in Portland, Oregon. Three hundred patients met inclusion criteria (
Source: Mammalian Genome - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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