Bacterial endocarditis (Endocarditis) - High Yeild Topics For USMLE, 10 Points You Should Know

Bacterial endocarditis (Endocarditis) - High Yeild Topics For USMLE, 10 Points You Should Know is a localized infection of the endocardium characterized by vegetations involving the valve leaflets or walls. It can also be classified as acute (ABE) or subacute (SBE). Infection of healthy valves by high-virulence organisms Produces metastatic foci Usually fatal if not treated within 6 weeks Most common organism is S. aureus (MCQ) Seeding of previously damaged valves (rheumatic heart disease, con- genital valve defects: mitral valve prolapse) caused by low-virulence organisms Does not produce metastatic foci Most common organism is Streptococcus viridans (MCQ) Mitral valve is most often affected(MCQ) Read more at news4medico dot com/endocarditis/ 1132 High Yeild Topics for USMLE
Source: Doc2Doc BMJ Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: forums

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in children with structurally normal hearts suspected of having infective endocarditis (IE). We hypothesized that the diagnostic yield of TTE is minimal in low-risk patients with normal hearts. We performed a retrospective chart review of TTEs performed for concern for endocarditis at a pediatric tertiary care referral center in Portland, Oregon. Three hundred patients met inclusion criteria (
Source: Mammalian Genome - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: Parental knowledge was limited and fragmented. Further attention is required when transmitting information to parents, focusing on prevention strategies in order to guarantee the integral health of these children and adolescents.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento sobre higiene bucal, endocardite infecciosa, e profilaxia antibi ótica dos pais de crianças e adolescentes com cardiopatia congênita assistidas no Hospital Ana Nery, Salvador, Bahia. Métodos: Estudo transversal envolvendo 43 responsáveis de crianças e adolescentes de 2 a 16 anos, realizado através da...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
A new blood filtration technology may prove to be life-saving for patients whose normally healthy inflammatory response to injury or illness has gone into overdrive, resulting in fatally high levels of cytokines in their blood. In an interview with MD+DI, Dr. Phillip Chan, MD, PhD, CEO of CytoSorbents Corp., explained that inflammation, and the production of substances called cytokines that drive inflammation, are the body’s natural response to heal injury or infection. But sometimes, the inflammatory response is so severe in such conditions as sepsis and infection, burn injuries, trauma, pancreatitis, li...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Source Type: news
Genome studies of heart valve tissue (HVT) in patients with structural valvular heart disease (sVHD) and acute infective endocarditis (aIE) showed polymicrobial infections. Subject of this study is the quantification of bacterial DNA in HVT of sVHD in comparison to aIE. It will be examined whether the bacterial DNA concentration can be used as surrogate marker to differentiate chronic and acute infections. DNA was isolated from HVT of 100 patients with sVHD and 23 microbiologically positively tested patients with aIE.
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ADULT – Original Submission Source Type: research
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for valvular heart disease (VHD). Mitral annular and aortic valve calcifications are highly prevalent in CKD patients and commonly lead to valvular stenosis and regurgitation, as well as complications including conduction system abnormalities and endocarditis. VHD, especially mitral regurgitation and aortic stenosis, is associated with significantly reduced survival among CKD patients. Knowledge related to VHD in the general population is not always applicable to CKD patients because the pathophysiology may be different, and CKD patients have a high prevalence of comorbid...
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: KDIGO Executive Conclusions Source Type: research
Abstract Background and Objectives: Infective endocarditis in the pulmonary position is a rare disease. Isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis is extremely rare. The aim of our study was to assess patients who were treated surgically for pulmonary endocarditis at our institution from January 2003 to December 2017. Materials and Methods: We analyze eight cases of infectious endocarditis in pulmonary position out of 293 patients who were operated for infective endocarditis (2.7%, 8/293). Only two of these eight patients were not related to congenital heart malformation. They were followed for early and late mortality...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis showed good results in our center. The independent predictors of 30-day postoperative mortality for patients who underwent cardiac surgery for infective endocarditis were age, body mass index, ischemic heart disease, prolonged aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time, Staphylococcus aureus infection, paravalvular abscess, and septic or cardiogenic shock. PMID: 31480970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Perfusion - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of transthoracic echocardiography for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) to provide a basis for the better treatment of IE. From October 2016 to October 2018, 87 consecutive patients with IE at our hospital were selected for this study. All the patients were subjected to transthoracic echocardiography. The morphology, structure, activity, and closure of the patients’ heart valves were observed for vegetation identification, and the size, number, location, morphology, and echo intensity of vegetation, as well as degree of valve involvement, were determine...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Diagnostic Accuracy Study Source Type: research
We reported a 35-year-old woman with a single atrium, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary hypertension, and ES who developed infective endocarditis on her left ventricular outflow tract and complicated cerebral abscess and who underwent challenged medical treatment. Intervention: Infection was successfully controlled after 4-time change in antibiotics over 4 months. However, surgery is complicated for her. Outcomes: The patient presented a relatively good outcome during follow-up for>6 months. Lessons: This case report suggests that patients with complex CHD should accept surgery therapy earlier before deve...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
series:Cardiovascular MedicineThis book provides up-to-date and user-friendly guidance on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of heart and vascular disease. Chapters cover a broad range of issues related to valve disease, including rheumatic fever, aortic root dilatation, infective endocarditis, and heart disease in pregnancy. The physical examination of major valve lesions, imaging techniques, and choosing a balance ...
Source: Springer Medicine titles - Category: Databases & Libraries Tags: Cardiology Source Type: news
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