Body mass index and fatal stroke in young adults: a national study

This study aimed to determine the body mass index (BMI) of fatal stroke cases amongst young adults, their clinical characteristics and the association with BMI with risk factors. All cases aged 15-44 years where death was attributed to stroke for whom BMI was available were retrieved from the National Coronial Information System (1/1/2009-31/12/2016). 179 cases were identified: haemorrhagic (165), ischaemic (5), thrombotic (6), mycotic (3), embolic (0). Proportions in each BMI category were: underweight (5.6%), normal weight (37.4%), overweight (27.4%), obese (29.6%). There was a significant linear trend in the proportion of subarachnoid haemorrhages as BMI increased (p
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Gold PA, Garbarino L, Sodhi N, Barrack R, Springer BD, Mont MA Abstract The demographics of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients are changing. Individuals are more active, younger, and more obese. These changing demographics and a higher demand for longevity creates a new challenge for reliable and long-term implant fixation. Historically, cemented fixation has remained the gold standard, as cementless design and techniques from the 1980s and 1990s did not obtain long-term positive outcomes due to a failure of ingrowth onto the implants. Advances in the modern-day cementless TKA designs appear to have ov...
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
We report a 42-year old men who presented to our observation with acute tongue swelling and atrophy of left side of tongue from a hypoglossal nerve injury. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed a denervation of the left half of the tongue from a hypoglossal nerve injury due to left extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection, without evidence of ischemic stroke. The urine toxicology screen test revealed a positivity for cocaine. This case report suggest to perform in young patient a toxicological drug screening test in presence of ICA dissection with hypoglossal nerve injury and an acute tongue swelling. However ...
Source: Psychopharmacology Bulletin - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychopharmacol Bull Source Type: research
Authors: Rudy HL, Cho W, Oster BA, Tarpada SP, Moran-Atkin E Abstract Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: To determine the effects of massive weight loss on perioperative complications after lumbar fusion surgery (LFS). Overview of Literature: Patients who are obese are more likely to experience low back pain, which would require LFS. Nonetheless, they have a higher risk of perioperative complication development compared with individuals who are not obese. Methods: Patients who underwent LFS at hospitals that participated in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database withi...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
In the face of COVID-19, neurologists working in stroke, epilepsy, dementia, and other subspecialties are tasked with a quick pivot from in-office patient visits to a new era of online consultations.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Internal Medicine Headlines - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
A causal relationship between sleep disturbances and suicidal behavior has been previously reported. Insomnia and nightmares are considered as hallmarks of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In addition, patients with PTSD have an increased risk for sui...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
This study examines the interaction between three types of cyber IPA (cyber psy...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Andrew Stokes, Dielle J. Lundberg, Katherine Hempstead, Kaitlyn M. Berry, Joshua F. Baker, Samuel H. Preston
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
We present an up-to-date systematic review of the current literature regarding the safety in artificial and natural sweeteners use as a means of weight loss or diabetes control.Expert opinion: Natural sweeteners have not been associated directly with NAFLD, and on the contrary, some, such as stevia, and trehalose, may have a protective effect. Rare sugars and polyols can be used safely and have significant benefits that include anti-oxidant effect and optimal glycemic control. Artificial sweeteners, due to their effect on NAFLD development and insulin resistance, are not indicated in patients with obesity or diabetes. Furt...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
This study shows that ECE is a suitable dietary supplement candidate for the prevention or treatment of obesity or obesity-associated diseases, especially inflammation-related diseases. PMID: 32215011 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Serum GGT level was a significant predictor of subsequent risk of diabetes mellitus, which increased by 4% for every 1 IU/L increase in GGT when GGT was less than 24 IU/L. PMID: 32215009 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
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