Early functional outcomes following in-bore transrectal MR image-guided focal laser ablation for men with benign prostatic hyperplasia at one year.

CONCLUSION: MRI-guided FLA of BPH appears to offer rapid relief of symptoms while maintaining normal prostate and sexual function. PMID: 30754981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Radiologica - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Acta Radiol Source Type: research

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ConclusionsIPP with a T/H ratio ≤1.3 predicted the occurrence of post-procedure complications with urinary obstruction. A T/H ratio ≤1.3 but not the presence of IPP alone predicted the clinical outcome up to 12 months after PAE.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMRI lobar classification of BPH is a reproducible and reliable tool for research and clinical applications.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
To improve the detection of prostate cancer (PCa) by combining the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) and prostate-specific antigen–age volume (PSA–AV), especially among those in gray zone with PI-RADS v2 score 3 or serum total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) 4 to 10 ng/mL. The 357 patients were enrolled in this study. The PI-RADS v2 scoring system was used to represent characteristics on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI). PI-RADS v2 score 3 or tPSA 4 to 10 ng/mL were defined as the gray zone in detecting PCa. The formula equates to the patient age multiplie...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo determine the effects of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) on prostatic  elasticity as assessed by Ultrasound Elastography (US-E), as well as to describe the feasibility and role of US-E as a novel tool in both pre- and post-PAE evaluation.Materials and MethodsThis is a prospective, single-center investigation that included eight patients undergoing PAE for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) attributed to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Baseline and 3-month follow-up evaluations were performed and included prostate-specific antigen (PSA), uroflowmetry, pelvic magnetic resonance ima...
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: PAE is safe and effective in the management of symptomatic BPH. Patients with the highest baseline IPSS and reduction in prostate volume on first post-PAE MRI are likely to derive most benefit from embolisation. PMID: 30955835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Radiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: MRI-guided transperineal prostate biopsy is helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of prostatic disease.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Ma XZ, Lv K, Sheng JL, Yu YX, Pang PP, Xu MS, Wang SW Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) combined with quantitative analysis of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) for the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa). A total of 81 patients with prostatic diseases, including PCa (n=44) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH, n=37), were imaged with T1 weighted imaging (T1WI), T2 weighted imaging (T2WI), DWI and DCE-MRI. The blood vessel permeability parameters volume transfer rate constant (Ktrans), back flow rate constant (Kep), ex...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the quantitative T2 values in prostate tissue and evaluate them for detection and grading of prostate cancer. Materials and Methods After approval from the local ethics committee, morphological T2-weighted (T2w) images, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps from diffusion-weighted images, quantitative T2 maps, and calculated T2w images from 75 men (median age, 66.3 years; median PSA, 8.2 ng/mL) were acquired at 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Data were retrospectively evaluated for their distinction between prostate pathologies. Eight hundred fifty-seven area...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We report a case of prostatic urethral cancer confirmed by transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy because of an abnormal digital rectal exam. Patient concerns: A 55-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to lower urinary tract symptoms that lasted for 5 years. Diagnoses and Interventions: On digital rectal examination, a hard and enlarged prostate was detected. Computed tomography, bone scintigraphy, and magnetic resonance imaging indicated benign prostatic hyperplasia. The patient underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. From the histopathological examination and immunohistochemical mar...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: PAE reduced LUTS symptoms in most patients without severe complications. The treatment did not exclude additional surgical treatment when needed. PMID: 30450921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Radiologica - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Acta Radiol Source Type: research
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