Medical News Today: What causes cloudy urine?

Cloudy urine can result from many different issues, including dehydration, urinary tract infections, and kidney stones. Learn more about the causes and treatments here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Urology / Nephrology Source Type: news

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We present a case of 17-year old girl who was referred for metabolic evaluation of bilateral nephrocalcinosis. Physical examination showed signs of mild, left-sided hemihypertrophy involving the lower limb, buttock, trunk, face, and tongue. The imaging studies of kidneys including intravenous urography and contrast computed tomography showed numerous medullary calcification and a typical picture of MSK—“paint brush”/“bouquet of flowers” appearance of the dilated tubules within the renal medulla. Laboratory evaluation revealed sterile pyuria, hypercalciuria, and hypocitraturia. Intervention: ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Kidney stone disease afflicts approximately 1 in 11 Americans in their lifetime,1 similar to the prevalence of diabetes. Over the past few decades, disease prevalence has dramatically risen in all demographic groups, especially among women, children, and nonwhites.1,2 The clinical hallmark of kidney stone disease is severe pain from a symptomatic episode, to which all stone formers can invariably attest. Additional sequelae may include acute kidney injury, urinary tract infection, lower urinary tract symptoms, and, less often, progressive renal decline over time.
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Purpose of review To give an overview about state-of-the-art antibiotic prophylaxis in urolithasis therapy and focus on recent publications in this field. Recent findings The number of high-quality publications within the recent time is limited. Preoperative inflammatory blood parameters like C-reactive protein and erythrocyte-sedimentation rate might help in prediction of postoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). White blood cell count is nonpredictive for urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with acute renal colic. In patients with low risk for infec...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: FUTURE OF KIDNEY STONE MANAGEMENT: Edited by Arkadiusz Miernik Source Type: research
Authors: Szmigielska A, Pańczyk-Tomaszewska M, Borowiec M, Demkow U, Krzemień G Abstract The incidence of urolithiasis in infants is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical characteristics, nutrition, calcium, phosphate, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), alkaline phosphate, and parathyroid hormone in infants with urolithiasis. There were 32 infants (23 boys and 9 girls) of the mean age of 6.4 ± 3.7 months (range 2-12 months), with diagnosis of urolithiasis enrolled into the study. Boys were younger than girls (5.3 vs. 9.1 months, respectively; p 
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2018Source: Research in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Agnieszka Torzewska, Katarzyna Bednarska, Antoni RóżalskiAbstractInfectious urolithiasis is a consequence of long-standing urinary tract infections with urease-positive bacteria, especially Proteus spp. However, because of the often mixed nature of urinary tract infections, in the case of urinary stones formation, several species of bacteria may be involved in the process. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of the bacterial species: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Providencia stuartii, Pseudomonas...
Source: Research in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare form of chronic pyelonephritis in which the involved areas of the kidneys are destroyed and replaced by foam cells. It usually occurs in immunocompromised middle-aged females with ureteral obstruction or chronic urinary tract infection induced by the formation of renal stones. We herein report the case of a 44-year-old woman, with a history of left kidney staghorn calculi and recurrent urinary tract infections. Abdominal computed tomography showed the'bear paw'sign, typical appearance of XGP and patient underwent a nephrectomy with uneventful post-operative course.
Source: Journal of Radiology Case Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractAntepartum nephrolithiasis presents a complex clinical scenario which often requires an intervention such as ureteral stent or percutaneous nephrostomy tube (PCNT) placement, especially in the setting of urinary tract infection (UTI). We assess the risk of UTI and preterm labor in the setting of antepartum nephrolithiasis. A retrospective review of an administrative dataset for California and Florida was performed, which included pregnant women admitted for a delivery between 2008 and 2011. Antepartum nephrolithiasis admissions were identified, as were urological intervention (ureteral stent/ureteroscopy) or PCNT p...
Source: Urolithiasis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Unilateral renal unit urine sampling is safe and feasible. However, captured urine volumes are small and variable, but chemical analysis can still be performed. Unilateral defects in renal electrolyte handling are relatively common, but the clinical implications of these differences are still yet to be determined.
. PMID: 30369399 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
Conclusions: The frequency of urolithiasis in these pediatric patients was similar to that reported by the literature. A metabolic evaluation is required and the composition of stones should be better evaluated.
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
AbstractPatients presenting acutely with obstructing stones often have a ureteral stent placed as a temporizing solution. Ureteroscopy is then commonly performed in a staged fashion, but occasionally the stone is found to have passed. We aimed to identify the frequency and predictors of ureteral stone passage with a stent in place. Records were reviewed to identify patients who had a stent placed for a single ureteral stone. Subsequent ureteroscopy or CT scan was used to ascertain stone passage. Effect of age, gender, BMI, stone diameter, alpha blocker use, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis, and stent duration on sto...
Source: Urolithiasis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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