Behavior at Age 6 May Predict Adult Income

Boys with high levels of inattention later earned an average of about $17,000 less a year, while prosocial behaviors predicted higher incomes.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Education (K-12) Income Aggression (Behavior) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Psychology and Psychologists Source Type: news

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The risk of psychosis associated with use of amphetamine in youth for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is twice as high as that of methylphenidate, according to areport in theNew England Journal of Medicine.Both types of medication are commonly prescribed for ADHD. In 2007, the Food and Drug Administration mandated changes to the drug labels of stimulants because of the risk of psychosis associated with their use.“The risk of new-onset psychosis was approximately 1 in 660 patients who received a prescription for stimulants for ADHD, but the risk was about twice as high among patients who started amphet...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD amphetamine FDA methylphenidate NEJM risk of psychosis associated with stimulants Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings demonstrate SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts capsules can be swallowed whole with or without food or the capsule contents can be sprinkled on applesauce.
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, 214 patients aged 8 –15 years from an ADHD outpatient clinic were assessed, and 100 typically developing controls (TD) were recruited as comparisons. No psychiatric comorbidities except for oppositional defiant disorder were allowed. We compared 29 cases with ADHD + SCT with 34 ADHD-RI cases and 92 TD subjects o n sociodemographic profiles, CBCL subscales scores and neurocognitive findings. Regarding sociodemographic profiles (age, gender and parental education) and CBCL subscales, ADHD + SCT and ADHD-RI cases did not differ in any score (allp >  0.05)....
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study examined the psychometric properties, convergent validity, and divergent validity of a Japanese translation of Barkley (The Barkley adult ADHD rating scale –IV, Guilford Press, New York,2011) rating scale for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in adults. In total, 429 Japanese adults participated across three samples: 26 diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; ages 19 –50), 81 adults without ADHD (ages 22–65), and 322 university students (ages 18–27). All participants completed rating scales of SCT, ADHD, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. A subset of participa...
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study further revealed the association between immune factors and hyperactivity in SHR rats fed with high-dose taurine. A positive correlation was detected between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and horizontal locomotion in SHR rats fed with high-dose taurine. Significantly higher striatal Hsp27 and galectin-3 were detected in SHR rats fed with high-dose taurine. Significantly lower IL-2 and IL-6 were detected in SHR rats fed with high-dose taurine, whereas significantly higher IL-10 was detected. Significantly increased splenic CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells was detected in SHR rats fed with high-dose taurine with...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionCompared with girls in the general population, girls with epilepsy seem to be at a higher risk of being diagnosed with ADHD/ASD as the gender ratio is more equal. This could be related to differences in the assessment of CWE and/or a shared pathogenesis between psychiatric conditions and epilepsy.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: The Lancet NeurologyAuthor(s): Daniel Friedman, Jacqueline A French, Mauro MaccarroneSummaryIn the past two decades, there has been an increasing interest in the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids for neurological disorders such as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, pain, and neurodegenerative diseases. Cannabis-based treatments for pain and spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis have been approved in some countries. Randomised controlled trials of plant-derived cannabidiol for treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome, two severe childhood-onset ...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractChildren with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience high rates of temperamental negative affect and comorbid internalizing and externalizing pathology. The current study explored the role of emotion-specific regulation in accounting for the link between temperamental negative affect and psychopathology among children with ADHD. Forty parents of children ages 8 –11 (N  =29 males, N  =11 females) completed measures of child temperament, emotion-specific dysregulation (i.e., anger dysregulation, sadness dysregulation), and psychopathology. Children completed a measure of emotio...
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Condition:   Oral Manifestations Intervention:   Other: clinical examination Sponsor:   Cairo University Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractThere is sparse research on quality of life (QoL) as an outcome measure in patients with substance use disorders (SUD), with or without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate whether SUD patients with and without ADHD (SUD  + ADHD vs. SUD − ADHD) differed in QoL at baseline and at a 12-month follow-up after SUD treatment. The groups were additionally compared with data from a national population sample (NPS). From a sample of 16 SUD + ADHD and 87 SUD − ADHD patients originally recruited between 201 0 and 2012, eigh...
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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