Coeliac disease may be caused by a tummy bug in childhood, study claims

Experts now believe it is triggered by enterovirus, which strikes in childhood. They say this discovery could pave the way for a vaccine which could protect against coeliac disease.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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A New York county is banning children who have not been vaccinated against measles from visiting public places — the latest and most dramatic attempt to stop preventable measles outbreaks in communities across the country. Rockland County Executive Ed Day declared a state of emergency related to the measles outbreak and announced the public places ban during a press conference Tuesday, saying officials “will not sit idly by as children in our community are at risk.” The move follows previous attempts to limit Rockland’s ongoing measles outbreak, which as of March 21 totaled 151 confirmed cases in co...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized New York onetime public health Source Type: news
Conclusions: Bacteriophages offer feasible alternatives to antibiotics for eliminating enteric pathogens, confirmed here by the bacteriophage-targeted killing of S. flexneri. Furthermore, application of the organoid model has provided important insight into Shigella pathogenesis and bacteriophage-dependent intervention strategies. The screening platform described herein provides proof-of-concept analysis for the development of novel bacteriophage therapies to target antibiotic-resistant pathogens.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Liver involvement in celiac children is now less frequent than previously reported, possibly due to changing CD epidemiology. Younger age is the only risk factor. Associated autoimmune liver disease is rare.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Article: Gastroenterology: Celiac Disease Source Type: research
Objectives: Pancreatic insufficiency in children is usually associated with diseases such as cystic fibrosis, Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, or chronic pancreatitis. Fecal elastase-1 is a reliable laboratory test for the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). Transient pancreatic insufficiency has been rarely described and data on this entity are lacking in the medical literature. In this retrospective study we report 17 cases of transient pancreatic insufficiency presented mainly with failure to thrive and/or diarrhea. Methods: We followed 43 children (age range 1 month–18 years) with low fecal elas...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Pancreatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsEfforts are needed to improve attitudes, implement information and motivate students in the correct and routine use of infection control measures, with all infection control protocols already implemented in dental schools, the challenge remains on improving compliance with infection control recommendations.
Source: The Saudi Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Leduc C, Quoix E Abstract Antigen-specific immunotherapy also known as cancer vaccination offers a novel approach for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer patients. It relies on specific priming of the immune system in order to provoke or increase adaptive antitumor immune response against the vaccine component. Several molecules have been developed in lung cancer, based on whole-tumor cells, dendritic cells, peptides, recombinant proteins, or viral vectors. The aim of this review is to describe the mechanism of action of these vaccines and the results of the main clinical studies. PMID: 3090244...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- A higher frequency of enterovirus infections in early childhood is associated with an increased risk for developing celiac disease, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the The BMJ. Christian R. Kahrs, M.D.,...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Source: BMJ - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Early childhood infection with enterovirus – but not adenovirus – linked to later coeliac disease Related items fromOnMedica Probiotics in newborns might lower diabetes risk Women less likely than men to achieve CHD targets Send children with suspected diabetes to hospital immediately, GPs urged Scans show severe brain damage in Zika-affected babies Many overweight teens don ’t realise they’re too heavy
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
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