Teen cannabis use linked to higher risk of adolescent depression
Teenagers who use cannabis have a higher risk of developing depression and suicidal thoughts as young adults and should be made aware of those risks by parents and doctors, scientists said on Wednesday.
CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that childhood traumatic events not only have effects on emotion regulation and the development of sense of identity, but also may be associated with self harm behaviours in the later stages of life. For prevention studies, enhancing parenting skills and raising community awareness to this issue would be beneficial. PMID: 30887477 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS:: Elevated rates of nonsuicide external-cause mortality in the critical period within 30 to 90 days after discharge from inpatient mental health care suggest important opportunities for prevention. Greater mortality among patients with dementia or related neurodegenerative diseases raises questions regarding current strategies for managing behavioral symptoms and transitions to end-of-life care. PMID: 30890049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The study underscores the relevance of country-level factors in the study of mental health problems. The lower mental disorder prevalence in more vulnerable countries implies that living in such countries fosters protective factors that more than compensate for the limitations in professional healthcare capacity.Declaration of interestNone. PMID: 30890196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The current study assessed associations of clinical characteristics and all-cause mortality among a cohort of Veterans initiating pain services. Analyses were also stratified by age to examine potential variations. Demographic (male, age), medical comorbidities (diabetes, myocardial infarction, chronic pulmonary conditions, cancer, renal disease, liver disease), pain characteristics (pain intensity, opioid analgesic prescription), and mental health characteristics (depression, opioid use disorder, opioid poisoning/suicide attempts) were extracted from Veterans Health Administration records.
Prolonged negative affect significantly impacts the quality of life for patients suffering from pain. These maladaptive emotional states can lead to severe depression, suicide, involuntary opioid overdose, and related neuropsychiatric comorbidities. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell, which integrates both the aversive and rewarding valence of stimuli, exhibits allostatic changes in the presence of pain. In discrete regions of this structure, activation of the kappa opioid receptor (KOR), either by dynorphin, its endogenous agonist, or pharmacological ligands, acutely decreases the reinforcing properties of rewards and indu...
Aug 26 - 29, 2019. . Sponsored by U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Anxiety, history of suicidal ideation/behavior, being white associated with higher risk for events
Over the years, the stigma surrounding mental illness has significantly decreased. One of the biggest reasons? Mental health advocates. These are the individuals who tirelessly share their stories in all sorts of ways. They remind us that we’re not alone in our struggles—and there is real, tangible hope and healing. They shatter stereotypes and myths about mental illness, helping the public see that people with mental illness are just people. As Jennifer Marshall said, “By showing the world that we’re your neighbor, your family members, your friends, and we are not only surviving with these condi...
ConclusionsIncreases in real minimum wages have been associated with slower growth in state suicide rates in recent years. Increasing the minimum wage could represent a strategy for addressing increases in suicide rates.
This study found that age (18–66 vs ≥ 76 years: OR = 3.300, P