A New Generation Plant For The Conventional Cuisine: Quinoa (Chenopodium Quinoa Willd.)

Publication date: Available online 11 February 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Aybuke Ceyhun Sezgin, Nevin SanlierAbstractBackgroundThe quinoa herb belongs to the family of Chenopodiaceae where spinach and beet are also found. It is a kind of herb that is native to South America and there are about 250 kinds of Chenopodium species worldwide. It is considered a sacred herb by humans due to the high level of protein in its composition and its content of essential amino acids in a balanced manner. In addition, due to the fact that quinoa has a high value of energy and nutrients and because of its therapeutic properties as well as the absence of gluten in it, it is thought to be beneficial for consumers like children, elderly people, high performance athletes, individuals with lactose intolerance, women with a tendency to osteoporosis and those in a risk group such as anemia, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity or celiac disease. The useage of quinoa as a main ingredient in salads and meatball and the useage of which in preparation of pastries such as cakes, cookies, etc., dietary meals, and various foods have increased the demand for it within the gastronomy field.Scope and approachThe present review reports the general characteristics of quinoa, its composition, its impact on health, its use in the food industry and gastronomy.Keys findings and conclusionsQuinoa, which does not include gluten and has a perfect content of food quality, is a good alternat...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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ConclusionThese results clearly demonstrated the lignans from Schisandra sphenanthera exert hepatoprotective effects against LCA-induced cholestasis by activation of PXR. These lignans may provide an effective approach for the prevention and treatment of cholestatic liver injury.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur experimental findings offer a promising prospect for the use of HCY2 in the management of obesity through the regulation of AMPK/PGC1 pathways.Graphical Abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
DiscussionWe estimated higher risks of ALL in the offspring of women with pregestational diabetes. These results are consistent with previous findings and compatible with a role of prenatal glycaemic environment in childhood cancer aetiology.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Anjali Takke, Pravin ShendeAbstractMost of the herbal origin drugs possess water insoluble active constituents which lower the bioavailability and increase systemic clearance after administration of repeated or higher dose of drug. Silymarin is extracted from the seeds and fruits of milk thistle plant Silybum marianum which consists of main biologically active component as silibinin. However, the clinical applications of silibinin show some limitations due to low aqueous solubility, poor penetration into the ...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Materials Chemistry and PhysicsAuthor(s): Tzu-Ting Chou, Rui-Wen Song, Hao Chen, Jenq-Gong DuhAbstractThe collapse-free joints were successfully built under a low reflowing temperature of 185°C via using the Sn-Ag-Cu(-Ni)/Sn-Bi hybrid solders. Such a structure with middle and low melting points solders could prevent the infrastructure of 3D packages from collapse caused by overweight of stacked dies on substrates. Furthermore, a low bonding temperature could reduce the consumption of thermal budget during chip fabrication. By introducing Ni-doped Sn-Ag-Cu solder, t...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Our results confirm that OMT alleviates transdifferentiation of cardiac fibroblasts to myofibroblasts induced by aldosterone via activating the Nrf2/Keap1 pathway in vitro. PMID: 31325292 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Arbutin protects HK-2 cells against high glucose-induced apoptosis and autophagy by up-regulating microRNA-27a. Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec;47(1):2940-2947 Authors: Lv L, Zhang J, Tian F, Li X, Li D, Yu X Abstract Arbutin (ARB) has been widely used in skin pigmentation disorders. Nevertheless, the involvements of ARB in diabetic nephropathy (DN) are still unknown. We investigated the functions of ARB in high glucose (HG)-induced cell apoptosis and autophagy in HK-2 cells. Cell viability was examined through CCK-8 in HK-2 cells after disposal with 45 mM glucose and ARB (10-50&th...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
This study investigated the prevalence of depression and explored fatigue, QOL, and pain that is associated with depression in patients on first admission to a hematologic oncology unit. METHODS: This descriptive study measured depression, QOL, and fatigue with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT)-General, and the FACT-Anemia scale, respectively. Pain levels were examined with a numeric rating scale. FINDINGS: 58 patients participated; 17 reported moderate to severe depression, which highly correlated with fatigue, QOL, and pain. Among all factors, multivariate an...
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
The objective was therefore to assess insulin and amino acid responses following intake of a high protein meal in healthy horses and those with EMS. Six mature horses diagnosed with EMS and six age-matched control horses without EMS were used. Horses were fed 2 g/kg body mass (BM) of a high protein pellet (31% crude protein) at time 0 and 30 min, for a total of 4 g/kg BM, following an overnight fast. Blood samples collected during a 4 h period were analysed for plasma glucose, insulin, amino acids and urea concentrations.Glucose concentrations were not different between groups (P =&thinsp...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Tina Hörbelt, Birgit Knebel, Pia Fahlbusch, David Barbosa, Daniella Herzfeld de Wiza, Frederique Van de Velde, Yves Van Nieuwenhove, Bruno Lapauw, G. Hege Thoresen, Hadi Al-Hasani, Dirk Müller-Wieland, D. Margriet Ouwens, Jorg KotzkaAbstractSecreted frizzled-related protein (sFRP) 4 is an adipokine with increased expression in white adipose tissue from obese subjects with type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Yet, it is unknown whether sFRP4 action contributes ...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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