5 Things That Surprised Bill and Melinda Gates Last Year

Every year since 2009, Bill and Melinda Gates have written a letter about the issues and innovations most striking to them. The goal is to bring important global issues to people’s attention so that more minds can work to create solutions and improve life for everyone on the planet. Their newly released 2019 letter, which is themed “We Didn’t See This Coming,” includes examples of cutting-edge technology — like self-contained toilets that don’t require connection to a sewage system — as well as efforts to address social challenges like domestic violence. “Bill and I travel a lot locally and globally, together and often separately,” Melinda Gates tells TIME. “What we wrote in this year’s letter are things that when we come [together] after traveling separately, we describe to one another.” Here are five of the nine innovations and issues highlighted in this year’s letter from Bill and Melinda Gates. Low-tech violence prevention One initiative that caught the Gateses’ attention this year is a school- and neighborhood-based behavior program called Becoming a Man, which helps young men in high-crime areas learn skills for avoiding violence and controlling potentially dangerous impulses. Programs like this, says Bill — who participated in one in Chicago — show the power of even low-tech solutions like teaching basic coping skills in changing people’s lives. Studies of the program...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized public health Source Type: news

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This study captured the attention of the lay press that subsequently reported the commitment to active management at the University of Iowa and highlighted the case of a healthy outcome of an infant born at 22 weeks of gestation at that center (Belluck P. Premature babies may survive at 22 weeks if treated, study finds.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
(Link ö ping University) Following a premature birth it is important that the parents and the infant quickly establish a good relationship. Researchers at Link ö ping University have studied the relationship between mothers and infants who have continuous skin-to-skin contact during the entire period from birth to discharge from the hospital. The results show that continuous skin-to-skin contact does not lead to better interaction between the mother and the infant. The study is published in the scientific journal Advances in Neonatal Care.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Rzońca The aim of the study was to present characteristics of patients transported in incubators by crews of Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) and Emergency Medical Service (EMS) of the Polish Medical Air Rescue as well as the character of their missions. The study was based on the method of retrospective analysis of neonatal transports with the use of transport incubators by the crews of HEMS and EMS of the Polish Medical Air Rescue. The study covered 436 medical and rescue transports of premature babies and full-term newborns in the period between January 2012 and December 2018. The study group consiste...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Chances are you know someone who was born prematurely. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the rate of preterm births is going up. Last year, one in 10 American babies was born before 37 weeks gestation. Author Sarah DiGregorio ("Early: An Intimate History of Premature Birth and What It Teaches Us About Being Human") talks about one of the biggest public health threats facing this country.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
One in 10 births in this country is premature, one of the highest rates in the industrialized world; author Sarah DiGregorio says we must do better
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
(RMIT University) A new therapy being developed by a group of researchers from across the globe aims to see if stem cells can be used to regenerate the brain damage caused by premature birth. This brain damage is called 'encephalopathy of prematurity' (EOP). The European research project, which is called PREMSTEM, has received € 9M in funding from the European Union's prestigious Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusions: Brazil has an increasing tendency for cleft lip and/or cleft palate (p=0.019), reinforcing the need to strengthen health care networks, providing adequate support for newborn with cleft lip and/or cleft palate and their families.Resumo Objetivos: analisar a tend ência e os fatores associados à presença de fissura labial e/ou fenda palatina em recém-nascidos brasileiros, a fim de verificar possíveis associações da mesma com fatores maternos, assistenciais e do recém-nascido. Métodos: estudo transversal, ecológico, envolvendo todos os nasciment...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
In conclusion, differences in incidence and spectrum of full-term and premature births we obtained in NICU will provide diagnostic guidelines and therapeutic clues of neonatal IEMs for pediatricians.
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Prolonged neonatal oxygen exposure causes persistent aortic structural and biomechanical alterations, which was even more pronounced after recovery in normoxia. This was accompanied by a marked impairment in left ventricular function. These findings have important implications as it suggests that premature babies exposed to oxygen may be predisposed to vascular dysfunction, leading to increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. As this affected population begins to age, there will be a critical need to identify the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms for these vascular morbidities in preterm survivors. Abs...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Regardless of COS protocols, FET could be performed immediately after a freeze-all strategy for delaying FET failed to improve reproductive and neonatal outcomes. PMID: 31924215 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
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