Smoking Among Teens Has Stopped Declining. And Vaping Is to Blame, Officials Say

(NEW YORK) — Cigarette smoking rates have stopped falling among U.S. kids, and health officials believe youth vaping is responsible. For decades, the percentage of high school and middle school students who smoked cigarettes had been declining fairly steadily. For the past three years, it has flattened, according to new numbers released Monday. There may be several reasons, but a recent boom in vaping is the most likely explanation, said Brian King of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “We were making progress, and now you have the introduction of a product that is heavily popular among youth that has completely erased that progress,” King said. The CDC findings come from a national survey conducted last spring of more than 20,000 middle and high school students. It asked if they had used any tobacco products in the previous month. Some of the findings had been released before, including the boom in vaping. Experts attribute the vaping increase to the exploding popularity of newer versions of e-cigarettes, like those by Juul Labs Inc. of San Francisco. The products resemble computer flash drives, can be recharged in USB ports and can be used discreetly — including in school bathrooms and even in classrooms. According to the new CDC data, about 8 percent of high schoolers said they had recently smoked cigarettes in 2018, and about 2 percent of middle schoolers did. Those findings were about the same seen in similar surveys in 2016 and 2017...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime Smoking Source Type: news

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We examined the effectiveness of integrated stepped alcohol treatment (ISAT) on alcohol use and HIV outcomes among patients living with HIV and alcohol use disorder.MethodsIn this multisite, randomised controlled trial, conducted in five Veterans Affairs-based HIV clinics in the USA (Atlanta, GA; Brooklyn-Manhattan, NY; Dallas and Houston, TX; and Washington, DC), we recruited people living with HIV and an alcohol use disorder who were not otherwise receiving formal alcohol treatment. Patients were eligible if they were aged 18 years or older, HIV positive, English speaking, and met criteria for alcohol use disorder by the...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): James J. Prisciandaro, Joseph P. Schacht, Andrew P. Prescot, Helena M. Brenner, Perry F. Renshaw, Truman R. Brown, Raymond F. AntonAbstractAlthough the neurotransmitters/modulators glutamate and, more recently, glycine have been implicated in the development and maintenance of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) in preclinical research, human proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) studies have focused solely on the measurement of glutamate. The purpose of the present analysis was to examine the relative associations of brain glutamate and ...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
They say cleaning is detoxing – it’s not, but it was part of my recovery from addictionIf you ’ve ever done a real detox off drugs and alcohol to get clean, the whole notion of cleaning your flat as a way to some sort of psychological Nirvana seems suspect. Yet this is exactly what the new cleaning gurus, likeMarie Kondo,Mrs Hinch (2.4m Instagram fans and counting) and Lynsey “Queen of Clean” Crombie, would have us believe.They say that chucking everything out and sterilising what is left is a way to put order back into our messy lives. An abundance of videos featuring confessional cleaning tu...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Life and style Psychology Science Health & wellbeing Source Type: news
This study uses the case of MAT to propose a new category of stigma: “intervention stigma.” Unlike “condition stigmas” that mark individuals due to diagnosis, intervention stigma marks patients and health professionals due to involvement with a medical treatment or other form of intervention. In-depth interviews with 47 addiction treatment professionals explore how individuals working in MAT experience discrimination and prejudice from other healthcare professionals, especially abstinent treatment professionals who disagree with the use of medications to treat opioid use disorders. This discriminati...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The rise of the more potent fentanyl in its place has put a generation of older users, who had managed their addiction, at far greater risk of overdose.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Drug Abuse and Traffic Heroin Fentanyl Deaths (Fatalities) Blacks Baltimore (Md) Opioids and Opiates your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news
Conclusions:Although women do not constitute a signifcant part of substance abuse, increasing trend of women addiction, on one hand, and high prevalence of risk factors related to HIV or hepatitis in women, on the other hand; show that offcials and experts are required to seriously consider prevention and harm reduction programs for women.Keywords:Addicted women, addictive, behavior, methadone maintenance treatment, methadone,substance abuse, substance ‑related disorders
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ZzzQuil is an over-the-counter medication for treating short-term sleeping difficulties. However, ZzzQuil is not suitable for younger children, and people with certain medical conditions should speak to a doctor before using it. At the recommended dosage, ZzzQuil is not addictive. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Sleep / Sleep Disorders / Insomnia Source Type: news
Read the latest on deep brain stimulation for addiction treatment, machine learning to predict cardiovascular events, and unusual eyelash growth after cancer treatment.Medscape
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care Article Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): DongBack Seo, Soumya RayAbstractHabit and addiction are two distinct drivers of information technology (IT) use that nonetheless bear increasing resemblance in how they are conceptualized and modeled in the information systems (IS) literature. The purpose of this study is to aid the further growth of these heretofore-independent streams of research by developing a comparative framework that allows us to distinguish between them. Drawing on the theories of automaticity and incentive-sensitization, we developed a theoretical model tha...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
May 22, 2019. . Sponsored by Mountain Plains Addiction Technology Transfer Center Network (HHS Region 8), University of North Dakota Center for Rural Health, University of North Dakota School of Medicine&Health Sciences
Source: Rural events via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: events
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