Early Identification of Autism Early Identification of Autism

New data from CDC show some gaps and delays in identifying autism and getting kids into early intervention.CDC Expert Commentary
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics Commentary Source Type: news

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ABSTRACT: Objective: To improve access to diagnostic evaluations for children younger than 3 years with concerns for possible autism spectrum disorder. Methods: A multidisciplinary “arena model” for children younger than 3 years was developed, tested, and implemented over an approximately 2-year period. Arena assessment teams comprised a developmental behavioral pediatrician (DBP), psychologist, and speech language pathologist (SLP). Quality improvement methods were used during the design phase, conducting Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles and collecting feedback from key stakeholders, and during implement...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Quality Matters Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Objective: The primary objective of this study was to describe analgesia administration between neurotypical (NT) individuals and those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosed with appendicitis or long bone fractures in the emergency department (ED). A secondary objective was to compare the rates of complicated appendicitis as a proxy for delayed diagnosis between the groups. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study using the Pediatric Health Information System database. Study participants were children aged 6 to 18 years with ASD and with an ED visit for appendicitis or fracture between 2004 an...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
CASE: Thomas is a 12-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder who presents to his primary care clinician with symptoms of worsening mood in the last 3 months. On review of his last school testing, his cognitive abilities are found to be within the average range, with a relative vulnerability with his processing speed. He can speak in sentences to communicate and answer questions, but he rarely picks up on conversational bids. He has had difficulties developing friendships and often prefers to play by himself. Thomas has a long history of some features of anxiety and depression for which it was recommended that he esta...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 89Author(s): Abigail M.A. Love, Michael D. Toland, Ellen L. Usher, Jonathan M. Campbell, Amy D. SpriggsAbstractCurrently, 1 in 68 children in the U.S. is diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; Centers for Disease Control &Prevention, 2015) and this growing population of learners has been noted as one of the most challenging groups to teach. Teacher self-efficacy, the belief teachers hold about their instructional capabilities, has been shown to differ according to contextual factors, such as the type of students teachers face. The ...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
ConclusionCompared with girls in the general population, girls with epilepsy seem to be at a higher risk of being diagnosed with ADHD/ASD as the gender ratio is more equal. This could be related to differences in the assessment of CWE and/or a shared pathogenesis between psychiatric conditions and epilepsy.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
The objective of this study was to establish a rat cooperation assay which fits the feasibility and capacity requirements of drug development.MethodsLong-Evans and Lister Hooded rats were trained in pairs to simultaneously perform nose-pokes (within 1 s) for reward in a Skinner box equipped with two nose-poke modules. Conditioning took place first with naive-naive pairs, then with naive-experienced and finally with experienced-experienced pairs, when the task was familiar for both rats. In a control experiment, experienced Lister-hooded pairs were tested under the learnt schedule but without the possibility to communicat...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
I pause for a moment and close my eyes— to center myself in this country, where I am today.    I am about to walk through the door and tell the parents what my assessment has shown. I nod to the interpreter waiting behind me and knock firmly before entering the room.  You see, I […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Neurology Pediatrics Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 23 March 2019Source: Developmental Cognitive NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Charlotte DiStefano, Damla Senturk, Shafali Spurling JesteAbstract25% of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remain minimally verbal (MV), despite intervention. Electroencephalography can reveal neural mechanisms underlying language impairment in ASD, potentially improving our ability to predict language outcomes and target interventions. Verbal (V) and MV children with ASD, along with an age-matched typically developing (TD) group participated in a semantic congruence ERP paradigm, during which pictures were dis...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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