Study: Mammograms helped prevent half a million deaths in last 30 years

Researchers say the wide availability of mammography since the mid-1980s, as well as improvements to treatment, have prevented thousands of breast cancer deaths.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONSThe main conclusion is that novice students do not seem to be able to accurately detect breast masses in a clinical setting even after training. On the basis of these results, we believe that a comprehension component in the current CBE testing is needed in addition to the current methods of testing. PMID: 31104050 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Work - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Work Source Type: research
This study aims at developing algorithms which improve accuracy of computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) for analyzing breast abnormalities on ipsilateral views. The proposed system is a fusion of single and two view systems. Single view approach detects and characterizes suspicious lesions on craniocaudal (CC) and medio-lateral oblique (MLO) view separately using geometric and textural features. Lesions detected on each view are paired with potential lesions on another view. The proposed algorithm computes the correspondence score of each lesion pair. Single view information is fused with two views correspondence score to discr...
Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Abstract Body size in adolescence has been inversely associated with benign breast disease(BBD) and breast cancer risk, but little is known about the impact of growth in infancy and childhood. Using prospective data from the Early Determinants of Mammographic Density(EDMD) study (1959-2008, n=1121), we examined the associations between maternal body size, birth size and infant and early childhood growth during three time periods(0-4 months, 4-12 months, and 1-4 years) and BBD using multivariable logistic regression with generalized estimating equations. 197 women(17.6%) reported receiving a diagnosis of BBD by a p...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Mammography is the optimal tool to mitigate breast cancer morbidity and mortality; however, in many healthcare settings, mammography adherence rates are decreasing. OBJECTIVES: This nurse-led quality improvement project was conducted to improve patient adherence to annual mammography screening. METHODS: Data collection included clinical information from the electronic health record, chart reviews, tracking documentation used by the clinic's social worker, interviews with staff, observation of the clinical setting, creation of a process flow map to identify barriers, and identificatio...
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
Conclusion: Combining imaging biomarkers such as the mammographic appearance of the tumor with the histopathologic distribution and basal phenotype, accurately predicted long-term risk of breast cancer death. The information may be relevant for determining the need for molecular testing, planning treatment, and determining the most appropriate clinical surveillance schedule for breast cancer patients. PMID: 31093281 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
Breast cancer screening mammography is widespread in industrialised countries within the framework of public health program or opportunist form. Only few data exist on the comparison of effectiveness between o...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewBreast cancer is the most common cancer among females in developed countries. Strategies such as early detection by breast cancer screening can reduce the burden of disease but have disadvantages including overdiagnosis and increased cost. Stratification of women according to the risk of developing breast cancer, based on genetic and lifestyle risk factors, could improve risk-reduction and screening strategies by targeting those most likely to benefit.Recent FindingsBreast cancer risk is partly determined by genetic factors including rare pathogenic variants in susceptibility genes and common low-r...
Source: Current Genetic Medicine Reports - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study examines the interplay between complex multimorbidity, age, and subjective assessments of health and longevity for screening mammography receipt. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: This cross-sectional study uses self-reported data from 8,938 women over the age of 52 in the 2012 Health and Retirement Study. Logistic regression models estimated the association between women's complex multimorbidity (co-occurrence of chronic conditions, functional limitations, and/or geriatric syndromes), subjective health and longevity assessments, age, and screening mammography in the 2 years before the interview. These associatio...
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Journal of the American College of RadiologyAuthor(s): Diego López, Efrén J. Flores, Randy C. Miles, Gary Wang, McKinley Glover, Jo-Anne Shepard, Constance D. Lehman, Anand K. NarayanAbstractPurposeMillions of women undergo mammography screening each year, presenting an opportunity for radiologists to identify women eligible for lung cancer screening with low-dose chest CT (LCS) and smoking cessation counseling. The purpose of our study was to estimate the proportion of women eligible for LCS and tobacco cessation counseling among women reporting mammograp...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Journal of the American College of RadiologyAuthor(s): Geunwon Kim, Jordana Phillips, Elodia Cole, Alexander Brook, Tejas Mehta, Priscilla Slanetz, Michael D.C. Fishman, Evguenia Karimova, Rashmi Mehta, Parisa Lotfi, Nancy Resteghini, Sean Raj, Vandana DialaniAbstractPurposeTo perform a pilot evaluation of contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) for screening to determine whether it can improve accuracy and reader confidence in diagnosis.Methods and MaterialsThis institutional review board–approved reader study was comprised of 64 de-identified CEM cases acquired from...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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