Decontamination of the mouth or digestive tract was not linked to reductions in drug-resistant bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit

Decontamination strategies to remove potentially harmful bacteria from the mouth, throat and gut of critically ill patients don't reduce the risk of intensive care unit-acquired bloodstream infections or deaths from bacteria that were resistant to antibiotics.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): J.M. González, T. Navarro, D. Lacasta, J.J. Ramos, L.M. Ferrer, N.G.C. Vasileiou, M. de las HerasABSTRACTVaccination programs against Ovine Respiratory Complex (ORC) in lambs should be accompanied by non-specific preventive measure, e.g., establishment of proper management and husbandry conditions. Implementing a vaccination plan against ORC requires: involvement of all farm staff, recording data, a positive cost:benefit analysis and continuous monitoring over time. Licensed vaccines for sheep are only against Mannheimia haemoly...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Juan Pablo Ek-Huchim, Isabel Jiménez-García, Rossanna Rodríguez-CanulAbstractMonogeneans Gyrodactylus von Nordmann 1832, cause outbreaks of gyrodactylosis in aquaculture settings worldwide. Detection of Gyrodactylus spp. is based on the morphological identification of isolated parasites after fish necropsy. Contributing to the diagnosis of gyrodactylosis, in this study, a non-destructive PCR assay was standardized; the PCR was first performed using genomic DNA of Gyrodactylus spp. isolated from the surface of the N...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Milan Obradovic, J. Alex Pasternak, Siew Hon Ng, Brenda Allan, Robert Brownlie, Heather L. WilsonAbstractLawsonia intracellularis is an obligate intracellular microorganism and the causative agent of porcine proliferative enteropathy. Due to its obligate intracellular nature, characterization of antigens and proteins involved in host-pathogen interaction and immune recognition have been difficult to achieve using conventional microbiological techniques. In this work, we used 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with Western-immuno...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Tereza C. Cardoso, Lucas H. Okamura, Jamila C. Baptistella, Ana Carolina Borsanelli, Lillian Baptistiolli, Helena L. Ferreira, Roberto Gameiro, Eduardo F. Flores
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, we describe the results of surveillance for psittacid herpesviruses (PsHVs), psittacine adenovirus (PsAdV), BFDV and C. psittaci in wild cacatuids in Victoria, Australia. Samples were collected from 55 birds of four species, and tested using genus or family-wide polymerase chain reaction methods coupled with sequencing and phylogenetic analyses for detection and identification of known and novel pathogens. There were no clinically observed signs of illness in most of the live birds in this study (96.3%; n = 53). Beak and Feather Disease Virus was detected with a prevalence of 69.6% (95% CI 55.2...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study evaluated and compared infrared thermography (IRT) and rectal temperature (RT) as screening tests to identify sick transition dairy cows. Holstein cows (n = 72; 42 primiparous) had RT and IRT temperatures taken daily from 1 to 12 days in milk (DIM). Health examinations were performed daily to diagnose retained fetal membrane, milk fever and metritis, and blood was analyzed for β-hydroxybutyrate at 6 and 9 DIM to diagnose ketosis. Plasma concentrations of cortisol, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor α and serum amyloid A at 3, 6, 9 and 12 DIM were included as additional indicators of illness. C...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study demonstrates that intramuscular clodronic acid can be useful for lameness reduction in some horses with navicular syndrome.
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate risk factors for canine obesity in adult companion dogs across Zealand, Denmark.Client-owned dogs (>2 years of age and without chronic illness) were recruited and examined at eight companion animal veterinary practices in areas with varying socio-economic characteristics. The body condition score (BCS) of the dogs was examined by two investigators based on a 9-point scoring scheme. Dog owners answered a questionnaire that had prompts regarding: 1) dog characteristics, including neuter status, 2) owner characteristics, 3) feeding and exercise practices and 4) the owners’ attachment t...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicated that migraine was associated with increased incidence of infantile colic history, but TTH incidence was not relevant with the incidence of infantile colic history. PMID: 31316683 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Conclusion: The effects of a stimulator using LIPUS with TENS on pain relief and functional improvement were not superior to the only TENS therapy. Cartilage regeneration, which was expected as an additional benefit of LIPUS, was also not significantly evident. Therefore, further investigation is warranted to determine whether the combination therapy is beneficial. This trial is registered with KCT0003883. PMID: 31316682 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
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