Type 2 Diabetes Self-Management in Non-Hispanic Black Men: a Current State of the Literature

This article discusses the state of type 2 diabetes (T2D) self-management research on non-Hispanic Black men with a focus on their knowledge of diabetes, factors that impact T2D self-management and intervention research that specifically targets non-Hispanic Black men with T2D.Recent FindingsStudies on T2D knowledge and barriers and facilitators to T2D self-management in non-Hispanic Black men are limited to small qualitative focus group and in-depth interviews. To date, few T2D interventions for non-Hispanic Black men have been developed and tested.SummaryResearch shows that non-Hispanic Black men ’s knowledge of T2D may be less than optimal compared to non-Hispanic white men. Factors that influence T2D self-management in non-Hispanic Black men include gender-related values and beliefs, and a range of other psychosocial (e.g., social support) and structural (e.g., access to health care) fac tors. Interventions with gender-specific programming may show promise. More studies with larger sample sizes and longitudinal designs are needed to develop programming to effectively target this at-risk population.
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The large, sustained improvements in weight and diabetes observed in this self-selected sample of surgically treated participants are consistent with results of multiple randomized trials. PMID: 30900413 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Elderly patients with diabetes have been shown to have more diabetes-related complications, and they are more likely to develop somatic and psychiatric comorbidities including cognitive dysfunction and depression. Several studi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
We examined the interactions of metformin and sitagliptin treatment with the JAK2/STAT3 pathway and cardiac remodeling. A T2DM rat model was induced by high fat diet/streptozotocin (HFD/STZ) and treated with metformin, sitagliptin (10 mg/d or 20 mg/d) or a placebo. Cell inflammation markers, cardiac remodeling and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were evaluated. We observed an activated inflammation reaction as well as activation of the JAK2/STAT3 thought-out the experiment in the simple HFD group only in the early stage of the disease (until week 9). JAK2/STAT3 activity showed a phasic peculiarity as increased inflammation was obs...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
This study defines a new clinically relevant concept of T-cell senescence-mediated inflammatory responses in the pathophysiology of abnormal glucose homeostasis. We also found that T-cell senescence is associated with systemic inflammation and alters hepatic glucose homeostasis. The rational modulation of T-cell senescence would be a promising avenue for the treatment or prevention of diabetes. Intron Retention via Alternative Splicing as a Signature of Aging https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/03/intron-retention-via-alternative-splicing-as-a-signature-of-aging/ In recent years researchers have inv...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, ultrasound coupled with subcritical water (USW) technology was employed to extract S. platensis protein, and its inhibitory effect on three enzymes (α-amylase, α-glucosidase and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-IV)) was evaluated. Subsequently, using insulin resistant-HepG2 cell model, the data presented that the USW-extracted protein significantly (p 
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effect of trehalose on the development of NASH in the Tsumura Suzuki Obese Diabetes (TSOD) mouse, a metabolic syndrome model characterized by obesity, type 2 diabetes, and NASH. We found that trehalose intake markedly inhibited histopathological features of NASH, particularly hepatic steatosis and liver cell injury, in TSOD mice. Trehalose intake attenuated increase in mesenteric adipose tissue weight, impaired glucose tolerance, and iron deposition in the duodenum, suggesting that trehalose prevents insulin resistance and iron absorption in TSOD mice. These findings indicate that trehalo...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 56Author(s): Mengting Wang, Jing Jiang, Jinhu Tian, Shiguo Chen, Xingqian Ye, Yaqin Hu, Jianchu ChenAbstractα-Glucosidase is a key enzyme related to starch digestion and type-2 diabetes. In the present study, the inhibition effect and the underlying mechanism of Chinese bayberry leaves proanthocyanidins (BLPs) on α-glucosidase were investigated by enzyme kinetic analysis, multi-spectroscopy and molecular docking simulation. The results revealed that BLPs was a high potential noncompetitive-type inhibitor of α-glucosidase with the half m...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
TYPE 2 diabetes is common in the UK and can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. While limiting certain foods is one way to control the condition, evidence has also shown a certain spice to be effective.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
TYPE 2 diabetes is common in the UK and can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. While limiting certain foods is one way to control the condition, evidence has also shown a certain spice to be effective.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
We describe the compositional complexity of HDL particles beyond their cholesterol cargo and focus on their role in lipid transport. We discuss the evidence regarding novel HDL functions, including effects on glucose metabolism, and speculate on the implications for type 2 diabetes. HDL cholesterol is an imperfect biomarker of a highly complex and multifunctional lipid transport system, and we should now consider how new HDL markers more causally linked to cardiovascular complications could be adapted for clinical use. In the absence of a superior alternative, HDL cholesterol generally has value as a component of primary c...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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