Community-based Tuberculosis Tracing and Preventive Therapy

Condition:   Tuberculosis Intervention:   Other: Screening and initiating preventive therapy in communities Sponsors:   Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation;   Epicentre;   University of Sheffield;   Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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AbstractThis paper presents a probable case of subligamentous tuberculous spondylitis (STBS), a rare form of extra ‐pulmonary tuberculosis, diagnosed in the skeleton of a middle‐aged male discovered in the ossuary of the Franciscan crypt of the St. Anthony and St. Eusebius church, which lies in north‐western Italy. The skeleton can be dated back between the 17th‐19th centuries. This rare type of tubercul osis was identified in the thoracic and lumbar spine, with no further evidences at the level of the cranial and other postcranial bones. The concomitance of osteoclastic and osteoblastic activities, scalloping, rea...
Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology - Category: Science Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study demonstrates that ESAT6 bound with TLR2 can activate iNOS/NO and ROS signalings to reduce the trimethylation of H3K27 resulting in the increment of EMMMs expression that is beneficial to the transition of macrophages into epithelioid macrophages. However, hypoxia can inhibit this transition event. This study has provided new evidence of pathogenesis of granuloma caused by Mtb and also proposed new ideas for the treatment of TB.
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Bilateral lung parenchymal involvement is seen in infective as well as noninfective conditions, appearing as focal or diffuse lung disease. PET/CT with FDG helps in characterization (increased glucose utilization is seen by both inflammatory and neoplastic cells). In this article, we describe the spectrum of patterns of FDG uptake and associated CT changes involving bilateral lung parenchyma. Benign conditions described are aspiration pneumonia; pulmonary toxicity by bleomycin; infections, namely, sarcoidosis, miliary pulmonary tuberculosis, and pulmonary nocardiosis; and inflammatory conditions such as pulmonary Langerhan...
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: During the last century, AADRs among males declined more slowly than among females. Although the gap diminished in recent decades, exploration of social and behavioral factors may inform interventions that could further reduce death rates among males. PMID: 31804898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Cerrone M, Bracchi M, Wasserman S, Pozniak A, Meintjes G, Cohen K, Wilkinson RJ Abstract Introduction: Antiretroviral and anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs are often co-administered in people living with HIV (PLWH). Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during TB treatment improves survival in patients with advanced HIV disease. However, safety concerns related to clinically significant changes in drug exposure resulting from drug-drug interactions, development of overlapping toxicities and specific challenges related to co-administration during pregnancy represent barriers to successful combined tre...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1202Author(s): Jamelah S. Al-Otaibi, Y. Sheena Mary, Stevan Armaković, Renjith ThomasAbstractThree cocrystals of pyrazinamide (PYZ) with 2,4-dihydroxy benzoic acid (2,4HBA-PYZ), 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,6HBA-PYZ) and 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (3,5HBA-PYZ) are investigated by computational simulations. DFT calculations have been performed in order to understand the reactive properties of molecules that constitute the cocrystals. These calculations were followed by symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SAPT) simulations to understand the in...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study we analysed the clinical profile of meningoencephalitis and its clinical outcome. METHODS: Fifty adults diagnosed with meningoencephalitis from July 2014 to July 2015 in a tertiary care hospital in South India were studied prospectively and their clinical presentation, aetiology and outcome were analysed. RESULTS: Among 50 patients, 33 (66%) were male; 39 (78%) were
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
Conclusions: AEs were common, but not more frequent or severe among MDR-TB/HIV co-infected participants receiving concurrent antiretroviral therapy. Given the favorable treatment outcomes associated with concurrent treatment, antiretroviral therapy initiation should not be delayed in MDR-TB patients with HIV-coinfection.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
In conclusion, upgrading the Sinan-TB database through integration with other information systems improved the data's quality for decision-making on TB control. PMID: 31800783 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
Mycobacterium smegmatis is a saprophytic bacterium frequently used as a genetic surrogate to study pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The PrrAB two-component genetic regulatory system is essential in M. tuber...
Source: BMC Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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