AHA News: Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Deadliest Type of Stroke

FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 (American Heart Association News) -- The risk of a type of stroke that causes bleeding in the brain is higher among women during pregnancy and in the weeks following delivery, new research finds. While studies have shown that...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions In recent years, there have been many advances in the understanding of the molecular basis for vascular involvement in APS, but many areas need to be further investigated, in particular the association between altered genetic/epigenetic profiles, autoantibodies and clinical manifestations, and the effectiveness of new therapeutic strategies. It would be interesting to apply next generation sequencing technologies like RNA-Seq along with GWAS to screen both, the gene profile and the whole transcriptome of large cohorts of primary APS patients, in order to reveal the mutations/polymorphisms, post-transcriptiona...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In ischemic stroke or TIA patients with platelet count within normal range, platelet count may be a qualified predictor for long-term recurrent stroke, mortality, and poor functional outcome. Introduction Platelets exert a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic complications of cardio-cerebrovascular disease, contributing to thrombus formation, and embolism (1, 2). Previous literature reported that platelets of various size and density are produced by megakaryocytes of different size and stages of maturation in different clinical conditions, suggesting various platelet patterns in differen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS:Clinical and molecular characterization of the first 5 Hungarian cases with ADAMTS13 mutations was presented. Compound heterozygous, damaging ADAMTS13 mutations with deficient plasma ADAMTS13 activity were associated with serious clinical consequences. In case of thrombotic microangiopathy in young patients with stroke, or HELLP syndrome, complete workup for ADAMTS13 activity and inhibitors is necessary, and genetic analysis should be considered. Three new ADAMTS13 mutations (c.1016_1017delCA, c.3199T>A , c.2839C>T) were identified and shown to be associated with decreased plasma ADAMTS13 activity.Disclos...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 311. Disorders of Platelet Number or Function Source Type: research
Introduction: Cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of stroke and is more likely to affect young adults and children. Women have a three-fold increased risk compared to men, owing to gender specific factors such as oral contraceptive use (OCP), pregnancy, and hormone replacement therapies. The presenting symptoms of CVT are non-specific and include headache, seizure, focal neurological deficits, or coma as the most severe presentation. The rarity and variable symptoms of the disease leads to delayed diagnosis and implementation of treatment. With improved imaging techniques and increased awareness in recent y...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Poster II Source Type: research
BackgroundPatients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) may be at increased risk of thromboembolism related to different causes, including the use of thrombopoietin receptor agonists and splenectomy. Patients with ITP who develop coronary artery disease (CAD) can be a further challenge given their risk of both thromboembolism and bleeding, which may significantly increase the risk of mortality and length of stay (LOS) compared to patients who do not have ITP. We aimed to study the impact of ITP in hospital outcomes of patients with CAD.MethodsWe utilized the National Inpatient Sample database from years 2009 - 2011. We selec...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 903. Outcomes Research-Non-Malignant Hematology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTreatment with warfarin or aspirin both lead to similar outcomes after surgical bAVR. Combining aspirin with warfarin may lead to a small decrease in thromboembolism and mortality but is accompanied by increased bleeding. For TAVR patients, aspirin is equivalent to DAPT for reducing thromboembolism and mortality, with a possible decrease in bleeding.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Update: A new guideline from the World Health Organization (WHO) aims to help reduce steadily rising rates of caesarean sections around the globe. While crucial at times for medical reasons, Cesarean births are associated with short-term and long-risks health risks for women and babies that may extend for years. In June 2018, Serena Williams told Vanity Fair about her journey to motherhood, including the story of how she nearly died a few days after giving birth. In September, Beyoncé punctuated her Vogue cover with the story of how she developed a life-threatening pregnancy condition called pre...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Health trends Pregnancy Women's Health Source Type: blogs
We present a 37-year-old female in the first trimester that developed recurrent proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion after previous thrombolysis and underwent MT via transradial access.
Source: World Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsProphylactic arch replacement during aortic root and ascending aortic surgery in patients with bicuspid aortic valve is not supported. Our data do not support long-term surveillance of the rest of the aorta in this population.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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