A clinical and pathophysiological approach to traumatic brain injury-induced pituitary dysfunction

ConclusionThe underlying pathophysiology responsible for post-TBI pituitary dysfunction is not clear. The main proposed mechanisms are vascular injury, direct traumatic injury to the pituitary gland, genetic susceptibility, autoimmunity, and transient medication effects.
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Discussion The negative effect of poverty and toxic stress on children born preterm, as depicted by the eco-bio-developmental model, is supported by this analysis. Healthcare providers are encouraged to address the tripartite vulnerability resulting from prematurity, poverty, and toxic stress.
Source: Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research
I would like to thank the guest editors for this excellent review. They not only deal with the challenging scenario of assessing medical impairment but also take us through the labyrinth of decision-making strategies, dealing with known and less obvious consequences. Disability in our society is reaching epidemic proportions, costing the taxpayer billions of dollars, much of which is attributed to musculoskeletal and neurologic conditions. It becomes paramount for our medical specialty to remain current in an effort to appropriately assess impairments and their subsequent impact on not only the individual but also our society.
Source: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Foreword Source Type: research
The worldwide increase in temperature has resulted in a marked increase in heat waves (heat extremes) that carries a markedly increased risk for morbidity and mortality. The kidney has a unique role not only in protecting the host from heat and dehydration but also is an important site of heat-associated disease. Here we review the potential impact of global warming and heat extremes on kidney diseases. High temperatures can result in increased core temperatures, dehydration, and blood hyperosmolality. Heatstroke (both clinical and subclinical whole-body hyperthermia) may have a major role in causing both acute kidney dise...
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
P Sai Kiranmayee, Viswanath KalluriIndian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(6):726-731 Many of the causes of childhood blindness are avoidable, being either preventable or treatable. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remains one of the most preventable causes of childhood blindness worldwide. Currently, India is facing the third epidemic of ROP. In India, the health system involving the mother and child health services needs to be strengthened with a policy to cover the existing inadequacies in neonatal care and implementation of program covering newborn, especially premature. The access, availability, and affordability of ...
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
Day two of APA ’s Annual Meeting included an address by psychiatrist and incoming AMA President Patrice Harris, M.D., to APA’s Board of Trustees; a discussion of the challenges that international medical graduate students face; and a recommendation that psychiatrists consider ways their own mindfulness could b enefit their patients.Through May 22,Psychiatric News will deliver an evening digest of important highlights from the meeting.Incoming AMA President and Former APA Board Member Lays Out Plans for Presidential YearPsychiatrist Patrice Harris, M.D., told trustees that the integration of mental health and ge...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ACA AMA brain injury childhood trauma depression disability discrimination history track IMGs mindfulness neurobiology obesity Patrice Harris PTSD research TBI Valerie Jarrett Source Type: research
Authors: You EL, Henry M, Zeitouni AG Abstract Oropharyngeal cancer (opc) has become the leading site for human papillomavirus (hpv)-associated cancers in humans. It is an epidemic that remains relatively unfamiliar to most physicians, potentially delaying diagnosis and treatment. Traditionally, cancers involving the head and neck have occurred in smokers and in those with a significant alcohol history. Typically, hpv-positive opc presents in a younger, healthier population with a different set of risk factors and good prognosis for survival. However, many head-and-neck cancer patients, including those with hpv-pos...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
Readers in some of the 22 states where measles have been diagnosed this year discuss how the fear of catching the disease is affecting their daily lives.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Measles Epidemics Vaccination and Immunization Disabilities Source Type: news
This study confirms that only 2% of admissions were prepared by the cantons and that the revised law did not affect the length of hospitalization (41).The 1991 Swedish law on Psychiatric Compulsory Care established mandatory criteria for involuntary treatment: the establishment of a severe mental disorder, an absolute (essential) need for care, the patient refuses or cannot make a full judgment on the need for care, and there is a risk of harming themselves or others due to the severe mental disorder (42, 43). A decision on admission for compulsory care may not be taken without a medical certificate by a doctor in public s...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Miriam Gensowski, Torben Heien Nielsen, Nete Munk Nielsen, Maya Rossin-Slater, Miriam WüstAbstractThis paper examines the long-term effects of childhood disability on individuals’ educational and occupational choices, late-career labor market participation, and mortality. We merge medical records on children hospitalized with poliomyelitis during the 1952 Danish epidemic to census and administrative data, and exploit quasi-random variation in paralysis incidence in this population. While childhood disability increases t...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results indicate similar prevalence rates of comorbid psychiatric symptoms to studies carried out in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and relatively high attendance and referral rates to psychiatric services.Implications: The results shed light on the clinical profile of patients in this region and support the need for integrated collaborative medical services. Moreover, findings have important implications for health care policies pertaining to resource distribution and funding.IntroductionMedical care has traditionally been dominated by a separation between disciplines catering to physiologi...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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