Pain Catastrophizing and Function In Individuals With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Discussion: Despite the very low quality of the available evidence, the general consistency of the findings highlights the potential role that PC may play in delaying recovery from CMP. Research that uses higher quality study designs and procedures would allow for more definitive conclusions regarding the impact of PC on pain and function.
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

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AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of chronic pain and disability. Regenerative therapies using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) provide an option for OA treatment as it could potentially regenerate the damaged cartilage. Bone marrow, adipose tissue and synovium are common MSC sources. The aim is to compare the therapeutic effect of MSCs from bone marrow, adipose tissue and synovium; combining its differentiation potential and accessibility, to decide the optimal source of MSCs for the treatment of knee OA. A comparison of preclinical and clinical studies using MSCs has been made with regard to treatment outcomes, ...
Source: Cell and Tissue Research - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Study Design. A cross-sectional study. Objective. The aim of this study was to describe multi-dimensional profiles for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and to examine the associations between CLBP-related disability and individual, psychosocial and physical factors in a Saudi population. Summary of Background Data. CLBP-related disability is a multidimensional phenomenon. There is growing interest in exploring factors associated with CLBP-related disability in Saudi Arabia but research is limited in comparison to other countries. Methods. Participants completed questionnaires covering demographics, pain ...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusion. A successful translation and adaptation of the Hindi version of FABQ is reported in this study. The three-factored FABQ-H exhibited satisfactory construct validity, test–retest reliability, and internal consistency. Based on findings of this study, the FABQ-H can be implemented in Hindi-speaking patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Jnl Wrist Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692476 Background Volar dislocations of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) are rare and often missed during initial evaluation. Chronic dislocations and disability can occur when DRUJ dislocations are unrecognized and not reduced. DRUJ dislocations often occur with other wrist injuries, which may complicate reduction. Closed reduction can fail to reduce DRUJ dislocations, in which case open reduction is necessary. Case Description This case describes a patient who had a volar dislocation of the DRUJ with an associated dorsal distal radius fracture dislocation. Initial att...
Source: Journal of Wrist Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Authors: Stanton R, Rosenbaum S, Rebar A, Happell B Abstract The association between psychotic illness and poor physical health is now clearly articulated in the literature. By contrast the impact of depression and/or anxiety on physical health is considerably less understood, despite depression being the leading cause of disability worldwide and is associated with significantly higher prevalence of physical comorbidities than found in the general population. An Australia national cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of chronic physical health conditions in persons with,...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The lumbar lordosis index, but not the sacral horizontal angle, was significantly associated with CLBP in the subjects. PMID: 31282399 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A combination of SDT with CSE has proven to be more significant when compared with CSE alone to reduce pain and disability in subjects with chronic LDP. PMID: 31282394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusion: Themes were largely interrelated and, together, build a picture of how levels of perceived social unacceptability of pain symptoms can impact on the emotional state and self-image of those with chronic pain. As such, pain-invalidation may potentially impede help-seeking or the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Pain-invalidation can occur at the level of the self, social others, or healthcare professionals. Pain-invalidation can arise through a lack of understanding by others in the social network about having chronic pain. Pain-invalidation may be a barrier to seeking t...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Objectives: The present study’s objective was to understand the causal mechanisms underpinning the recovery of individuals with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). We applied Bayesian Networks (BN) to answer 2 study aims: (1) to identify the causal mechanism(s) of recovery underpinning neck-specific exercise (NSE), and (2) quantify if the cyclical pathway of the fear-avoidance model (FAM) is supported by the present data. Materials and Methods: We analyzed a prospective cohort data set of 216 individuals with chronic WAD. Fifteen variables were used to build a BN model: treatment group (NSE with or without a be...
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In this study, we identify a link between members of the genus Veillonella and exercise performance. We observed an increase in Veillonella relative abundance in marathon runners postmarathon and isolated a strain of Veillonella atypica from stool samples. Inoculation of this strain into mice significantly increased exhaustive treadmill run time. Veillonella utilize lactate as their sole carbon source, which prompted us to perform a shotgun metagenomic analysis in a cohort of elite athletes, finding that every gene in a major pathway metabolizing lactate to propionate is at higher relative abundance postexercise. Us...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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