AI can predict breast cancer molecular subtypes on MRI

Can an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm identify the molecular subtype...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Russian AI detects lung cancer on CT in 20 seconds AI can detect, localize fractures on wrist x-rays AI reveals cause of transient ischemic attack symptoms Breast MRI effective as adjunct to DBT in high-risk women AI uses features outside nodules to predict malignancy
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Our findings identify PTC-209 as a promising anticancer agent for the treatment of solid tumors either alone and/or in combination with the standard cytotoxic drugs cisplatin and camptothecin and the natural product Frondoside-A.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We described myelosuppressive chemotherapy changes by febrile neutropenia (FN) risk category (high, i ntermediate, unclassified), PP-CSF use, and, in the first cycle of myelosuppressive chemotherapy, neutropenia-related hospitalization (ICD-9-CM: 288.0X, first 5 positions). We evaluated hospitalization trends using a logistic regression model with spline curve of calendar year adjusting for baseline characteristics.ResultsAnnual cohorts included 1451 –2114 eligible patients for 1995–2007 and 5272–7603 for 2008–2015. Myelosuppressive chemotherapy use with high/intermediate FN risk increased from 31% ...
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Lactic acidosis, glucose deprivation and hypoxia are conditions frequently found in solid tumors because, among other reasons, tumors switch to Warburg effect and secrete high levels of lactate, which decreases the pH (
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Postmenopausal women with high/increasing ET are at increased risk of breast, ovarian and lung cancer. It is important that clinicians are aware of these risks as TVS is a common investigation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31614036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Abstract AP-1 is a dimeric complex that is composed of JUN, FOS, ATF and MAF protein families. FOS-related antigen 1 (FRA1) which encoded by FOSL1 gene, belongs to the FOS protein family, and mainly forms an AP-1 complex with the protein of the JUN family to exert an effect. Regulation of FRA1 occurs at levels of transcription and post-translational modification, and phosphorylation is the major post-translational modification. FRA1 is mainly regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway and is degraded by ubiquitin-independent proteasomes. FRA1 can affect biological functions, such as tumor...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaselisib in combination with a taxane has a challenging safety profile. Despite evidence of antitumor activity, the benefit –risk profile was deemed not advantageous. Further development is not planned.
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Liposomal drug delivery system of LPV has potential to deliver skin to the systemic circulation and useful for treating cancer. PMID: 31593534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Infect Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Abstract Coronin-3 (coronin-1C), a homotrimer F-actin-binding protein, has been reported to be important for metastasis in several types of cancers such as lung cancer, gastric cancer, and breast cancer. Here, we present an investigation of the expression and function of coronin-3 in renal cell cancer for the first time. We also confirmed that miR-26 directly targets coronin-3 and down-regulates its expression by western blot assay and dual-luciferase reporter system. The results of MTT and colony formation assay showed that miR-26 suppressed cell proliferation. Wound healing and transwell assay revealed that miR-...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Mol Cell Biochem Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough LM arising from gynecological cancers is considered rare, identification of LM may be important to predict prognosis and develop new therapeutic strategies.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn conclusion, this meta-analysis of randomized, controlled phase II trials do not support clinical benefits of metformin added to systemic anticancer therapy in patients with advanced or metastatic cancer. However, further investigations including well-designed phase III trials are needed to resolve the issues (dose of metformin, treatment setting, particular cancer type, or immunomodulatory effect) on the addition of metformin to systemic anticancer therapy.Legal entity responsible for the studyJung Han Kim.FundingHas not received any funding.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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