Profiles of Emotion Regulation in Young People Accessing Youth Mental Health and Drug Treatment

AbstractDeficits regulating emotions are a core process underlying both substance use and mental health disorders. Research has focused on identifying one-to-one associations between individual emotion regulation (ER) strategies and mental health symptoms. Consequently, little is known about how patterns of ER relate to a broad range of psychopathology, in treatment seeking young people. Latent class analysis was used to examine patterns of ER strategies and their relationship with symptoms of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance use and borderline personality disorder, in a sample of young treatment seekers. Participants were young people (N = 306,M = 20.8 years) accessing youth advocacy and support or mental health services in Australia. Participants recalled an emotionally-arousing event experienced when on their own and indicated their use of 14 possible ER responses in an online questionnaire. Symptoms of mental health and substance u se were measured. The LCA identified three distinct classes of ER responses:Ruminators/avoiders (n = 76),active regulators (n = 81), andlow regulators (n = 129). Theruminators/avoiders endorsed the most severe symptom picture across all disorders except alcohol use. Within this cohort, distinct patterns of ER responding had unique relationships with symptoms of psychopathology. The deleterious impact of heightened maladaptive ER strategies (rumination and...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Gyöngyi Kökönyei1,2,3*, Natália Kocsel1,2,3,4, Orsolya Király1, Mark D. Griffiths5, Attila Galambos1,2,4, Anna Magi1,4, Borbála Paksi6 and Zsolt Demetrovics11 Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary2SE-NAP2 Genetic Brain Imaging Migraine Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary3Department of Pharmacodynamics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary4Doctoral School of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary5Psychology Department, Not...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study, therefore, compares reappraisal of negative, positive, neutral, and alcohol-related images at a behavioral and neural level between ADPs and healthy controls (HCs).Thirty-nine ADPs and 39 age-, gender-, and education-matched HCs performed an emotion reappraisal task during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and craving was measured before and after the reappraisal task. During the emotion reappraisal task, participants were instructed to either attend or reappraise positive, negative, neutral, or alcohol-related images, and to indicate their experienced emotion on a visual analogue scale (VAS).Both A...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest the importance of evaluating and treating co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders in the treatment of injection drug users with opioid dependence. PMID: 30332349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
Conclusion We must take steps to recognize psychological trauma among our partners and ourselves, establish a supportive culture of understanding and help seeking, and realize that we are ineffective in caring for others if we do not first help ourselves. Highly effective treatments are available. References Boffa JW, Stanley IH1, Hom MA. PTSD symptoms and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among firefighters. J Psychiatr Res. 2017;84:277­–283. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (Sept. 4, 2014.) Substance use and mental health estimates from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and He...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Exclusive Articles Resiliency Operations Source Type: news
As a relatively new and still poorly recognized concept, few people come to therapy identifying as suffering from Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD). As a rule, a diagnosis of C-PTSD comes only after the process of self-discovery in therapy has begun. When people suffering from C-PTSD are referred to a therapist, or decide to seek help for themselves, it is usually because they are seeking help for one of its symptoms, including dissociative episodes, problems forming relationships, and alcohol or substance abuse. One of the more common issues that leads to the discovery of C-PTSD is the presence of an eating ...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Anorexia Binge Eating Bulimia Eating Disorders Loneliness Psychology PTSD Trauma Treatment affect regulation Bingeing Body Image C-PTSD Child Abuse child neglect Childhood Trauma complex posttraumatic stress di Source Type: news
As I have discussed in other articles, Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD) is a unique condition that is the result of suffering a series of traumatic incidents over a long period of time at the hands of someone the victim has a dependent relationship with, usually a parent or other primary caregiver. C-PTSD shares many features of the better known PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) which is the result of a small number of impersonal traumas, such as car accidents. However, it also has many unique features, which give it a dual nature, in some ways more similar to some personality disorders, or other disorde...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Abuse Anxiety Depression Dissociation Personality Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD Relationships & Love C-PTSD complex post-traumatic stress disorder complex trauma Dating Intimacy Marriage Traumatic Experience Source Type: news
An overall increase in suicide attempts from 2004-2005 to 2012-2013 appears to have disproportionately affected younger adults with less formal education and those with antisocial personality disorder, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, and a history of violence, according to areport published today inJAMA Psychiatry.Borderline personality disorder (BPD) continues to be the disorder most associated with suicide attempt risk, but the percentage of individuals with BPD attempting suicide dropped during the period of analysis, possibly suggesting increased access to evidence-based treatments.Lead author Mark Olfson...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: antisocial personality disorder anxiety disorders depressive disorders less education M.D. M.P.A. Mark Olfson suicide attempts Source Type: research
Not so long ago, I joined a Facebook group for abuse survivors, in hopes of finding support and encouragement. While I was encouraged and supported in the best way an anonymous person on the Internet could be, I felt there was too much reliance on the word “narcissist.” As I tried to find intelligent solace in reading members’ posts, I discovered many people playing the martyr. (I had observed that behavior in my own mother). Many of these people seeking and offering advice probably suffered from some mental or personality disorder as well. I have been diagnosed with depression and anxiety. I have also b...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anger Anxiety and Panic Borderline Personality Depression Disorders Family General Grief and Loss Psychology Relationships Borderline Personality Disorder Depression (mood) Facebook Histrionic personality disorder Narcissistic Source Type: blogs
Abstract The Marijuana Motives Measure (MMM), which is derived from a scale measuring alcohol use motives, has been the main instrument used to explore the role of motives in cannabis use and related problems. Two studies attempted to developed specific cannabis use motives but none of them showed a unique association to cannabis use and problems when controlling for MMM motives. The aim of our study was to examine if additional motives contributed to problematic use beyond MMM motives and psychopathological symptoms. Participants were 249 high-school students who completed the Cannabis Use Disorder Identification...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
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