Student-perceived teaching quality: How is it related to different achievement emotions in mathematics classrooms?

This study examines the relation between student-perceived teaching quality in mathematics classrooms in grade 9 and enjoyment, anxiety, and boredom in grade 10, at both the student and classroom levels. The original data set included 6020 students who participated in the German national extension of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). Multilevel regression analyses showed that teacher support and classroom management were negatively related to student-level anxiety and boredom. Teacher support was positively related to enjoyment and negatively related to anxiety at the classroom level. Cognitive activation was positively related to enjoyment and negatively related to boredom at the classroom level. Classroom management was negatively related to classroom-level boredom. These results provide insight into differential classroom processes regarding the role of teaching quality in various aspects of student achievement emotions.
Source: Learning and Instruction - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The German GAS-ID is a reliable, valid and economically applicable self-report screening instrument for assessing anxiety in people with intellectual disability. However, minor revision of items and future research is needed to investigate the validity of the GAS-ID. PMID: 30891726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatrische Praxis - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Prax Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The present findings documented distinct differences in somatosensory function in patients with primary BMS compared to controls, indicating a complex pathophysiology and interaction between impairments in nociceptive processing and psychologic functioning. PMID: 30893407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
Authors: Marković V, Purić D, Vukosavljević-Gvozden T, Begović A Abstract The Metacognitions Questionnaire (MCQ-30) is a brief multidimensional measure used for assessment of metacognitive beliefs in psychopathology. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of MCQ-30 in Serbian non-clinical (n=246) and clinical (n=171; anxiety and depressive disorders) samples. The reliability of the questionnaire and its subscales was satisfactory. An exploratory factor analysis yielded a five factor solution in both groups, while a confirmatory factor analysis showed a somewhat weaker fit of the model. ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
Rayfield Byrd knows when it’s time to wake up every morning. The 68-year-old Oakland, Cal., resident hears a voice from the living room offering a cheery good morning. Except Byrd lives alone. A little after 8 a.m. each day, a small yellow robot named Mabu asks Byrd how he’s doing. Byrd has Type 2 diabetes and congestive heart failure, and about three years ago, he had surgery to implant a microvalve in his heart to keep his blood flowing properly. To stay healthy, he takes four medications a day and needs to exercise regularly. To make sure his heart is still pumping effectively, his doctor needs to stay on to...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Artificial Intelligence Life Reinvented medicine Source Type: news
Adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) have episodic crisis pain and chronic pain. Little is known about SCD chronic pain phenotypes. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) identifies the objective contribution of allodynia and hyperalgesia to chronic SCD pain phenotypes. However, self-report measures are needed to further characterize SCD chronic pain phenotypes. Our aim was to determine associations among QST-determined sensitization and anxiety, depression, and fatigue among outpatients with SCD. In a cross-sectional study, subjects (N=186, mean age 36.6 ± 11.7 years [19-74 years], 97% African American, 59% female; SC...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Although hypervigilance may play an important role in clinical pain syndromes, experimental vigilance toward pain is infrequently studied. We studied experimental vigilance to pain by assessing performance during a Continuous Performance Task (CPT), presented in four blocks, in which subjects respond to moderately painful targets occurring in a train of mildly painful nontargets. We assessed detected targets (hits), non-detected targets (misses), reaction times (RTs), and psychological activation (tense arousal).
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Music has been shown to decrease pain and modulate affect, but the mechanism by which music conveys analgesia in relatively unexplored . Using quantitative sensory testing (QST), we assessed the impact of a novel app-based music intervention on the nociceptive processing of pain. Healthy volunteers (n=60) were assessed for psychosocial traits including anxiety, depression, and catastrophizing using validated questionnaires. QST included investigation of: 1) pain sensitivity as measured by pressure pain threshold and tolerance using a handheld algometer, as well as reported pain to weighted pinprick stimuli, 2) temporal sum...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Treatment Approaches (Complementary & Alternative) (with CE) Source Type: research
Treating chronic low back pain (CLBP) with spine-focused interventions is common, potentially dangerous, and often ineffective. We posit that CLBP in older adults is a geriatric syndrome – a final common pathway for the expression of multiple contributors. We have published evidence and expert consensus-based algorithms to guide evaluation and treatment of key biopsychosocial CLBP contributors in older adults – hip osteoarthritis, myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, sacroiliac joint syndrome, lumbar spinal stenosis, leg length inequality, lateral hip/thigh pain, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and maladaptive coping....
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures are reliable, brief instruments to measure patient health. The PROMIS pediatric anxiety short form assesses anxiety symptoms; however, its ability to capture a clinically meaningful understanding of anxiety is unknown. Within pediatric chronic pain, anxiety is generally assessed by legacy measures examining anxiety symptoms specific to pain [e.g., Pain Catastrophizing Scale for Children, (PCS-C)] or broadly [The Screen for Child Related Anxiety Disorders, (SCARED)], which have been shown to predict pain-related outcomes.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) are common pediatric pain conditions that often present with co-occurring anxiety, which is associated with adverse outcomes including increased pain, disability, and somatization. Parents of children with abdominal pain report higher levels of anxiety than parents of children without abdominal pain disorders. In addition, measures of child anxiety (e.g., anxiety sensitivity) in youth with pain conditions are related to somatization and other adverse outcome.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
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