Book Review: Clinical Applications of the Polyvagal Theory

Clinical Applications of the Polyvagal Theory is another work in the Norton series on interpersonal neurobiology. I have come to believe that at least three theories are indispensable in learning and understanding how and why we behave the way we do — attribution theory, attachment theory, and our underlying physiology of safety, called the polyvagal theory. The polyvagal theory was developed by Stephen Porges and presented to the Society for Psychophysiological Research in 1994. The theory takes into account how our autonomic nervous system is constantly working to keep us safe. Very simply, the components are our parasympathetic system (“rest and digest”), the mammalian ventral vagal system (positive social engagement), sympathetic system (“fight or flight”), and the reptilian dorsal vagal (freeze, faint, shut down, dissociate). These all work together to give us an ongoing sense of our surroundings and how to react, what Porges calls our neuroception. The polyvagal theory is essential knowledge for everyone who works as a therapist, but familiarity with the theory can benefit us no matter what our profession because it deepens our understanding of what is going on with us in the moment. As the theory points out, our neuroception leads to how we perceive, and our perception gives rise to how we live our story. In his presentation in 1994, Porges emphasized how “mammals had evolved in a harsh environment in which survival was dependent on...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Anxiety Book Reviews Disorders General Memory and Perception Mindfulness Neuroscience Panic Disorder Personal Stories Psychological Assessment Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD Relationships & Love Relaxation and Meditation Traum Source Type: news

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Authors: Jhandi SK, Goyal M, Tiwari A PMID: 30899962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study presents opinions from stroke survivors, partners of stroke survivors, clinicians and researchers. The information about content, timing and mode of delivery will be used to develop and evaluate a comprehensive sexuality rehabilitation programme. PMID: 30895327 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Social relationships are of vital importance for children's and adolescents' development, and disruptions in these relationships can have serious implications. Such disruptions play a central role in both loneliness and social anxiety. Although both phenom...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorders are highly co-occurring. Several explanatory models of the relation between PTSD and hazardous alcohol use have been identified. However, the exact nature of this relation is not fu...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
A plethora of data supports links between parenting behaviors and child anxiety, but few studies have examined factors that can contribute to variability in these relations. Adopting a biological sensitivity to context framework, this study explored the ro...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To identify the gender differences, prevalence and cross association of abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in school-going adolescents. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in four government schools of Lahore,...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Authors: Nevin R PMID: 30896378 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions Mindfulness-based group cognitive behavior and education support group therapy are effective in reducing pain and distress. However, women in the M-gCBT program showed greater improvement in certain secondary outcomes, indicating that M-gCBT may offer some advantages in reducing distress associated with provoked localized vulvodynia.
Source: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease - Category: OBGYN Tags: Benign Vulvovaginal Disorders Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 94Author(s): Victor Navarrete-Modesto, Sandra Orozco-Suárez, Mario Alonso-Vanegas, Iris A. Feria-Romero, Luisa RochaAbstractThe Repressor Element-1 Silencing Transcription factor or Neuron-Restrictive Silencer Factor (REST/NRSF) is a zinc finger repressor transcription factor of the Kruppel family. Several studies in experimental models have shown that overexpression of REST/NRSF occurs after the induction of seizures. In the present study, the expression of REST/NRSF (messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein) was evaluated in the hippocampus of 2...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Stem Cell ReportsAuthor(s): Amber N. Ziegler, Qiang Feng, Shravanthi Chidambaram, Jaimie M. Testai, Ekta Kumari, Deborah E. Rothbard, Miguel Constancia, Ionel Sandovici, Tara Cominski, Kevin Pang, Nan Gao, Teresa L. Wood, Steven W. LevisonSummaryTissue-specific stem cells have unique properties and growth requirements, but a small set of juxtacrine and paracrine signals have been identified that are required across multiple niches. Whereas insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) is necessary for prenatal growth, its role in adult stem cell physiology is largely unknown...
Source: Stem Cell Reports - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
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