Fight Aging! Newsletter, February 4th 2019

In this study, we examined the benefits of early-onset, lifelong AET on predictors of health, inflammation, and cancer incidence in a naturally aging mouse model. Lifelong, voluntary wheel-running (O-AET; 26-month-old) prevented age-related declines in aerobic fitness and motor coordination vs. age-matched, sedentary controls (O-SED). AET also provided partial protection against sarcopenia, dynapenia, testicular atrophy, and overall organ pathology, hence augmenting the 'physiologic reserve' of lifelong runners. Systemic inflammation, as evidenced by a chronic elevation in 17 of 18 pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, was potently mitigated by lifelong AET, including master regulators of the cytokine cascade and cancer progression (IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6). In addition, circulating SPARC, previously known to be upregulated in metabolic disease, was elevated in old, sedentary mice, but was normalized to young control levels in lifelong runners. Remarkably, malignant tumours were also completely absent in the O-AET group, whereas they were present in the brain (pituitary), liver, spleen, and intestines of sedentary mice. Collectively, our results indicate that early-onset, lifelong running dampens inflammaging, protects against multiple cancer types, and extends healthspan of naturally-aged mice. Reduced Blood Pressure Lowers Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment, but Not Dementia? https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/02/redu...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionFindings highlight the importance of rethinking the way in which South Asians are labelled as a homogenous group and accounting for such differences when adapting and designing culturally-tailored DSME and or DSMS interventions in clinical practice.
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Our weekly DiabetesMine advice column addresses questions on strokes and diabetes, safe insulin storage temps and yeast infections.
Source: Diabetes Mine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Kensuke Toyama, Joshua M. Spin, Masaki Mogi, Philip S. TsaoAbstractDementia is one of the greatest public health concerns for the modern aging world. Over the last decade, most researchers developing new therapeutic strategies for dementia have focused on amyloid-β. In contrast, numerous recent studies have indicated that vascular risk factors are associated with various forms of dementia, and that in fact most forms of dementia can be considered an extension of vascular disease. Accordingly, it is sensible to pursue treatment app...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Journal of Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Ying Tang, Ming-Yue Li, Xin Zhang, Xing Jin, Jing Liu, Ping-He WeiAbstractStroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disabilities worldwide. Although exposure to an enriched environment (EE) initiated in the acute phase after stroke has neuroprotective effects and improves stroke outcome, it remains unclear whether EE has positive effects when started in a delayed time frame. Here we show that exposure to EE in the delayed phase notably ameliorates the ischemia-induced impairments in neurological functions and spatial ...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Thomas Themelis, Roberto Gotti, Serena Orlandini, Rita GattiAbstractBee pollen is an attractive resource in the field of alternative remedies and thanks to the content of carbohydrates, crude fibers, proteins and lipids must be considered as a supplementary food of high potential rate. In characterization of bee pollen with the aim to define its value in human nutrition, the amino acids profile is one of the most important attribute. In the present study, the determination of amino acids composition of differen...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 116Author(s): Renfa Lv, Xiaofeng Pan, Lei Song, Qi Sun, Congtao Guo, Shu Zou, Qiang ZhouAbstractTo uncover the role of microRNA-200a-3p in regulating osteogenic differentiation of MSCs via targeting glutaminase, thus influencing the progression of OP. Serum level of microRNA-200a-3p in OP patients and healthy controls was determined by qRT-PCR. MicroRNA-200a-3p level in MSCs undergoing osteogenic differentiation for different days was examined as well. ALP activity, calcification nodules and relative levels of Bglap, Runx2 and OPN in MSCs overexp...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 116Author(s): Anand P. Gupta, Pragati Singh, Richa Garg, Guru R. Valicherla, Mohammed Riyazuddin, Anees A. Syed, Zakir Hossain, Jiaur R. GayenAbstractAimsTo investigate the role of pancreastatin inhibitor (PSTi8) in lipid homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in dexamethasone induced fatty liver disease associated type 2 diabetes.Main methodsGlucose releases assay, lipid O staining and ATP/AMP ratio were performed in HepG2 cells. Twenty four mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: Control group (saline), DEX (1 mg/kg, im) for 17 days, DEX+...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAdministration of Momordica balsamina methanolic extract protects against some injurious haematological changes induced by hyperglycaemia, which may reduce the risks of cardiovascular complications.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In summary, the findings indicate that phloretin inhibits the metastatic and angiogenic abilities and cancer stemness of SiHa cells, thereby suggesting that this flavonoid is a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of human cervical cancer cells.Graphical Abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Japanese Dental Science Review, Volume 55, Issue 1Author(s): Hiromitsu Kishimoto, Kazuma Noguchi, Kazuki TakaokaSummaryBisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), characterized by refractory bone exposure, has recently emerged as a serious side effect of bisphosphonate (BPs) treatment. We discuss novel insights that may help to improve the efficacy of BRONJ treatment and prevention. Our report highlights the following: (1) The presence of exposed bone in patients taking BPs does not necessarily reflect BRONJ, and diagnoses of oral ulceration with bone sequestration and ma...
Source: Japanese Dental Science Review - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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