Effect of sarcopenic overweight on lung transplant based on 3D reconstructed psoas muscle mass

ConclusionsSarcopenia was associated with poorer short-term outcome and sarcopenic overweight with poorer overall survival in lung transplant patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

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Publication date: January 2020Source: LWT, Volume 118Author(s): Vítor Spínola, Eulogio J. Llorent-Martínez, Paula C. CastilhoAbstractIn this work, we report the in vitro inhibitory potential of Rumex maderensis methanolic extracts (leaves, flowers, and stems) towards key digestive enzymes linked to type-2 diabetes and obesity (α-amylase, α-glucosidase, pancreatic lipase). The inhibitory activity towards aldose reductase and glycation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) is also reported; in these latter assays, the effect of simulated digestion on the bioactivities was evaluated. The inhibitory ac...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study was to investigate the degree of susceptibility to intermittent hypoxia (IH), a hallmark of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), between the two mice inbred lines C57BL/6N (6N) and C57BL/6J (6J).Materials and methodsFour-week old male mice of 6N and 6J substrains (n = 8) were randomized to standard diet (SD) group or high fat (HF) diet group. At the age of 13-week, all two groups of mice were subjected to either air or IH (IH30; thirty hypoxic events per hour) for one week.Key findingsAll mice fed with HF diet exhibited obesity with more body weight and fat mass (percentage to body weight) gain. IH reduced serum L...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, adult weight gain was associated with increased risk of several major cancers. The degree, timing, and duration of overweight and obesity also seemed to be important. Preventing weight gain may reduce the cancer risk. Link: https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz188
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Credit: Busani Bafana/IPSBy Esther Ngumbi and Ifeanyi NsoforILLINOIS, United States / ABUJA, Oct 16 2019 (IPS) United Nations World Food Day is celebrated around the world on October 16 under the theme: “Our Actions ARE Our Future. Healthy Diets for a Zero Hunger World”. This theme is timely, especially, because across Africa and around the world, there has been a gradual rise in malnutrition and diet-related non communicable diseases, as highlighted in The Lancet study and a United Nations Report published earlier this year. While 45 percent of deaths in children are from nu...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health World Food Day Source Type: news
Do obese individuals with NAFLD who are"metabolically healthy" (i.e., without diabetes, hypertension or high lipid levels) differ in fibrosis progression versus those with these risk factors?Liver International
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news
Conclusions: Pravastatin treatment in obese asthmatic mice suppressed allergic airway infiltration and AHR by inhibition of Th2 and Th17-associated signaling pathways, decreasing the leptin expression and downstream p38 MAPK signaling pathways. The effect on lean asthmatic mice was different, independent of airway cell counts and cytokines. PMID: 31608695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Lung Research - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Exp Lung Res Source Type: research
Authors: Oderda GM, Senagore AJ, Morland K, Iqbal SU, Kugel M, Liu S, Habib AS Abstract Opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are challenging, resource-intensive, and costly opioid-related adverse events (ORAEs). Utilizing the Premier Healthcare Database, we identified patients> 18 years old, who underwent at least one surgical procedure of interest (i.e., cardiothoracic/vascular, general/colorectal, obstetric/gynecologic, orthopedic, or urologic), and received at least one dose of intravenous morphine, hydromorphone, or fentanyl for acute postoperative ...
Source: Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy - Category: Palliative Care Tags: J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother Source Type: research
(Reuters Health) - Women with severe obesity who have gastric bypass surgery to lose weight before becoming pregnant may be less likely to have babies with birth defects than similar women who don't have weight-loss surgery, a new study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
UNITED NATIONS — The U.N. children’s agency says one-third of children worldwide under age 5 — about 200 million youngsters — are either undernourished or overweight, undermining their full potential to grow and develop. UNICEF also says almost two-thirds of children aged 6 months to 2 years are not fed food that supports their rapidly growing bodies and brains. In its annual report released Tuesday, UNICEF warns that poor eating and feeding practices start from the earliest days of a child’s life. As children grow older, UNICEF says, “their exposure to unhealthy food becomes alarming.&r...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime United Nations Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Chadi Pellegrini Anaruma, Rodrigo Martins Pereira, Kellen Cristina da Cruz Rodrigues, Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva, Dennys Esper Cintra, Eduardo Rochete Ropelle, José Rodrigo Pauli, Leandro Pereira de MouraAbstractObesity and cardiovascular diseases are worldwide public health issues. In this review, we discussed the participation of ROCK protein in cardiac hypertrophy, mainly through the modulation of leptin and insulin signaling pathways. Leptin plays a role in cardiovascular disease development and, through the Rho-associated prot...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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