Ex-vivo intestinal absorption study of boswellic acid, cyclodextrin complexes and poloxamer solid dispersions using everted gut sac technique
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Tambe Amruta, Mokashi Priyanka, Pandita NancyAbstractAcetyl- Keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) is a pentacyclic triterpenic acid found in gum resin of Boswellia serrata. Even though it is shown to have anti-inflammatory activity, its bioavailability gets limited due to its poor aqueous solubility and permeability. The present study, hence, deals in enhancement of the intestinal absorption of AKBA from total boswellic acid fraction (TA fraction) using cyclodextrin (CD) and poloxamer solid dispersion (PXM SDs) formulations. Absorption studies were performed using the everted gut sac model prepared from rat jejunum. The glucose uptake assay was performed to show viability of gut sac tissue. The apparent permeability (Papp) value of AKBA from TA fraction was 1.08 ± 0.17 × 10-6 which was found to be increased by 10 -14 fold with CD complex and SD formulations. The intestinal absorption studies showed highest absorption of AKBA from HP-β-CD complex and PXM 407 SD as compared to that from TA fraction. From this study, it can be concluded that HP-β-CD and PXM 407 effectively enhanced intestinal absorption through improved solubility, highlighting their role as efficient drug delivery agents and bioavailability enhancers.Graphical abstract
DiscussionMCI prevalence varied among Hispanic/Latino backgrounds, but not as widely as reported in the previous studies. CVD risk and depressive symptoms were associated with increased MCI, whereas APOE4 was not, suggesting alternative etiologies for MCI among diverse Hispanics/Latinos. Our findings suggest that mitigating CVD risk factors may offer important pathways to understanding and reducing MCI and possibly dementia among diverse Hispanics/Latinos.
CONCLUSIONS: Local application of sevoflurane in the wound bed appears to exhibit analgesic, antimicrobial, and positive healing effects. It could be a promising alternative treatment to be included as a therapeutic option for wound care. PMID: 31730517 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Cutaneous vasculopathy related to the skin, such as livedo reticularis and ulcers of torpid evolution due to cutaneous vasculopathy are extremely rare. Thus, it is necessary to include skin ulcers as one of the phenotypic manifestations of NF-1. PMID: 31730516 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: The authors suggest stasis mucinosis and OALM represent the spectrum of euthyroid mucin depositional disease in varying clinical settings. PMID: 31730515 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: From this case report, the authors believe NPWTi-d may be more effective in cases with intractable ulcers associated with infection that need better granulation. PMID: 31730514 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Roshangar L, Soleimani Rad J, Kheirjou R, Reza Ranjkesh M, Ferdowsi Khosroshahi A Abstract Burn wounds are one of the main causes of skin damage. Based on World Health Organization statistics, almost 300 000 people worldwide die of burns each year. In severe burns, the cells and blood vessels are often injured and the blood supply to the wound is disturbed. Many factors such as oxygenation, infection, aging, hormones, and nutrition potentially can influence burn progression and disrupt repair with unbalanced release of various growth factors and cytokines. Different treatment approaches such as dressings a...
CONCLUSIONS: An illustrated guide for dressing application in burn wounds was developed and validated for content by an expert panel. PMID: 31730512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest cohort reported in the literature of patients with frostbite injuries treated with HBOT. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may show positive impact on the demarcation level of frostbite and, despite the common side effects, it generally causes no long-term sequelae. PMID: 31730511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: This is an easily reproducible and safe technique for effluent control in patients with Björk grade 4 abdomen with established EAF. PMID: 31730510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest the importance of arterial-arterial connections such as the pedal arch to the healing potential of foot and ankle wounds after STSG in this high-risk patient population. PMID: 31730509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]