Incorporating risk factors in the development of the screening programme for developmental dysplasia of the hips

In a 12-year cohort study, all newborns with suspected developmental dysplasia of the hips (DDHs) were scheduled for hip ultrasound at the sixth week of life. Female sex is the only isolated risk factor with a positive likelihood ratio predictive of DDH [1.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04–1.54]. In combination, the presence of two or more risk factors was predictive of DDH (positive likelihood ratio 1.10; 95% CI: 1.00–1.20). The sensitivity and specificity of two or more risk factors for the prediction of DDH were 93.6% (95% CI: 86.6–97.6) and 14.5% (95% CI: 8.70–22.2), respectively. The level of evidence for the cohort study is II.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HIP & FEMUR Source Type: research

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Conclusions: T2 mapping may be used to visualize the extent of ablation with focused ultrasound and can be used as a predictor of NPV prior to the administration of contrast during the post-treatment assessment. PMID: 31822140 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Hyperthermia - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Int J Hyperthermia Source Type: research
Authors: Altiparmak B, Toker MK, Uysal Aİ, Kuşçu Y, Demirbilek SG Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to assess the effect of ultrasoung-guided erector spinae block on postoperative opioid consumption after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The secondary aims are to assess the effects of erector spinae plane block on intraoperative fentanyl need and postoperative pain scores. METHODS: Patients between 18-70 years old, ASA I-II were included in the study and randomly allocated into two groups. In Group ESP, patients received bilateral US-ESP with 40ml of 0.25% bupivacaine at...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Rev Bras Anestesiol Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2020Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 242Author(s): Feng Qin, Bing Li, Lei Chen, Zhongyu ShangAbstractThe measurement of elastic constants is very important to the study of materials. Laser ultrasonic technology has been widely concerned for its unique advantages and used to measure elastic constants, but the current measurement methods have their limitations. In general, traditional measurement methods require the use of a fatigue tester or measurement of all modal waves during the experiment. It is found that cracks can transform the mode of ultrasonic wave, in other words, the...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Panoramic Observation of Crystalline Lenses with 25 MHz Ultrasonography. J Ophthalmol. 2019;2019:8319027 Authors: Xue W, Zou H Abstract Purpose: To visualize and assess in vivo the age-related changes in crystalline lens size and contour. Methods: Seventy-nine healthy volunteers, 39 females and 40 males, with a mean age of 41.53 + 11.32 years (range: 21 to 60 years) were enrolled in this study. The axial lens thickness (ALT), equatorial lens diameter (ELD), and anterior (R a) and posterior (R p) lens surface radii of curvatures of the subjects' left eyes were measured with a 25...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Achieving stent optimisation on IVUS evaluation was associated with favourable outcomes in IVUS-guided, new-generation DES implantation for long coronary lesions including CTO. PMID: 31829943 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
Authors: Hain E, Sindayigaya R, Fawaz J, Gharios J, Bouteloup G, Soyer P, Bertherat J, Prat F, Terris B, Coriat R, Gaujoux S Abstract Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas (pNETs) represent only 1 to 2% of all pancreatic neoplasms. These tumors can be classified as functional or non-functional tumors; as sporadic or from a genetic origin; as neuroendocrine neoplasms or carcinoma. Over the last decade, diagnosis of pNETs has increased significantly mainly due to the widespread use of cross-sectional imaging. Those tumors are usually associated with a good prognosis. Surgery, the only curative option fo...
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
Contributor : Alexander S MathewSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusTreatment of many pathologies of the brain could be improved markedly by the development of non-invasive therapeutic approaches that elicit robust, endothelial cell-selective, gene expression in specific brain regions that are targeted under MR image-guidance. While focused ultrasound (FUS) in conjunction with gas-filled microbubbles (MBs) has emerged as a non-invasive modality for MR image-guided gene delivery to the brain, it has been used exclusively to transiently disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB),...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
American Journal of Roentgenology, Ahead of Print.
Source: American Journal of Roentgenology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Written by Pendell MeyersA man in his late 40s with several ACS risk factors presented with a chief complaint of chest pain.  Several hours prior to presentation, while driving his truck, he started experiencing new central chest pain, without radiation, aggravating/alleviating factors, or other associated symptoms. On review of systems the patient reported back pain for approximately 1 week which he was treating with NSAIDs with minimal relief. On exam the patient was well appearing, with normal vitals signs other than BP 155/82, no murmurs or rubs, normal pulses, no reproducible chest pain.Here is his triage ECG:Wha...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Both blocks result in equally prolonged analgesia and preclude requirement of opioid analgesics intra and post-operatively. PECS block is associated with lesser time to allow incision. Complications are low in both the groups. Routine use of these blocks to avoid opioids may be studied further. Clinical trial number – Registered in Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2017/02/007897). http://ctri.nic.in.
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
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