Agreement of radiographic measurements and patient-reported outcome in 61 patients with Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease at mean follow-up of 28 years
It is unclear how patient-reported outcome in patients with Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease (LCPD) is correlated with radiographic outcome. It was therefore the aim of our long-term follow-up to evaluate the agreement of patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) with radiographic outcome in patients with a history of unilateral LCPD and a femoral head involvement of more than 50%. We further investigated to what extent the functional outcome (range of motion and Trendelenburg sign) correlates with PROM and radiographic outcome. At a mean follow-up of 28 years (15–42), 61 patients were investigated clinically and by plain radiography to evaluate the sphericity deviation score, femoral head enlargement and femoral neck growth inhibition. The patients also completed questionnaires for generic measures of health-related quality-of-life (ED-5D, EQ-visual analogue scale), the joint-specific Harris hip score and the nonarthritic hip score questionnaire. The radiographic measures sphericity deviation score, femoral head enlargement and femoral neck growth inhibition were strongly correlated with the joint-specific PROMs (Harris hip score and nonarthritic hip score) but not with EQ-5D and EQ-visual analogue scale. Inferior range of flexion and abduction and a positive Trendelenburg sign were associated with an inferior patient-reported outcome. Our findings highlight the importance of supporting femoral head re-modelling and containment and balancing trochanteric an...
CONCLUSION: The 3D canine jaw fractures models, which reproduced natural canine jaw fractures, and their respective radiographic images, are a possible source of educational material for the teaching of veterinary medicine. PMID: 31826098 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Joong-Bae Seo, Sung-Joon Kim, Hee Jung Ham, Kwon Young Kwak, Jaesung YooAbstractBackgroundThe pathogenesis of degenerative subscapularis (SC) tear is not clear, several mechanisms are involved: intrinsic tendon degeneration or subcoracoid impingement. The aim of this study was to propose new radiographic markers, the coraco-lesser tuberosity angle (CLA), lesser tuberosity angle (LTA) and lesser tuberosity height (LTH). The hypothesis was that higher values of CLA, LTA, and LTH would be associated with ...
Treatment with the interleukin-17 inhibitor ixekizumab (Taltz, Lilly) significantly improves signs and symptoms of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA), according to results of the COAST-X study.Reuters Health Information
Authors: Wang J, Zhang Y, Lu X, Xi C, Yu K, Gao R, Bi K Abstract Background: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) can clinically and radiographically mimic an abscess or breast cancer. Although IGM is benign, it can cause the breast skin to appear "riddled with holes" and can even result in the loss of the breast. The optimal treatment has not been established. Methods: We retrospectively studied the medical records of 200 patients with IGM who were treated for skin rupture from June 2015 to June 2017 in our institute. The patients' treatment modalities (including surgery after steroid therapy and ster...
Conclusion: The development of LRSS pneumatization affects the removal rate of CS tumors in PAs. Preoperative analysis of LRSS development should be considered when planning EES against PA with CS invasion. PMID: 31819816 [PubMed]
ConclusionIn this tale of 2 professions, radiology gained official specialty designation in the field of medicine. The medical profession had a monopoly on health care, and thus had few internal and external barriers to overcome. Chiropractic was oppressed by organized medicine, which helped to create the unofficial specialty of chiropractic radiology but which also later helped to limit the specialty. Chiropractic radiology has maintained its independence and autonomy, but also remains on the fringe of mainstream health care.
ConclusionsSBRT for clinically diagnosed lung cancers is efficacious in appropriately selected patients, with similar outcomes as those with pathologic diagnosis. Thorough clinical and radiographic evaluation in a multidisciplinary setting is critical to the management of these patients.
AbstractThe authors prospectively studied ionizing radiation exposure in consecutive 107 very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates, admitted to their Level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Number of X-rays, their indications and calculated dose of radiation were documented. Their mean birth weight (+SD) and gestational age (+SD) were 1077 ( ±219.8) g and 29.7 (+2.57) wk respectively. Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates underwent significantly higher radiographs when compared with VLBW neonates; 7.5(5 –13.25)vs. 2(1 –6);p
Condition: Cervical Deformity Intervention: Procedure: Surgical intervention Sponsors: International Spine Study Group Foundation; DePuy Synthes; Orthofix Inc. Recruiting
The objective of this paper is to provide useful definitions for understanding the methods used and their possibilities, and report current and future developments for thoracic imaging. Prospective validation of AI tools will be required before reaching routine clinical implementation.