Benzodiazepines and Addiction

What is a Benzodiazepine? Benzodiazepines are a prescription drug sedative used to treat a variety of conditions. They are classified as Schedule IV in the Controlled Substances Act. Some of the conditions that Benzodiazepine can treat include: Insomnia Anxiety Seizures Muscle tension Panic disorders When used as prescribed under the supervision of a medical professional, Benzodiazepines can be very useful in the treatment of these disorders. Many people are able to live healthy, happy lives while taking Benzodiazepines to curb the symptoms of their various conditions. However, because of the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, a well-intentioned user can quickly escalate into someone suffering from a full blown drug addiction. You may be more familiar with Benzodiazepines’ various brand names, which include: Ativan Xanax Librium Klonopin Valium Halcion Niravam Restoril Tranxene Alprazolam Are Benzodiazepines Addictive? Benzodiazepines work on the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid) by calming the nerve impulses. This helps to calm anxiety and other panic disorders, as well as relax the user. Benzodiazepines also surge your dopamine levels, which floods your brain with the feel-good neurotransmitter. This sudden and strong wave of pleasure and euphoria can become irresistible to its users. The more you take benzodiazepines, the more tolerance you will build. This is a hallmark of addiction; needing more and more in order to achieve a high and going thr...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Uncategorized benzo benzodiazepines prescription drug abuse prescription drug addiction prescription drug use prescription pills Source Type: blogs

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Conclusions: Proper sample preparation allowed the proteomic and de novo identification of different proteins in the D. melanostictus parotoid macrogland secretion. These results may increase the knowledge about the universe of molecules that compose amphibian skin secretion, as well as to understand their biological/physiological role in the granular gland.
Source: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
In a society where physical activity is limited and food supply is abundant, metabolic diseases are becoming a serious epidemic. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a cluster of metabolically related symptoms such as obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and carbohydrate intolerance, and significantly increases type 2 diabetes mellitus risk. Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are consistent characteristics of MetS, but which of these features is the initiating insult is still widely debated. Regardless, both of these conditions trigger adverse responses from the pancreatic β cell, which is responsible for produci...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Hello, I am a current fellow. I have been talking with a group (PMR) and they are asking me to take call. I don't know exactly how this works from a monetary standpoint and I was hoping someone could fill me in. It is 1:4 call and it is a week on at a time. Rounding Sat and Sun on a unit of around 10-12. I am assuming I don't get paid for taking call at night which means I will only make what I bill on the weekends. Is that correct? If there is anyone who has done this as a PMR doc does this... Advice on Taking Call
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
ConclusionHigh prevalence of particularly cardiovascular comorbidity among patients with insomnia-like symptoms was linked to nocturnal hypoxemia. Considerable differences in clinical presentation were found among OSA patients across Europe. Our data underline that physicians should ask their patients with suspected OSA also for insomnia symptoms. It remains to be explored if a reduction of nocturnal hypoxemia predicts the improvement of insomnia symptoms.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Hypothetical risk factors for obstruction of the vermifor m appendix detected on CT were not associated with acute appendicitis. That suggests that factors other than those related to mechanical obstruction are implicated in the pathogenesis of acute appendicitis.Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a correla ção de critérios morfológicos do apêndice cecal por tomografia computadorizada (TC) e o risco de apendicite aguda. Materiais e Métodos: Casos foram definidos como apendicite aguda confirmada cirurgicamente que tiveram pelo menos dois exames de TC: um no diagnóstico de ap...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: To determine the size of the ischiofemoral space (IFS) and quadratus femoris space (QFS) in patients with and without ischiofemoral impingement (IFI). Materials and Methods: Case-control study including consecutive patients submitted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hip joint during a three-month period. Patients with deep gluteal pain who tested positive for IFI on at least one clinical test and showed signal changes in the quadratus femoris muscle on MRI were categorized as having a confirmed diagnosis of IFI. Results: Final sample comprised 50 patients submitted to unilateral MRI of the hip...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: To determine the size of the ischiofemoral space (IFS) and quadratus femoris space (QFS) in patients with and without ischiofemoral impingement (IFI). Materials and Methods: Case-control study including consecutive patients submitted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hip joint during a three-month period. Patients with deep gluteal pain who tested positive for IFI on at least one clinical test and showed signal changes in the quadratus femoris muscle on MRI were categorized as having a confirmed diagnosis of IFI. Results: Final sample comprised 50 patients submitted to unilateral MRI of the hip...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: To determine the size of the ischiofemoral space (IFS) and quadratus femoris space (QFS) in patients with and without ischiofemoral impingement (IFI). Materials and Methods: Case-control study including consecutive patients submitted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hip joint during a three-month period. Patients with deep gluteal pain who tested positive for IFI on at least one clinical test and showed signal changes in the quadratus femoris muscle on MRI were categorized as having a confirmed diagnosis of IFI. Results: Final sample comprised 50 patients submitted to unilateral MRI of the hip...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Laura A. Andrews, Shannon L. Brothers, Jennifer S. Sauvé, Douglas W. Nangle, Cynthia A. Erdley, Melissa K. HordAbstractSomewhat surprisingly, social anxiety has been linked with aggressive behavior in adults. Among youth, this connection has been demonstrated with anxiety symptoms more broadly. This review extends previous work by evaluating this association specifically with social anxiety in the child and adolescent literature. Given the complexities of aggressive behavior, the review is organized by its various form...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Heng Choon Chan, Rebecca W.Y. WongAbstractAnimal cruelty has been a growing concern worldwide, and is broadly defined as all socially unacceptable behaviors that are intentionally perpetrated to cause unnecessary pain, suffering, distress, and/or death to an animal. This review synthesizes more than 87 research studies identified through online databases and manual search of specific studies. Findings denote that beating, hitting, or kicking, shooting, strangling or smothering, stabbing, and sexual abusing are reported to be ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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