Association Between Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Web-Based Data in China: Infodemiology Study
This study aimed to explore whether a correlation exists between the incidence and mortality of cancers and normalized internet search volumes on the big data platform, Baidu. We also assessed whether the distribution of people who searched for specific types of cancer differed by gender. Finally, we determined whether there were regional disparities among people who searched the Web for cancer-related information. Methods: Standard Boolean operators were used to choose search terms for each type of cancer. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used to explore correlations among monthly search index values for each cancer type and their monthly incidence and mortality rates. We conducted cointegration analysis between search index data and incidence rates to examine whether a stable equilibrium existed between them. We also conducted cointegration analysis between search index data and mortality data. Results: The monthly Baidu index was significantly correlated with cancer incidence rates for 26 of 28 cancers in China (lung cancer: r=.80, P
The interleukin-3 receptor α subunit, CD123, is expressed in many hematologic malignancies including acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN). Tagraxofusp (SL-401) is a CD123-targeted therapy consisting of interleukin-3 fused to a truncated diphtheria toxin payload. Factors influencing response to tagraxofusp other than CD123 expression are largely unknown. We interrogated tagraxofusp resistance in patients and experimental models and found that it was not associated with CD123 loss. Rather, resistant AML and BPDCN cells frequently acquired deficiencies in the diphthamide ...
The interleukin 3 receptor (CD123) is a transmembrane protein that is absent or hardly expressed on normal hematopoietic stem cells, but highly expressed on the surface of cancer cells in several hematologic malignancies. In this issue of the JCI, Togami et al. investigated the mechanism of resistance to the recently approved anti-CD123 agent tagraxofusp, which consists of interleukin 3 fused to a truncated diphtheria toxin (DT) molecule. The authors demonstrated that loss of the intracellular target for DT, diphthamide, a conservative modification of histidine 715 in eukaryotic elongation factor 2, resulted in tagraxofusp...
Tumor-resident lymphocytes can mount a response against neoantigens expressed in microsatellite-stable gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, and adoptive transfer of neoantigen-specific lymphocytes has demonstrated antitumor activity in selected patients. However, whether peripheral blood could be used as an alternative minimally invasive source to identify lymphocytes targeting neoantigens in patients with GI cancer with relatively low mutation burden is unclear. We used a personalized high-throughput screening strategy to investigate whether PD-1 expression in peripheral blood could be used to identify CD8+ or CD4+ lymphocytes ...
ABSTRACT Objective: Preoperative functional evaluation is central to optimizing the identification of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are candidates for surgery. The minute ventilation/carbon dioxide output (VE/VCO2) slope has proven to be a predictor of surgical complications and mortality. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) could influence short-term outcomes in patients with COPD undergoing lung resection. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of a PRP on the VE/VCO2 slope in a cohort of patients with COPD undergoing lung resection for NSCLC. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 25 consec...
To demonstrate techniques to regulate and improve the safety and completeness of laparoscopic and robotic radical hysterectomy/radical trachelectomy (L-RH/RT+R-RH/RT=MI-RH/RT) for early invasive cervical cancer. We will present our techniques and skills as well as data on our long-term outcomes for MI-RH/RT patients.
To investigate the long term oncological follow up results and the relevant clinicopathologic prognostic factors for early stage (St IB1) cervical carcinoma patients who were surgically treated with Robot Assisted Radical Hysterectomy (RARH) or Open Radical Hysterectomy (ORH) from 2005 to 2012 at The Norwegian Radium Hospital.
To compare the CareMe-Plus methylation and colposcopy biopsy to triage patients who test HPV-positive or abnormal LBC results for further treatment.
This video is intended for any gynecologic surgeon who is performing risk-reducing surgery in their practice. We intend to review the “best practices” recommended by ACOG when performing a risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (RR-BSO) in patients with Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome.
Robotic assistance may facilitate completion of minimally invasive hysterectomy, which is the standard of care for the treatment of early-stage endometrial cancer, in patients for whom conventional laparoscopy is challenging. The aim of this systematic review was to assess conversion to laparotomy and perioperative complications after laparoscopic (LH) and robotic hysterectomy (RH) in endometrial cancer patients with obesity.
We present our experience performing single port access total laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (SPA-TLH BSO) on a woman after TRAM surgery.
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