Outbreak Readiness and Business Impact: Protecting Lives and Livelihoods Across the Global Economy

Source: World Economic Forum. Published: 1/18/2019. This 22-page report discusses how economists estimate that, in the coming decades, pandemics will cause average annual economic losses of 0.7 percent of global GDP – a threat similar to that estimated for climate change. While predicting where and when the next outbreak will occur is still an evolving science, it is possible to identify factors that make companies vulnerable to financial losses from infectious disease events. Helping companies to properly un derstand these risks will enable them to reduce their exposure, improve their resilience, and deliver on key opportunities for public-private cooperation to strengthen global health security. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

The flu season is up and running in the Northern Hemisphere, and early signs in both the United States and Europe are that the effects might not be quite as severe as the brutal 2017/18 season. The United States is predominantly seeing H1N1 circulating, while monitoring in Europe has identified co-circulation of H1N1 and H3N2—both varieties of Influenza A that should be covered by the seasonable vaccine. What if they weren’t though? Influenza A can be found in both human and animal populations, and it evolves rapidly through genetic mutation. Each year many humans rely on their country&a...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: IVD Source Type: news
Viral respiratory tract infections (VRTIs) are more prevalent in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) than previously thought, with up to 52% of infants having evidence of viral carriage [1, 2]. We and others have previously reported nosocomial VRTIs can cause significant morbidity [3], particularly in preterm infants, including escalation of respiratory support, longer hospital stay, increased requirement for home oxygen and greater healthcare costs [1, 4]. Viral carriage in the airways of children and adults may have few or no symptoms [3, 5], potentially implicating them as an inadvertent source of nosocomial VRTI wh...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
ng Zhou During the past two decades, three zoonotic coronaviruses have been identified as the cause of large-scale disease outbreaks–Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Swine Acute Diarrhea Syndrome (SADS). SARS and MERS emerged in 2003 and 2012, respectively, and caused a worldwide pandemic that claimed thousands of human lives, while SADS struck the swine industry in 2017. They have common characteristics, such as they are all highly pathogenic to humans or livestock, their agents originated from bats, and two of them originated in China. Thus, it is highly...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract Test-negative (TN) studies have become the most widely used study design for the estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) and are easily incorporated into existing influenza surveillance networks. We seek to determine the bias of TN-based VE estimates during a pandemic using a dynamic probability model. The model is used to evaluate and compare the bias of VE estimates under various sources of bias when vaccination occurs after the beginning of an outbreak, such as during a pandemic. The model includes two covariates (health status and health awareness), which may affect the probabilities of vac...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
[World Bank] World Bank Group and Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility support government and partners to contain the outbreak.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2019Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Nazia Thakur, Dalan BaileyAbstractNipah virus is an emerging zoonotic paramyxovirus that causes severe and often fatal respiratory and neurological disease in humans. The virus was first discovered after an outbreak of encephalitis in pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore with subsequent outbreaks in Bangladesh or India occurring almost annually. Due to the highly pathogenic nature of NiV, its pandemic potential, and the lack of licensed vaccines or therapeutics, there is a requirement for research and development into highly sensit...
Source: Microbes and Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Military GME programs are required by congress to address the unique aspects of military medicine. Senior fellow knowledge using the spaced interval multiple-choice quizzes did not differ from junior fellow rate, supporting our concern that the ID MUC needed to be enhanced. Enhancement of the MUC experience can be accomplished with minimal increases to curricular and faculty time. PMID: 30793189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Rheumatology and internal medicine patients, including patients treated with methotrexate without corticosteroids, are at risk of developing chronic HEV infection. Rheumatology and internal medicine patients with abnormal liver tests should be screened for HEV infection.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This Nigerian doctor might just prevent the next deadly pandemic, Published online: 20 February 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-00615-xAs leader of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Chikwe Ihekweazu works to protect the nation — and the world — from devastating outbreaks.
Source: Nature AOP - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
As a leading cause of respiratory disease, influenza A virus (IAV) infection remains a pandemic threat in annual seasonal outbreaks. Given the limitation of existing anti-influenza therapeutic drugs, developme...
Source: Virology Journal - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
More News: Economy | Infectious Diseases | International Medicine & Public Health | Outbreaks | Pandemics | Science