Prevalence of Pulmonary Embolism Among Emergency Department Patients With Syncope: A Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study

ConclusionThe prevalence of pulmonary embolism is very low among ED patients with syncope, including those hospitalized after syncope. Although an underlying pulmonary embolism may cause syncope, clinicians should be cautious about indiscriminate investigations for pulmonary embolism.
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Shao C, Wang J, Tian J, Tang YD Abstract In most developed countries, coronary artery disease (CAD), mostly caused by atherosclerosis of coronary arteries, is one of the primary causes of death. From 1990s to 2000s, mortality caused by acute MI declined up to 50%. The incidence of CAD is related with age, gender, economic, etc. Atherosclerosis contains some highly correlative processes such as lipid disturbances, thrombosis, inflammation, vascular smooth cell activation, remodeling, platelet activation, endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, altered matrix metabolism, and genetic factors. Risk factors ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
By ANISH KOKA, MD Mr. Smith has a problem.  He can’t see.  Even this cardiologist knows why.  The not so subtle evidence lies in the cloudy lens in front of his pupils.  He is afflicted with cataracts that obstruct his vision to the point he can’t really do his job refurbishing antique furniture safely.  His other problem is that he hates doctors. He hasn’t had reason to see one for more than a decade.  He’s 68, takes no medications, smokes a pack of cigarettes a day, and is a master of one word answers. He’s in my office because he needs a medical eval...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medical Practice Patients Physicians Anish Koka cardiology low-value testing Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: In Behçet's disease, coronary artery bypass grafting is a procedure with high mortality, especially in the acute period. The on-pump surgery technique in these cases can be safely performed for multiple bypa sses and in patients above 40 years old.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe long-term use of opioid and cannabinoid medications to control chronic pain and treat opioid use disorders now involves a large proportion of the population in the United States. Yet, the cardiovascular risks of opioids are not well understood. This systematic review summarizes the current literature to assess the potential cardiovascular disease risks associated with opioid and cannabinoid medications.Recent FindingsThe role of long-term methadone use in increasing QT interval among people receiving methadone treatment for substance use disorders is well established. Routine electrocardiogram ...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Robert A. KlonerAbstractThere is evidence that certain stressors can trigger cardiovascular events. Several studies have now demonstrated an increase in major adverse cardiac events associated with natural disasters such as an earthquake. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on earthquakes and cardiovascular events. Reports from 13 major quakes were reported. Earthquakes have been associated with a number of cardiac events including sudden cardiac death, fatal myocardial infarction (MI), myocardial infarction, stress car...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Duranti L, Pardolesi A, Bertolaccini L, Tavecchio L, Scanagatta P, Rolli L, Pastorino U Abstract The extra-pleural pneumonectomy (EPP) is a standardised surgical procedure born for pleural tuberculosis and later used in pleural cancer treatment, especially in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). This systematic review aimed to focus on the actual overall EPP role in surgical oncology. The literature search was performed from January 1985 to January 2018 In PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane according to PRISMA protocol. The search was restricted to publications in English with the research words "extrapleu...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the incidence of ischemic heart disease and death were three times higher among men with low birth weight compared to men with high birth weight (5). Epidemiological investigations of adults born at the time of the Dutch famine between 1944 and 1945 revealed an association between maternal starvation and a low infant birth weight with a high incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in these adults (23). Furthermore, Painter et al. reported the incidence of early onset coronary heart disease among persons conceived during the Dutch famine (24). In that regard, Barker's findin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Koechlin L, Strebel I, Keller DI, Lohrmann J, Michou E, Kühne M, Reichlin T, Mueller C Abstract BACKGROUND: The utility of B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP), and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) concentrations for diagnosis and risk-stratification of syncope is incompletely understood. METHODS: We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic accuracy of BNP, NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, and hs-cTnI concentrations, alone and against the ones of clinical assessments, in patients>45years presenting with syncope to the emergency department (ED) in a prospective diagnostic multice...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Conclusions Major adverse cardiac events and death after electroconvulsive therapy are infrequent and occur in about 1 of 50 patients and after about 1 of 200 to 500 electroconvulsive therapy treatments.
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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