Correlates and predictors of alcohol consumption and negative consequences of alcohol use among Latino migrant farmworkers in Nebraska.

This study used cross-sectional data from the Nebraska Migrant Farmworker Health Study, 2016 (N = 241) to (1) describe drinking behavior, (2) evaluate associations between alcohol consumption and negative consequences from alcohol use and various social and demographic variables, and (3) assess contextual and interpersonal predictors of alcohol consumption and negative consequences from alcohol use. Descriptive, bivariate statistics and hierarchical multiple regression were used. Results indicated that over 30% of participants had engaged in heavy drinking in the last year. Alcohol consumption was significantly positively associated with negative consequences of alcohol use and significantly negatively associated with work safety climate and age. Negative consequences from alcohol use was significantly negatively associated with work safety climate. Significant predictors of alcohol consumption included work safety climate and age. Being married or in a relationship, alcohol consumption, and work safety climate were significant predictors of negative consequences from alcohol use. This study highlights the potential positive spillover effect of work safety climate on worker drinking behaviors. Implications and recommendations for agricultural employers, farmworker health advocates, and social service agencies are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). PMID: 30676052 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusion The present study showed that high plasma glucose levels and severe liver fibrosis stage influence insulin secretion levels in Japanese patients with NAFLD. Conservation of delayed insulin secretion levels was confirmed in patients with severe liver fibrosis. PMID: 31534089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Gemma Leone, Marco Consumi, Simone Pepi, Alessio Pardini, Claudia Bonechi, Gabriella Tamasi, Alessandro Donati, Stefania Lamponi, Claudio Rossi, Agnese MagnaniAbstractViscosupplementation, i.e. intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid derivatives, is considered as the most effective treatment for patients with mild to moderate osteoarthritis. Even if hyaluronic acid is still considered as the gold standard, research is now focusing on the development of new products with enhanced injectability and yet reasonable viscoelastic beh...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic pancreatitis is a complex and irreversible disease of the pancreas and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Nutrition deficiencies in chronic pancreatitis are common and can be atypical in nature. As such, the management of these deficiencies can be individualized for patients. The aim of this review is to discuss the components of nutrition deficiencies in chronic pancreatitis, their management, and the current areas of research that are being explored. The clinical guidelines of major national and international societies were analyzed for recommendations on the nutrition manag...
Source: Nutrition in Clinical Practice - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Clin Pract Source Type: research
Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty pancreas disease (NAFPD) describes a phenotype of pancreatic steatosis (PS) that is not caused by alcohol consumption, viral infections, toxins, or congenital metabolic syndromes but is associated with insulin resistance, malnutrition, obesity, metabolic syndrome, or increasing age. NAFPD is a relatively new disease entity, as the clinical significance of fatty infiltration of pancreas has gained attention recently. Clinical consequences of NAFPD remain largely unknown despite clinical associations. This review aims to study similarities and differences between hepatic and PS and explor...
Source: Nutrition in Clinical Practice - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Clin Pract Source Type: research
ConclusionSeverely anemic patients in critical condition can survive necrotizing fasciitis with a well-planned interdisciplinary approach without compromising patient autonomy.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsBlacks were less likely to engage in drinking across the life course, but, among drinkers, more likely to binge drink in mid-adulthood. Blacks were more likely to smoke in mid-adulthood, but smoked infrequently compared with Whites. These patterns suggest that a reframing of disparities mechanisms to focus on broader structural and social factors may benefit progress in understanding and ameliorating inequities.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study suggests a higher prevalence of ADHD medication use amongst the PR medical student sample compared to findings reported of US medical students, as well as a high prevalence related to nonmedical use as a means for medical students to cope with their training. The nonmedical use of stimulants in the medical school setting remains of utmost public health and clinical concern. The results of this study could help develop proper workshops and non-pharmacological techniques to help medical students cope with their workload. PMID: 31536633 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Annie Wai Yeeng Chai, Kue Peng Lim, Sok Ching CheongAbstractOral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) are a heterogeneous group of cancers arising from the mucosal lining of the oral cavity. A majority of these cancers are associated with lifestyle risk habits including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and betel quid chewing. Cetuximab, targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor was approved for the treatment of OSCC in 2006, and remains the only molecular targeted therapy available for OSCC. Here, we reviewed the current ...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Japanese scientists have discovered that even after two minutes of slathering on hand sanitizer, flu survives because viscose spit slows down the alcohol. But 30 seconds of hand-washing works.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In conclusion, alcohol administration led to a significant influence on antioxidant system in the liver and kidney, but simultaneous intake of taurine, along with ethanol, partly attenuated the antioxidant changes in these organs. PMID: 31535630 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Chinese Journal of Physiology - Category: Physiology Tags: Chin J Physiol Source Type: research
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