Prevalence of Chronic Hepatitis B and C Infection in Mongolian Immigrants in the Washington, District of Columbia, Metropolitan Area, 2016-2017

Prevalence of Chronic Hepatitis B and C Infection in Mongolian Immigrants in the Washington, District of Columbia, Metropolitan Area, 2016-2017
Source: CDC Preventing Chronic Disease - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Source Type: news

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AbstractAssessment of donor suitability and criteria development for tissue donation evaluation which appropriately addresses the risk factors for disease transmission, especially high risk for Hepatitis B or C, HIV or other transmissible diseases as defined by the Food and Drug Administration, FDA, is a continuing concern for tissue banks. The relationship of drug use, especially IV drugs, has been determined to be associated with an increased possibility of reactive serology (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USCDC) in Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Preve...
Source: Cell and Tissue Banking - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Authors: Park SH, Lee MS, Kim SR, Kwak YG Abstract BACKGROUND: Healthcare personnel (HCP) are at risk of being exposed to or transmitting infections in hospitals, and vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs) is a well-known preventive strategy. Vaccination against influenza, hepatitis B virus, measles-mumps-rubella, varicella, and pertussis is recommended for HCP. However, there is no information on the current status of hospitals' vaccination policies for HCP in Korea. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide survey on hospital vaccination policies and barriers to implementing recommended vaccination ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Context: In the midst of the current opioid epidemic, states have selected differing legislative routes implementing pathways to ensure access to clean needles and syringes. Objective: To determine whether states that implemented laws supporting syringe exchange programs (SEPs) had reductions in transmission rates of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV infection compared with states without such laws. Design and Setting: Utilizing a longitudinal panel design, we determined the legal status of SEPs in each state for years 1983-2016. Disease transmission rates for this period were estimated via a simple Poisson regress...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research
AbstractMother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the main route of transmission in Asia, and characterization of HBV quasispecies is needed to further understand virus evolution and adaptation. To understand changes in HBV during mother-to-child transmission, we enrolled nine pairs of mothers and children in the study, including a set of twins. Three groups were infected with HBV genotype C, and six groups were infected with HBV genotype B. The full-length HBV genome was amplified by PCR from serum samples before antiviral treatment, the whole viral genomes from each pair were sequenced, and the complexit...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
AbstractViral hepatitis B and C are among the leading causes of acute and chronic liver disease in the USA. The nature of chronic liver disease is often asymptomatic. This is problematic because the majority of individuals living with chronic hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis C do not know that they are infected and can communicate the disease to others. Furthermore, early disease recognition and treatment have been shown to improve long-term outcomes and decrease healthcare cost. These diseases affect vulnerable populations disproportionately. Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are more likely than the general US popul...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth common type of cancer and second largest cause of cancer-related deaths globally [1]. HCC also exhibits heterogenous characteristics among regions [2]. In etiology, hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most common cause of HCC in Asia, including China and Korea, where patients are younger and are commonly diagnosed with advanced disease [3,4]. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and alcoholic liver disease are common causes of HCC in Western countries, while non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases is another cause that is becoming increasingly common [5], where patients are frequently found to have dec...
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
We read with interest the paper by Park et  al.1 Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common complication in patients with cirrhosis and worsens their prognosis. The current HCC surveillance guidelines recommend 6 monthly ultrasound (US),2 which lacks good sensitivity for early HCC. Park et al. studied non-contrast magnetic resonance imagin g (MRI) vs. US for surveillance of HCC in predominantly hepatitis B-related cirrhosis and baseline high-risk group.1 MRI had significantly better diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis of liver lesions than US.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
We present a case of an HBV viremic lung donor transplanted into an HBV negative recipient without significant complication.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (20) Source Type: research
The advent of anti-viral therapy for HBV has made it possible to expand the donor pool for heart transplant recipients. Little is known in long term outcomes of recipients who receive HBV+ donor hearts. We sought to explore long-term transplant outcomes in recipients who received HBV+ donor hearts compared to those who received HBV- donor hearts.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (398) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The regulatory effects of acupuncture stimulation on inflammatory responses in the liver may be modulated through the activation of the vagus nerve pathway. PMID: 32233774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
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