Evaluating the Role of a Neurosurgery Consultation in Management of Pediatric Isolated Linear Skull Fractures

Conclusions: Routine neurosurgical consultation in children with ILSF and GCS 14 –15 does not appear to alter clinical management.Pediatr Neurosurg
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThese results are consistent with a beneficial effect of locally delivered nimodipine (EG-1962) on SD after aSAH in more severely injured patients who are at risk of delayed cerebral ischemia related to SD. Larger studies are warranted to test this effect.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is the most devastating form of stroke. Reducing neuronal apoptosis is an important countermeasure against early brain injury (EBI) after SAH. Recent evidence indicates that OX40-OX40L coupling is critical for cell survival and proliferation. Current study was performed to detect the role of recombinant OX40 (ReOX40) against neuronal apoptosis after SAH. The endovascular perforation model of SAH was performed on Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. ReOX40 was injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v) 1 h after SAH induction and the following methods were employed: neurological functi...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
AbstractSpreading depolarization is observed as a large negative shift of the direct current potential, swelling of neuronal somas, and dendritic beading in the brain ’s gray matter and represents a state of a potentially reversible mass injury. Its hallmark is the abrupt, massive ion translocation between intraneuronal and extracellular compartment that causes water uptake (= cytotoxic edema) and massive glutamate release. Dependent on the tissue’s energy st atus, spreading depolarization can co-occur with different depression or silencing patterns of spontaneous activity. In adequately supplied tissue, spread...
Source: AGE - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is a need for better follow-up strategies, targeting more subtle deficits and psychological symptoms after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID: 31703183 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
Written by Meyers, edits by SmithA 50-ish year old man was working construction when he suddenly collapsed. Coworkers started CPR within 1 minute of collapse. EMS arrived within 10 minutes and continued CPR and ACLS, noting alternating asystole and sinus bradycardia during rhythm checks. He received various ACLS medications and arrived at the ED with a perfusing rhythm.Initial vitals included heart rate around 100 bpm and BP 174/96. Here is his initial ECG, very soon after ROSC:What do you think?Sinus tachycardia.  There is incomplete RBBB (QRS duration less than 120 ms).  There is diffuse STD, maximal in V4-V5 a...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions We stress that ECT should not be viewed as a universally safe procedure in patients with cerebral aneurysms and the 5-year cumulative aneurysm rupture rate should be used in the discussion of the risk-benefit ratio of ECT in patients with unsecured cerebral aneurysms.
Source: The Journal of ECT - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions Early cortisol and IL-6 levels may predict patients' HRQoL after SAH. Twelve months after SAH, a considerable percentage of patients with a presumably good outcome (mRS 0–2) had a lower HRQoL compared with the general population. Implementing corresponding tests at discharge and 12-month follow-up is recommended. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is characterized by large-artery vasospasm, distal autoregulatory dysfunction, cortical spreading depression, and microvessel thrombi. Large-artery vasospasm has been identified as an independent predictor of poor outcome in numerous studies. Recently, several animal studies have identified a strong protective role for inhalational anesthetics against secondary brain injury after SAH including DCI-a phenomenon referred to as anesthetic conditioning. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential role of inh...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our two cases demonstrate that the listeriosis outbreak should change the way we view bacterial meningitis in SA: according to the National Institute for Communicable Diseases, empirical treatment for meningitis should include ampicillin and gentamicin in all adult patients with features of meningitis. There may be a need for an updated meningitis treatment guideline in SA. PMID: 31131793 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Feixia Zheng1*, Xiuyun Ye1, Xulai Shi1, Zhongdong Lin1, Zuqin Yang1 and Longxiang Jiang2* 1Department of Pediatrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital &Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Wenzhou Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Wenzhou, China Background: Hyponatremia has frequently been described as a common complication associated with bacterial meningitis, though its frequency and clinical course in children with bacterial meningitis are unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the frequen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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