Dietary selenium supplementation alleviates immune toxicity in the hearts of chickens with lead-added drinking water.

Dietary selenium supplementation alleviates immune toxicity in the hearts of chickens with lead-added drinking water. Avian Pathol. 2019 Jan 21;:1-22 Authors: He H, Xiaoyan J, Yanmin X, Qi H, Wanying J, Yanyan L, Li S, Xiaohua T Abstract Lead (Pb) is an environmental pollutant and can damage organisms. Selenium (Se) can alleviate Pb poisoning. The present study aimed to investigate alleviative effect of Se on Pb-caused immune toxicity in chicken hearts. One hundred and eighty Hy-line male chickens were randomly divided into four groups at 7 days of age. The control group was offered a standard commercial diet (SD) and drinking water (DW); the Se group was offered SD supplemented with sodium selenite (SeSD) and DW; the Pb + Se group was offered SeSD and DW supplemented with lead acetate (PbDW); and the Pb group was offered SD and PbDW. Relative mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukins (IL-4, IL-6, IL-12β, IL-17 and IFN- γ), and heat shock proteins (HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90) were determined by means of quantitative real-time PCR. Relative protein expression of iNOS, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90 was assessed, as well as nitric oxide (NO) content and iNOS activity in heart tissue. The results indicated a down-regulation of interleukin (IL)-2 and IFN-γ and an up-regulation of NO, iNOS, interleukins (IL-4, IL-6, IL-12β, IL-17), and heat shock proteins (HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, and HS...
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research

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We examined 9293 individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements of total cholesterol, free- and esterified cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, and particle concentration. Fourteen subclasses of decreasing size and their lipid constituents were analysed: six subclasses were very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), one intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), three low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and four subclasses were high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Remnant lipoproteins were VLDL and IDL combined. Mean nonfasting cholesterol concentration was 72...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Patterns of lead and other trace metals were examined in 122 Eurasian eagle owls Bubo bubo found dead in Sweden in the period 1978-2013. Environmental lead (Pb) has decreased over recent decades from reduced anthropogenic emissions but mortality by Pb poisoning is still frequently reported for avian raptors and scavengers exposed to Pb ammunition. One objective here was to determine if Pb concentrations in a nocturnal non-scavenging raptor follow the general decline observed in other biota. Pb concentration in owl liver was significantly correlated with body weight, sex, latitude, longitude and season. Pb...
Source: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Arch Environ Contam Toxicol Source Type: research
This study aims at characterizing the trichloronate enantiomers hydrolysis by serum and albumin from chicken (CSA) and turkey (TSA) in the presence of copper by chiral chromatography. A significant Cu2+-dependent hydrolysis for both trichloronate enantiomers (38%) was observed in turkey serum and TSA (p 
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study aims at characterizing the trichloronate enantiomers hydrolysis by serum and albumin from chicken (CSA) and turkey (TSA) in the presence of copper by chiral chromatography. A significant Cu2+-dependent hydrolysis for both trichloronate enantiomers (38%) was observed in turkey serum and TSA (p 
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
This study identified prophages as mediators of bacterial virulence in a model of infectious endocarditis, probably through promotion of interaction with extracellular matrix components. Further studies are needed to identify mechanisms leading to promotion of intrinsic virulence. Introduction Challenges related to Staphylococcus aureus infections in the human and veterinary clinics mobilized important human and technical resources. S. aureus can colonize 20–30% of the general population asymptomatically but is also capable of causing a wide spectrum of diseases ranging from benign infections, to particularly...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study provides new insight into the characterization of foodborne C. perfringens and highlights the potential of WGS for the investigation of FBOs. Introduction Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive, spore-forming, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, known as an important causative agent of foodborne and non-foodborne gastroenteritis (Grass et al., 2013). The ability of this bacterium to form resistant spores contributes to its survival in many environmental niches, including soil, sewage, foods, and the intestinal microbiota of humans and animals (Xiao, 2014; Li et al., 2016). C. perfringens can cause necro...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The poultry sector is developing rapidly in sub-Saharan Africa but it remains informal in many countries, including Cte dIvoire. This situation, which is favourable to the health and nutritional insecurity of food of avian origin, deserves special attention, because of Salmonella, which has poultry as its outbreak. The aim of this study was to help reduce the risk of food poisoning linked to...
Source: African Journal of Microbiology Research - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the occurrence of lead in four avian scavengers of Switzerland and how it differs between species, regions, and age of the bird. We measured lead concentration in liver and bone of the two main alpine avian scavengers (golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos and bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus) over the entire area of the Swiss Alps and two of the main avian scavengers occurring in the lowlands of Switzerland (red kite Milvus milvus and common raven Corvus corax). Of those four species, only the bearded vulture is an obligate scavenger. We found that lead burdens in the two alpine avian scavengers were ...
Source: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Arch Environ Contam Toxicol Source Type: research
Abstract Several enteric clostridial diseases can affect humans and animals. Of these, the enteric infections caused by Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile are amongst the most prevalent and they are reviewed here. C. perfringens type A strains encoding alpha toxin (CPA) are frequently associated with enteric disease of many animal mammalian species, but their role in these diseased mammals remains to be clarified. C. perfringens type B encoding CPA, beta (CPB) and epsilon (ETX) toxins causes necro-hemorrhagic enteritis, mostly in sheep, and these strains have been recently suggested to be involved i...
Source: Anaerobe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Anaerobe Source Type: research
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