Body-mass index and the risk of albuminuria in hypertensive patients with a poor estimated glomerular filtration rate and the potential role of diabetes mellitus

ConclusionObesity defined by a high BMI was not found to be a significant risk factor for micro/macroalbuminuria in hypertensive patients with a poor estimated glomerular filtration rate, when diabetes mellitus and the low eGFR value act as confounders.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Authors: Jung O, Glachs D, Strohmeier F, Mulrenin R, Huisman S, Smith I, van Keulen H, Sont J, Ploessnig M Abstract The number of people with diabetes is increasing in every European country and like all chronic diseases it cannot be cured. However, patient empowerment is an acknowledged strategy for improving the patients' health situation. This paper describes the Action Plan Engine developed as a tool for diabetes patients in the POWER2DM project. The Action Plan Engine offers a guided workflow based on treatment goals and activities. A periodic review evaluates how successful a patient has fulfilled these goals...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research
Authors: Denecke K, Jolo P, Sevinc B, Nüssli S Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that affects many people in Switzerland and around the world. Once diagnosed, a patient has to continuously monitor blood glucose, manage medications or inject insulin. Technical skills and competencies as well as knowledge on disease management have to be acquired right after being diagnosed. Diabetes consultants support patients in this process and provide educational material. While the process of generating patient-tailored material is currently complex and time consuming, in future, the eDiabetes platform c...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research
Authors: Harada K, Yasuda M, Hasegawa K, Yamazaki Y, Sasano H, Otsuka F Abstract Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy arising from adrenocortical parenchymal cells. Myxoid ACC is one of the newly identified, rare, but important histological variants of ACC, characterized by the presence of abundant extracellular Alcian Blue-positive myxoid material. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome, and the incidence of ACC in MEN1 patients has been reported to be between 1.4% and 6%. Here, we report the case of a 68-year-old Japanese woman harboring t...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate if hyperinsulinemia and/or insulin resistance was correlated with the occurrence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in a group of Chinese patients. 258 inpatients were included in the study. According to the postoperative pathology results, all subjects were divided into PTC (n = 153) and control groups (with benign thyroid nodules, n = 105). Body mass index (BMI), fasting glucose, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), FT4, FT3, thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb), serum uric acid (UA), ...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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The metabolic syndrome —otherwise called syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, Reaven syndrome, and “the deadly quartet”—is the name given to the aggregate of clinical conditions comprising central and abdominal obesity, systemic hypertension, insulin resistance (or type 2 diabetes mellitus), and atherogenic dy slipidemia. It is a prothrombotic and proinflammatory state characterized by increased inflammatory cytokine activity. In addition to inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, lichen planus, and hidradenitis suppurativa, metabolic syndrome is also commonly associated with accelerated athe...
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Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterized by a combination of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and alterations in glucose homeostasis). Insulin resistance is suggested to be the common pathogenic background. This syndrome is also a risk factor for diabetes and chronic kidney disease. In renal transplant recipients, MS has been shown to be an independent risk factor for chronic allograft dysfunction, graft failure, new-onset diabetes, and CV disease. We performed a cross-sectional study on 106 stable renal transplant recipients to detect MS between January 2013 and Augu...
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Source: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Med Chem Source Type: research
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