Streptococcus mutans serotypes and Collagen ‐Binding Proteins Cnm/Cbm in Children with Caries analyzed by PCR
SummaryStreptococcus mutans, a primary bacterium associated with dental caries, has four known clinical serotypes (c, e, f, andk). Some serotypes, presence of multiple serotypes and strains with collagen ‐binding proteins (CBP, Cnm and Cbm) have been linked with systemic disease. Evaluation ofS. mutans serotype distribution and caries association is needed in the United States. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence ofS. mutans serotypes from two cohorts of African American children in rural Alabama using 3 sample types (saliva, plaque, and individualS. mutans isolates) by PCR detection for association with caries. Detection of CBP was also performed by PCR. In total, 129 children were evaluated and overall prevalence of serotypes were: serotypec(98%),e(26%),f(7%), andk(52%). Serotypec was statistically associated with higher caries scores in older children (p
In conclusion, the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease among pregnant women in this study were relatively high. The presence of untreated dental caries, moderate and severe gingivitis, and periodontal pockets were significantly associated with their corresponding oral symptoms.
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a type of dental caries in the teeth of infants and children that is represented as one of the most prevalent dental problems in this period. Various studies have reported diffe...
Conclusion: Results from this study demonstrate the need to understand barriers to full enrollment in preventive oral health programs. Particular attention should be given to cultural differences between the program providers and the local residents. Preventative oral health program organizers need to explore multiple communication options to notify parents of upcoming programs. PMID: 33008948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Results from this study showed that Hispanic seasonal farmworkers have a desire to maintain their children's oral health. However, they lacked knowledge in some key concepts related to the disease process and prevention of ECC. Caregivers need additional oral health education with consideration for oral health literacy. PMID: 33008945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 3 October 2020Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and BiologyAuthor(s): Ana Claudia Poletto, Paola Singi, Rosário Mamani Barri, Avacir Andrello Casanova, Cássia Cilene Dezan Garbelini, Carla Cristiane da Silva, Emerson José Venancio
CONCLUSIONS: Because veterans are more likely to originate from groups at a higher risk for poor oral health (older adults, smokers, males, diabetics), the prevalence of adverse oral health conditions are higher among veterans compared to nonveterans. Overall, military service is not associated with PD or untreated dental caries but is associated with indicators suggesting veterans have had more dental treatment (FT and DMFT). There is substantial unmet oral health care need primarily related to periodontitis among veterans. PMID: 33007064 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsMost older men viewed their oral health positively, and the majority of those with objectively assessed needs, did not perceive themselves as requiring dental treatment. Loss of FTUs appears to alert participants to seek treatment, but not the presence of dental caries or periodontitis.
Publication date: November 2020Source: Japanese Dental Science Review, Volume 56, Issue 1Author(s): Yasushi Shimada, Masahiro Yoshiyama, Junji Tagami, Yasunori Sumi
Oral health is a great indicator of overall health. Caring for your child's teeth will help to prevent tooth decay —and get them off to the best possible start in life.
AbstractPurposeTo compare the effectiveness of topical fluoride —antibacterial agent combined therapy versus topical fluoride monotherapy in preventing dental caries among 1- to 16-year-old children.MethodsPubMed, EbscoHost, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomised controlled trials. The trials should have assessed the caries-preventive effectiveness of topical fluoride-antibacterial agent (Povidone Iodine/Chlorhexidine/Xylitol/Triclosan/Cetylpyridinium Chloride) combined therapy versus topical fluoride monotherapy among children. Out of 347...