US insulin costs per patient nearly DOUBLED from 2012 to 2016

A person with type 1 diabetes incurred annual insulin costs of $5,705, on average, in 2016. The average cost was roughly half that at $2,864 per patient in 2012, according to a report released today.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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AbstractBackgroundThe aim of the study is to identify the effect of salt intake and diabetes itself on blood pressure (BP) profile and microalbuminuria in children with type one diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Our hypothesis is that higher amount of salt consumption and/or hyperglycemia may impair blood pressure pattern in children with T1DM.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 84 children and adolescents with T1DM (62% females, age 13.9  ± 3.2 years, disease duration 7.3 ± 3.1 years, 43% poorly controlled diabetes) and 54 aged- and sex-matched healthy children with an ad...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study indicates a direct link between systemic inflammation and the timely progression of type 1 DM. In patients with type 2 DM, no statistical significance was found between the levels of studied biomarkers and the occurrence of microvascular complications. Nephropathy appeared sooner in type 1 DM patients, while retinopathy and neuropathy had a similar pattern of occurrence in both types of patients.
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Diabetes is one of the world's fastest growing health challenges. Insulin therapy remains a useful regimen for many elderly patients, such as those with moderate to severe hyperglycemia, type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemic emergencies, and those who fail to maintain glucose control on non-insulin agents alone. Recent clinical trials have shown that several non-insulin agents as monotherapy, or in combination with low doses of basal insulin, have comparable efficacy and potential safety advantages to complex insulin therapy regimens. Determining the most appropriate diabetes management plan for older hospitalized patients requir...
Source: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: research
J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701619 Study Aims Electromyographic (EMG) recordings of the fibularis longus and tibialis anterior muscles were performed intraoperatively during nerve decompression (ND) of the common fibular nerve (CFN) in patients with symptomatic diabetic sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy. Patient demographics and clinical attributes were compared against changes in EMG after ND and analyzed for possible correlations. Methods Intraoperative changes in CFN EMG were analyzed for correlations against sex, age, body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin A1c (A1c), and type and...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Authors: Xie Z, Chang C, Huang G, Zhou Z Abstract Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease caused by the interaction between genetic alterations and environmental factors. More than 60 susceptible genes or loci of T1D have been identified. Among them, HLA regions are reported to contribute about 50% of genetic susceptibility in Caucasians. There are many environmental factors involved in the pathogenesis of T1D. Environmental factors may change the expression of genes through epigenetic mechanisms, thus inducing individuals with susceptible genes to develop T1D; however, the underlying mechanisms remain ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1), a nuclear transcription factor, is preferably activated in the myocardium of diabetic mice. However, its role and mechanism in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy in non-obese insulin-deficient diabetes are unclear. We hypothesized that cardiac FOXO1 over-activation was attributable to the imbalanced myocardial oxidative metabolism and mitochondrial and cardiac dysfunction in type 1 diabetes. FOXO1-selective inhibitor AS1842856 was administered to streptozotocin-induced diabetic (D) rats, and cardiac functions, mitochondrial enzymes PDK4 and CPT1 and mitochondrial f...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
Source: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractDiabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is the end result of insulin deficiency in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). Loss of insulin production leads to profound catabolism with increased gluconeogenesis, glycogenolysis, lipolysis, and muscle proteolysis causing hyperglycemia and osmotic diuresis. High levels of counter-regulatory hormones lead to enhanced ketogenesis and the release of ‘ketone bodies’ into the circulation, which dissociate to release hydrogen ions and cause an overwhelming acidosis. Dehydration, hyperglycemia, and ketoacidosis are the hallmarks of this condition. Treatment is effective repletion of ...
Source: Pediatric Drugs - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Purpose: To analyze the evolution of macular vessel density (VD) over 1 year, during early worsening of diabetic retinopathy, in patients with uncontrolled Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Methods: Retrospective study of 12 eyes of 9 patients with T1D with early worsening of diabetic retinopathy imaged with optical coherence tomography angiography. The following data were collected at the time of pan retinal photocoagulation initiation and after 6 and 12 months: vessel density within three retinal plexuses—superficial vascular plexus, intermediate capillary plexus, and deep capillary plexus; foveal avascular zone area, ac...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
DiabetesMine delves into the misinformation about type 1 diabetes by actress Halle Berry.
Source: Diabetes Mine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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