Superbugs, Anti-Vaxxers Make WHO ’ s List Of 10 Global Health Threats

(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-preventable diseases,” WHO said. “Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding disease — it currently prevents 2-3 million deaths a year, and a further 1.5 million could be avoided if global coverage of vaccinations improved.” The health agency cited the recent 30% global increase in cases of measles — a disease that had been nearly wiped out in some countries. “The reasons for this rise are complex, and not all of these cases are due to vaccine hesitancy,” WHO said. “However, some countries that were close to eliminating the disease have seen a resurgence.” Drug-resistant superbugs There’s a dark side to the incredible success of antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials: Overuse of such treatments have led to drug-resistant superbugs. “Now, time with these drugs is running out,&rd...
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Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
In this study, we found that Lnc-OC1 was significantly higher in PCOS granulosa cells (GCs) compared to non-PCOS GCs. Lnc-OC1 knockdown inhibited cell viability and promoted cell apoptosis, expression of aromatase mRNA and production of estradiol in KGN cells. In PCOS mice, Lnc-OC1 promoted the serum insulin release, production of angiogenesis-related factors and IκBα phosphorylation, which could be partially restored by Lnc-OC1 shRNA. These results suggest that Lnc-OC1 plays an important part in the pathogenesis of PCOS.
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study provides fundamental insights on the molecular mechanisms underlying POMC neuron malprogramming in obesogenic contexts.Graphical abstract
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2020Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Tomoyuki Kawada
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This article aims to classify the severity grading assessments for both insulin resistance (IR) syndrome and status of pancreatic beta (β) islet cells’ function using the homeostasis model assessment method (that is; homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance [HOMA-IR] and homeostasis model assessment-pancreatic beta (β) islet cells’ function [HOMA-B] indices) with the focus of disseminating this information rapidly for clinical use by physicians in their patients with dysfunctional regulation of glucose metabolism. It will also assist clinicians to prevent and screen for these individuals who ar...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Yuanlin Wu, Jing Li, Parham Jabbarzadeh Kaboli, Jing Shen, Xu Wu, Yueshui Zhao, Huijiao Ji, Fukuan Du, Yejiang Zhou, Yongzhou Wang, Hanyu Zhang, Jianhua Yin, Qinglian Wen, Chi Hin Cho, Mingxing Li, Zhangang XiaoAbstractNatural killer (NK) cells are immune cells which are able to kill tumor and virus-infected cells and play an important role in both innate immunity and acquired immunity. Tumor immunotherapy is an emerging model of tumor treatment in the clinic. It is a re-emerging type of anticancer immunotherapy with the purpose o...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, the core-shell polydopamine-coated magnetic nanomaterials were synthesized with one-step approach and applied as magnetic solid phase extraction adsorbents combined with LC-MS/MS for quantification of the diabetes drug glimepiride in beagle dog plasma. The Fe3O4@PDA nanomaterials have strong magnetic response, good dispersibility in aqueous solution, and numerous binding sites for π–π interaction and hydrogen bonding with glimepiride. Based on these merits, glimepiride could be quickly extracted and separated from plasma within 10min. The established method has good linearity (1-2000ng•mL-1)...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2020Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Varghese Thomas, S.N.Venugopalan Nair, D.K. Ved, Darshan ShankarAbstractIndia's medical heritage across its two streams of experiential knowledge viz. the classical (codified) and folk (oral) reveals an incredible range and depth of knowledge of medicinal plants. In the classical stream of Ayurveda, across the period from 1500 BCE to 1900 CE, there is information of more than 12,000 distinct Sanskrit plant names with overlaps across texts. This information is captured in more than 200 texts viz. 6 samhitas, 57 ...
Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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